Kettle River Range
|Kettle River Range|
NASA satellite image of north central Washington state and southern British Columbia with the Kettle River Range outlined in red
(photo: MODIS Jacques Descloitres, 2001)
|Peak||Copper Butte (U.S.)|
|Elevation||2,177 m (7,142 ft)|
|Area||2,700 sq mi (7,000 km2)|
|State/Province||Boundary Country: Washington & British Columbia|
|Parent range||Monashee Mountains,|
parent range: Columbia Mountains
The Kettle River Range, often called the Kettle Range, is the southernmost range of the Monashee Mountains, located in far southeastern British Columbia, Canada and Ferry County, Washington, in the United States. Most of the northern half of the range is protected by the Colville National Forest and the southern half of the range is located on the Colville Indian Reservation. The highest peak is Copper Butte, which reaches 2,177 metres (7,142 ft). The range is crossed by Washington State Route 20 at Sherman Pass.
The Kettle River Range encompasses an area of 2,700 square miles (7,000 km2) and is a subrange of the Monashee Mountains, which in turn form part of the Columbia Mountains. The range runs north to south, bordered on the east by the Kettle River and the Columbia River, and on the west by the Kettle River, the Curlew Valley and the San Poil River. The mountainous region begins immediately north of the Canada–US border, at Grand Forks, British Columbia, extending 110 miles (177 km) south to the bend of the Columbia River and Lake Roosevelt, formed by Grand Coulee Dam, where it terminates. The Okanogan Highlands are adjacent to the range on the west, and the Selkirk Mountains are adjacent on the east.
The Sherman Pass Scenic Byway runs 40 miles (64 km) east from the town of Republic, Washington across the center of the Kettle River Range and reaches its highest point at Sherman Pass, 5,575 feet (1,699 m), the highest mountain pass open all year in Washington state. The route is named for American Civil War General William Tecumseh Sherman, who crossed the range in 1883.
Prospectors and low-paid Chinese miners working claims in the Kettle River Range produced more than 839,000 ounces of gold between 1896 and 1959. The largest amounts came from the Republic District although 6,000 ounces of gold came from the Danville and Columbia River Districts. Terrace deposits 30 and 100 feet above the Columbia River at Keller also produced gold. Records state that during this time period, 164 lode mines, where thick mineral veins were worked with pick axes and shovels, and 35 placer mines, where minerals exposed by erosion were recovered from rivers and loose surface soil, operated in Ferry County.—From 1904 to 1928, the Kettle River Range was the largest producer of gold in the state. Mining operations yielded silver, copper, lead, zinc, platinum, nickel, cobalt, tungsten, iron, and iron pyrite ("fool’s gold"), as well.
The White Mountain wildfire burnt and destroyed 21,000 acres of timber in the southern half of the range in 1988, including all but the easternmost flanks of White Mountain, Edds Mountain, Bald Mountain, and Snow Peak, north to Sherman Peak. The State of Washington has built several interesting interpretive sites and pull-outs along roads in the region that explain the devastation.
The Kettle Complex fires occurred in late summer of 2015. The complex included three fires – the Stickpin, Renner and Graves Mountain fires – burning south of the Canada–US border, west of Highway 395, north of State Route 20 and east of Highway 21. An estimated 73,392 acres were burned.
Today, the Kettle River Range is a popular, all-season recreation area for hiking, sport and aided climbing, snowshoeing, and cross-country skiing. The Kettle Crest National Recreation Trail follows the backbone of the range, and may be accessed at the Kettle Crest Trailhead on the north or the Deer Creek Summit South/Sno-Park Trailhead on the south.
- Copper Butte, 7,142 feet (2,177 m), the highest summit in the Kettle River Range
- Snow Peak, 7,103 feet (2,165 m),
- Scar Mountain, 7,046 feet (2,148 m),
- Wapaloosie Mountain, 7,018 feet (2,139 m),
- Sherman Peak, 7,011 feet (2,137 m),
- Bald Mountain, 6,940 feet (2,115 m),
- White Mountain, 6,923 feet (2,110 m),
- Columbia Mountain, 6,782 feet (2,067 m),
- Midnight Mountain, 6,660 feet (2,030 m),
- King Mountain, 6,634 feet (2,022 m),
- Edds Mountain, 6,540 feet (1,993 m),
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Kettle River Range
- USDA Forest Service, Colville National Forest
- Nez Perce Tribe and Confederated Tribes of the Colville Reservation, map
- Peakbagger.com, Peaks List, Copper Butte, Washington
- Kettle River Range in the Canadian Mountain Encyclopedia
- America's Byways, Sherman Pass Scenic Byway
- Heafield, Reginald. "The Official History of the Washington National Guard". Washington National Guard. Retrieved 24 April 2015.
- WashingtonGold.net. "Ferry County Washington Gold". Retrieved 11 April 2014.
- Washington Tourism Alliance, White Mountain Fire Interpretive Site, official state site
- USDA Forest Service, Kettle Crest (North) National Recreation Trail