Karp-class submarine

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Russian submarine Karp.png
Russian Submarine Karp
Class overview
Name: Karp-class submarine
Builders: Germaniawerft
Operators:  Imperial Russian Navy
 Ukrainian Navy
In commission: 1907–1919
Completed: 3
Lost: 3
General characteristics
Displacement: 207 tons surfaced
235 tons submerged
Length: 39.6 m (129 ft 11 in)
Beam: 2.7 m (8 ft 10 in)
Draft: 2.5 m (8 ft 2 in)
Propulsion: kerosene-electric
400hp kerosene
200 hp electric
2 shafts
Speed: 10 knots (19 km/h) surfaced
8.5 knots (15.7 km/h) submerged
Range: 1,250 nmi (2,320 km)
Complement: 28
1 × 457 mm (18.0 in) torpedo tubes
2 × torpedoes in drop collars

The Karp class were a group of submarines built by Krupp Germaniawerft for the Imperial Russian Navy. The boats were ordered in the 1904 emergency programme as a result of the Russo-Japanese War. The design was a twin hull type with 7 ballast tanks and a 16 fathom (96 feet) diving limit. The boats were delivered late for the war and transferred to the Black Sea Fleet by rail in 1908. The design served as the prototype for the first German U-boat, U-1, which was commissioned into the Imperial German Navy on 14 December 1906.[1] The U-1 has been preserved, and is currently on display at the Deutsches Museum in Munich.[2]

Kambala sank in 1909.[3] The reason and location of this sinking is unclear. Some reports have the submarine sinking near Kronstadt due to an erroneously opened valve while others have her sinking in an accidental collision with Rostislav near Sevastopol.[3] It has even been suggested that she sank twice first near Kronstadt then after being salvaged was sunk again near Sevastopol.[3]

In 1918 Karp and Karas were transferred to the Ukrainian State Navy.


boat Launched fate
Karp Карп - Carp 1907 Decommissioned in 1917. Scuttled in Sevastopol on 26 April 1919.
Kambala Камбала - Flounder 1907 Sunk in collision with the battleship Rostislav, 11 June 1909.
Karas Карась - Crucian carp 1907 Decommissioned in 1917. Scuttled in Sevastopol on 26 April 1919.


  1. ^ Showell, p. 30
  2. ^ Showell, p. 36
  3. ^ a b c Gray, Edwyn (2003). Disasters of the Deep A Comprehensive Survey of Submarine Accidents & Disasters. Leo Cooper. pp. 61–62. ISBN 0-85052-987-5.