Kaupō is located along the southeastern shore of Maui, west of Kīpahulu along the Kahikinui coastline. Kaupō is located on a rugged and desolate coast. The Kahikinui Forest Reserve is located in the area, as well as a section of Haleakalā National Park. A trail leads from near the summit of Haleakalā through Kaupō Gap to the coast.
Kaupō is connected to the rest of the island via the Pi'ilani Highway (Hawaii Route 31). The highway is primarily one lane wide and is not paved in all sections.
Kaupō was "Wahipana" (Special Place) for ancient Hawaiians. In the early 1900s many families lived in Kaupō. Fishing, farming, hunting and ranching were primary occupations. In 1859 the district was combined with that of Hana.
- Mary Kawena Pukui, Samuel Hoyt Elbert and Esther T. Mookini (2004). "lookup of Kaupō ". in Place Names of Hawai'i. Ulukau, the Hawaiian Electronic Library, University of Hawaii Press. Retrieved November 12, 2010.
- "Kaupo". www.hawaiiweb.com. Retrieved 2019-02-24.
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Kahikinui Forest Reserve
- "Kaupō Trail". Hawaii Nature Notes. June 1959. Retrieved November 12, 2010.
- "Haleakala National Park map". National Park Service. Retrieved November 12, 2010.
- Lloyd J. Soehren (2010). "lookup of Kaupō ". in Hawaiian Place Names. Ulukau, the Hawaiian Electronic Library. Retrieved November 12, 2010.
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Huialoha Church
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