Karp-class submarine

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Russian submarine Karp.png
Russian submarine Karp
Class overview
Name: Karp class
Builders: Germaniawerft
In commission: 1907–1919
Completed: 3
Lost: 3
General characteristics
Type: Submarine
  • 207 tons surfaced
  • 235 tons submerged
Length: 39.6 m (129 ft 11 in)
Beam: 2.7 m (8 ft 10 in)
Draft: 2.5 m (8 ft 2 in)
  • 10 knots (19 km/h) surfaced
  • 8.5 knots (15.7 km/h) submerged
Range: 1,250 nmi (2,320 km)
Test depth: 96 ft (29 m)
Complement: 28
  • 1 × 457 mm (18.0 in) torpedo tubes
  • 2 × torpedoes in drop collars

The Karp class were a class of submarines built by Krupp Germaniawerft for the Imperial Russian Navy. The boats were ordered in the 1904 emergency programme as a result of the Russo-Japanese War. The design was a twin hull type with 7 ballast tanks and a 16 fathom (96 feet (29 m)) diving limit. The boats were delivered late for the war and transferred to the Black Sea Fleet by rail in 1908. The design served as the prototype for the first German U-boat, U-1, which was commissioned into the Imperial German Navy on 14 December 1906.[1] U-1 has been preserved, and is currently on display at the Deutsches Museum in Munich.[2]

Kambala sank in 1909.[3] The reason and location of this sinking is unclear. Some reports have the submarine sinking near Kronstadt due to an erroneously opened valve while others have her sinking in an accidental collision with the Russian battleship Rostislav near Sevastopol.[3] It has even been suggested that she sank twice first near Kronstadt then after being salvaged was sunk again near Sevastopol.[3]

In 1918 Karp and Karas were transferred to the Ukrainian State Navy.


Name Launched Fate
Karp Карп - Carp 1907 Decommissioned in 1917. Scuttled in Sevastopol on 26 April 1919.
Kambala Камбала - Flounder 1907 Sunk in collision with the battleship Rostislav, 11 June 1909.
Karas Карась - Crucian carp 1907 Decommissioned in 1917. Scuttled in Sevastopol on 26 April 1919.



  1. ^ Showell, p. 30
  2. ^ Showell, p. 36
  3. ^ a b c Gray, Edwyn (2003). Disasters of the Deep A Comprehensive Survey of Submarine Accidents & Disasters. Leo Cooper. pp. 61–62. ISBN 0-85052-987-5. 


  • Gardiner, Robert; Gray, Randal, eds. (1984). Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships: 1906–1921. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 0-85177-245-5. 
  • Showell, Jak (2006). The U-Boat Century; German Submarine Warfare 1906-2006. Great Britain: Chatham Publishing. ISBN 1-86176-241-0. 

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