Sir Kenneth Calman
|Chancellor of the University of Glasgow|
|Assumed office |
23 January 2006
|Preceded by||Sir William Kerr Fraser|
|Warden and Vice-Chancellor of the University of Durham|
|Preceded by||Evelyn Ebsworth|
|Succeeded by||Chris Higgins|
|Chief Medical Officer for Her Majesty's Government|
1 January 1991 – 31 December 1997
|Preceded by||Sir Donald Acheson|
|Succeeded by||Sir Liam Donaldson|
|Chief Medical Officer for Scotland|
|Preceded by||Iain Macdonald|
|Succeeded by||Robert Evan Kendell|
|Born||25 December 1941|
|Children||2 daughters, 1 son|
|Alma mater||University of Glasgow|
|Profession||Physician, surgeon, author|
Sir Kenneth Charles Calman, KCB DL FRCP FRCS FRSE FRCGP HonFAcadMEd (born 25 December 1941) is a Scottish doctor who formerly worked as a surgeon, oncologist and cancer researcher and who held the position of Chief Medical Officer of Scotland, and then England. He was Warden and Vice-Chancellor of Durham University from 1998 to 2006, before becoming Chancellor of the University of Glasgow. He held the position of Chair of National Cancer Research Institute from 2008 until 2011. From 2008 to 2009, he was convener of the Calman Commission on Scottish devolution.
Kenneth Calman was born on 25 December 1941 to Grace Douglas Don and Arthur McIntosh Calman. He was educated at Allan Glen's School and the University of Glasgow. He began medical training, and took an intercalated BSc in biochemistry, whilst studying for his MB ChB, the general medical degree. He undertook a PhD in dermatology and also received an MD with Honours on organ preservation.
He became Hall Fellow and Lecturer in Surgery at the University in 1969, and between 1972–74 was a clinical research fellow at the Chester Beatty Research Institute in London, funded by the Medical Research Council. In 1974, he was appointed to the Chair of Clinical Oncology, and became Dean of Postgraduate Medicine at The University of Glasgow in 1984.
Calman was appointed Chief Medical Officer for Scotland, at the Scottish Office in 1989. He was then appointed Chief Medical Officer for England, by the United Kingdom government, at the Department of Health in 1991–98, a period that included the BSE crisis.
He was the UK Representative at the World Health Organisation and chaired its Executive Committee 1988/9.
In 1998, he was appointed Vice-Chancellor and Warden of Durham University. His time as vice-chancellor saw the expansion and integration of the campus at Stockton-on-Tees, with two colleges being established there in 2001 and the campus being renamed Queen's Campus during the 2003 Golden Jubilee celebrations. A new college was also opened in 2006, Josephine Butler College. There was also a return to the teaching of medicine at Durham, with students doing their pre-clinical studies at Queen's Campus before transferring to Newcastle to complete the clinical part of their degrees. His time as vice-chancellor also saw the closure of the Department of Applied Linguistics in 2003 and Department of East Asian Studies in 2007. Professor Calman retired as Warden in 2006 and was succeeded by Professor Christopher Higgins.
Calman was a member of the Nuffield Council on Bioethics from 2000–2008. He chaired its inquiry on the Ethics of research related to healthcare in developing countries from 2000–2002, and was a member of the Working Party on Public health from 2006–2007.
On 23 January 2006, it was announced Calman had been elected Chancellor of the University of Glasgow by the General Council of the University, taking around 60 percent of the vote against opponent Professor Sir Neil MacCormick, a former MEP, jurist and son of John MacCormick, former Rector of the University.
Calman was Chair of the Board of Trustees of the National Trust for Scotland from 2010 to 2015. On 1 October 2016 he took up the position of Chair of the Board of National Library of Scotland.
He has written 15 books, mainly on medical topics, and many papers on medicine, health and science.
Calman was the chair of a commission established by the Scottish Parliament in March 2008 to review Scottish devolution, commonly referred to as the Calman Commission. Other Commission members include former Lord Advocate Colin Boyd, former Deputy First Minister Jim Wallace, and Mona Siddiqui, Professor of Islamic Studies at the University of Glasgow. The Commission published its first interim report in December 2008, and published its final report on 15 June 2009. The Commission recommended, amongst other things, that the Scottish Parliament receive greater tax-raising powers as well as control over the regulation of airguns, the administration of elections, drink-driving limits and the national speed limit.
Honours and awards
Calman has received honorary degrees from the universities of Glasgow, Strathclyde, Aberdeen, Nottingham, Newcastle, Birmingham, Stirling, Paisley, Westminster and Brighton, the Open University and Glasgow Caledonian University.
He became a Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh in 1979. He was made a Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath. He is an Honorary Fellow of the Academy of Medical Educators. He is a Deputy Lieutenant in the City of Glasgow.
He holds fellowships of several Royal Colleges including
- Fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh, 1971
- Fellow of the Royal College of Physicians, 1985
- Fellow of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh, 1989
- Fellow of the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Glasgow, 1989
- Fellow of the Faculty of Public Health, 1989
He likes to write poetry. In 2013 he graduated MLitt at the University of Glasgow with a thesis on Scottish Literature and medicine. This was subsequently published as a book, A Doctor's Line in 2014.
- Chapman, Kate (2 September 2011). "A former chief medical officer: Interview with Kenneth Calman". The BMJ (343). Retrieved 11 January 2019.
- "Calman, Sir Kenneth (Charles)". Who's Who. A&C Black. December 2008. Retrieved 4 November 2016.
- "Former Pupils". Allan Glen's School. Retrieved 25 December 2018.
- "Biography of Sir Kenneth Calman". University of Glasgow. Retrieved 25 June 2009.
- Rivett, Geoffrey. "Sir Kenneth Calman, FRSE, PhD, BSc, FRCP, FRCS(Ed), FRCGP". www.nhshistory.net. Retrieved 25 June 2009.
- "Past Council Members". Nuffield Council on Bioethics. Retrieved 31 May 2015.
- "Expert group launches report on the ethics of research related to healthcare in developing countries". Nuffield Council on Bioethics (Press release). 24 April 2002. Retrieved 31 May 2015.
- "Previous work: Public Health: about the working party". Nuffield Council on Bioethics. Retrieved 2 July 2014.
- "University of Glasgow appoints new Chancellor". University of Glasgow. 23 January 2006. Retrieved 25 June 2009.
- "Sir Kenneth Calman to take over as head of National Trust for Scotland". The Scotsman. 19 July 2010. Retrieved 25 September 2014.
- "The National Trust for Scotland looks for a new chairman". BBC News. 21 October 2014. Retrieved 4 November 2016.
- "Sir Kenneth Calman joins National Library as Board Chair". National Library of Scotland. 27 July 2016. Retrieved 4 November 2016.
- "Devolution review body launched". BBC News. 25 March 2008. Retrieved 2 July 2014.
- "The Future of Scottish Devolution within the Union: A First Report" (PDF). Commission on Scottish Devolution. 2 December 2008 – via BBC News.
- Bowditch, Gillian (26 July 2009). "Susan Calman: the lawyer who became our pint-sized new comic pin-up". The Times. Retrieved 18 April 2011.
- "Vice-Chancellor retires from Durham University". Durham University. 22 March 2007. Retrieved 25 June 2009.
- Sheard, Sally; Donaldson, Liam (2005). The Nation's Doctor. London: The Nuffield Trust. ISBN 1846190010.
- Kenneth Calman: The cautious doctor (BBC)
- Kenneth Calman on the History of Modern Biomedicine Research Group website
- BBC News: Devolution Review Body Launched
- Appointment as Deputy Lieutenant
| Chief Medical Officer for Scotland
Sir Donald Acheson
| Chief Medical Officer for Her Majesty's Government
Sir Liam Donaldson
Professor Evelyn Ebsworth
| Warden and Vice-Chancellor of the University of Durham
1998 to 2007
Professor Christopher Higgins
Sir William Kerr Fraser
| Chancellor of the University of Glasgow