From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Khamasom is located in Manipur
Location in Manipur, India
Khamasom is located in India
Khamasom (India)
Coordinates: 25°12′03″N 94°30′23″E / 25.20083°N 94.50639°E / 25.20083; 94.50639Coordinates: 25°12′03″N 94°30′23″E / 25.20083°N 94.50639°E / 25.20083; 94.50639
Country India
 • Total4,020
 • OfficialTangkhul (Khamasom Tui)
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Vehicle registrationMN
Nearest cityUkhrul Kohima
Lok Sabha constituencyOuter Manipur
Vidhan Sabha constituencyChingai and Ukhrul

Khamasom is a generic reference to four villages located north of Ukhrul in Ukhrul district, Manipur state, India. The four villages are Khamasom Khayangkho, Khamasom Walely, Khamasom Phungdhar and Khamasom Phungrei. The settlement is approximately 25 kilometers from Ukhrul and partially connected by National Highway 150, Imphal-Kohima road via Jessami. Khamasom is flanked by Sihai in the south, Huishu in the north west Nungbi Khullen in the west and Myanmar in the east. The inhabitants speak Khamasom dialect which belongs to the Tibeto-Burman language family. The four villages are under one chieftain.

Total population[edit]

As per 2011 census,[1] Khamasom Khayangkho has 388 households with the total of 1996 people of which 1070 are male and 926 are female. Of the total population, 214 were in the age group of 0–6 years. The average sex ratio of Khamasom Khayangkho village is 965 female to 1000 male which is lower than the state average of 985. The literacy rate of the village stands at 76.94%. Male literacy rate stands at 78.40% while female literacy rate was 59.94%.

People and occupation[edit]

The village is home to people of Tangkhul Naga tribe. Majority of the inhabitants are Christians. Agriculture is the primary occupation of the inhabitants. The village is well known in the district for its scenic beauty. Khamasom has a vast forest stretching up to the international boundary with Myanmar and the stretch is rich in flora and fauna. Recently, the village was in the news for sighting of a flower that resemblems a deadly snake which the locals called Khamasam van; meaning Khamasom flower for being native only to the village.[2][3]


Khamasom village is known for its richness in forest vegetation. The mostly found trees are Pine, Oak, Aldar, Wild Cinnamon and many others. Khamasom is arguably the only village in northeastern India that has a thick virgin forest in the Indo-Burma border stretch.

One unique feature of the natural vegetation is that Khamasom has two locations - Nginu (means 'small meadow) and Ngirue (means 'big meadow in Khamasom village local language) - within the thick jungles where the rarest lily flowers thickly bloom in the month of May and June every year. Arguably, one can state that Khamasom Lilies are growing more and more in numbers while Shiroi Lily is diminishing due to improper care given to the Shirui Kashong by people, either tourists or native villagers. The occurrence of wildfire in the hill could be one main reason. But in the case of Khamasom, these two locations - Nginu and Ngirue are thick forested area, so no human destruction observed in the areas so far. In order to reach the locations, a visitor has to walk for whole day and another whole day to walk back to Khamasom Khayangkho habitation.


  1. ^ "Khamasom Khayangkho". Census 2011. Retrieved 10 September 2015.
  2. ^ "Discovery of snake shaped flower". Deccan herald Kanoon. Retrieved 10 September 2015.
  3. ^ "Snake shaped flower from Khamasom". The sangai express. Retrieved 10 September 2015.