State legislative assemblies of India

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The State Legislative Assembly, or Vidhan Sabha,[1] or also Saasana Sabha, is a legislative body in the states and union territories of India. In the 28 states and 3 union territories with a unicameral state legislature, it is the sole legislative body and in 6 states it is the lower house of their bicameral state legislatures with the upper house being State Legislative Council. 5 union territories are governed directly by the Union Government of India and have no legislative body.

Each Member of the Legislative Assembly (MLA) is directly elected to serve 5-year terms by single-member constituencies. The Constitution of India states that a State Legislative Assembly must have no less than 60 and no more than 500 members however an exception may be granted via an Act of Parliament as is the case in the states of Goa, Sikkim, Mizoram and the union territory of Puducherry which have fewer than 60 members. A State Legislative Assembly may be dissolved in a state of emergency, by the Governor on request of the Chief Minister, or if a motion of no confidence is passed against the ruling majority party or coalition.[2]

Member of Legislative Assembly[edit]

To become a member of a State Legislative Assembly voters' list of the state for which they are contesting an election. They may not be a Member of Parliament and Member of the State Legislative Council at the same time. They should also state that there is no criminal procedures against him or her. A State Legislative Assembly holds equal legislative power with the upper house of the state legislature, the State Legislative Council, except in the area of dissolution of state government and passing of money bills, in which case the State Legislative Assembly has the ultimate authority.

Powers of legislative assemblies are given below:

  • A motion of no confidence against the government in the state can only be introduced in the State Legislative Assembly. If it is passed by a majority vote, then the Chief Minister and her/his Council of Ministers must collectively resign.
  • A money bill can only be introduced in State Legislative Assembly. In bicameral jurisdictions, after it is passed in the State Legislative Assembly, it is sent to the State Legislative Council, where it can be kept for a maximum time of 14 days.
  • In matters related to ordinary bills, the will of the State Legislative Assembly prevails and there is no provision of joint sitting. In such cases, State Legislative Council can delay the legislation by a maximum of 4 months (3 months in the first visit and 1 month in the second visit of the bill).
  • Legislative Assembly of the state has the power to create or abolish the State Legislative Council by passing a resolution to that effect by a majority of not less than two-thirds of the members present and voting.[3]

Current State Legislative Assemblies[edit]

Assembly Seat(s) House strength[4] Ruling party Current house
Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly Amaravati 175 YSR Congress Party Fifteenth
Arunachal Pradesh Legislative Assembly Itanagar 60 Bharatiya Janata Party Tenth
Assam Legislative Assembly Dispur 126 Bharatiya Janata Party Fifteenth
Bihar Legislative Assembly Patna 243 Janata Dal (United) Seventeenth
Chhattisgarh Legislative Assembly Naya Raipur 90 Indian National Congress Fifth
Delhi Legislative Assembly New Delhi 70 Aam Aadmi Party Seventh
Goa Legislative Assembly Panaji 40 Bharatiya Janata Party Eighth
Gujarat Legislative Assembly Gandhinagar 182 Bharatiya Janata Party Fourteenth
Haryana Legislative Assembly Chandigarh 90 Bharatiya Janata Party Fourteenth
Himachal Pradesh Legislative Assembly Shimla (summer)
Dharamshala (winter)
68 Bharatiya Janata Party Thirteenth
Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Assembly Srinagar (summer)
Jammu (winter)
90 N/A
(President's rule)
Jharkhand Legislative Assembly Ranchi 81 Jharkhand Mukti Morcha Fifth
Karnataka Legislative Assembly Bangalore (summer)
Belgaum (winter)
224 Bharatiya Janata Party Fifteenth
Kerala Legislative Assembly Thiruvananthapuram 140 Communist Party of India (Marxist) Fifteenth
Madhya Pradesh Legislative Assembly Bhopal 230 Bharatiya Janata Party Fifteenth
Maharashtra Legislative Assembly Mumbai (summer)
Nagpur (winter)
288 Shiv Sena Fourteenth
Manipur Legislative Assembly Imphal 60 Bharatiya Janata Party Twelfth
Meghalaya Legislative Assembly Shillong 60 National People's Party Tenth
Mizoram Legislative Assembly Aizawl 40 Mizo National Front Eighth
Nagaland Legislative Assembly Kohima 60 Nationalist Democratic Progressive Party Thirteenth
Odisha Legislative Assembly Bhubaneshwar 147 Biju Janata Dal Sixteenth
Puducherry Legislative Assembly Puducherry 33[a] All India N.R. Congress Fifteenth
Punjab Legislative Assembly Chandigarh 117 Aam Aadmi Party Sixteenth
Rajasthan Legislative Assembly Jaipur 200 Indian National Congress Fifteenth
Sikkim Legislative Assembly Gangtok 32 Sikkim Krantikari Morcha Tenth
Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly Chennai 234 Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam Sixteenth
Telangana Legislative Assembly Hyderabad 119 Telangana Rashtra Samithi Second
Tripura Legislative Assembly Agartala 60 Bharatiya Janata Party Twelfth
Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly Lucknow 403 Bharatiya Janata Party Eighteenth
Uttarakhand Legislative Assembly Bhararisain (summer)
Dehradun (winter)
70 Bharatiya Janata Party Fifth
West Bengal Legislative Assembly Kolkata 294 All India Trinamool Congress Seventeenth
Total 4123
  1. ^ 3 out of 33 seats are nominated by Government of India

State Legislative Assemblies by ruling parties[edit]

Current ruling parties in India
  BJP (12)
  BJP Alliance (5)
  INC (2)
  INC Alliance (3)
  Others (8)
Ruling party States/UTs
NDA (17)
Bharatiya Janata Party 12
All India N.R. Congress 1
Nationalist Democratic Progressive Party 1
National People's Party 1
Sikkim Krantikari Morcha 1
Balasahebanchi Shiv Sena 1
UPA (5)
Indian National Congress 2
Janata Dal (United) 1
Jharkhand Mukti Morcha 1
Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam 1
Others (8)
Aam Aadmi Party 2
All India Trinamool Congress 1
Biju Janata Dal 1
Communist Party of India (Marxist) 1
Mizo National Front 1
Telangana Rashtra Samithi 1
YSR Congress Party 1

The Bharatiya Janata Party-led National Democratic Alliance is in power in 17 states/union territories; the Indian National Congress-led United Progressive Alliance is in power in 5 states/union territories; 8 states are ruled by other parties/alliances; and 5 union territories do not have a legislative assembly. The newly formed Union territory of Jammu and Kashmir hasn't had elections to form a government and President's rule has been imposed there.

Former State Legislative Assemblies[edit]

Assembly Seat Period active Abolished by
Ajmer Legislative Assembly Ajmer 1950–1956 States Reorganisation Act, 1956.
Bombay Legislative Assembly Bombay 1950–1960 Bombay Reorganisation Act, 1960.
Coorg Legislative Assembly Mercara 1950–1956 States Reorganisation Act, 1956.
Hyderabad Legislative Assembly Hyderabad 1952–1956 States Reorganisation Act, 1956.
PEPSU Legislative Assembly Patiala 1950–1956 States Reorganisation Act, 1956.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Vidhan_Sabha". Collins English Dictionary. HarperCollins Publishers. 2014.
  2. ^ "State Legislative Assemblies" (PDF). www.india.gov.in. Retrieved 12 December 2018.
  3. ^ "Explainer: Why Jagan Reddy wants to abolish the legislative council in Andhra Pradesh".
  4. ^ "Terms of the Houses". Election Commission of India. Retrieved 28 August 2022.

External links[edit]