|Location||423 Central Avenue NW, Albuquerque, New Mexico|
|Architect||Boller Brothers; Carl Boller|
|Architectural style||Pueblo Deco|
|NRHP reference No.||77000920|
|Added to NRHP||May 2, 1977|
|Designated NMSRCP||July 30, 1976|
The KiMo Theatre is a theatre and historic landmark located in Albuquerque, New Mexico on the northeast corner of Central Avenue and Fifth Street. It was built in 1927 in the extravagant Art Deco-Pueblo Revival Style architecture, which is a blend of adobe building styles (rounded corners and edges), decorative motifs from indigenous cultures, and the soaring lines and linear repetition found in American Art Deco architecture.
The KiMo was conceived by Italian-American entrepreneur Oreste Bachechi (c. 1860–1928) and his wife, Maria Franceschi Bachechi (c. 1865–1959). It was Mrs. Bachechi's desire to give a tribute to the Native Americans who had embraced the Bachechi family as part of their own. After much travel and meetings with various architects in both NM and California, the design was accepted from Carl Boller of the Boller Brothers architecture firm, who conducted an extensive investigation into the cultures and building styles of the Southwest before submitting his design. The theater is a three-story stucco building with the stepped massing characteristic of native pueblo architecture, as well as the recessed spandrels and strong vertical thrust of Art Deco skyscrapers. Both the exterior and interior of the building incorporate a variety of indigenous motifs, like the row of terra cotta shields above the third-floor windows.
In June 1927, the Albuquerque Journal sponsored a competition to choose a name for the new theater, with a $50 prize for the winner. The rules stipulated that the name "must be in keeping with this truly American Theatre, whose architecture is a combination of Aztec, Navajo and Pueblo. It must be an Indian name. The name must not have more than six letters." Over 500 entries were received from around the state. Pablo Abeita, the former governor of Isleta Pueblo, was chosen as the winner for his suggestion of "Kimo", meaning "mountain lion" (sometimes loosely translated as "king of the beasts"). The second-place entry was "Eloma".
The theater opened on September 19, 1927, with a program including Native American dancers and singers, a performance on the newly installed $18,000 Wurlitzer theater organ, and the comedy film Painting the Town. Dignitaries at the event included Senator Sam G. Bratton, former governor Arthur T. Hannett, and Chairman of the City Commission Clyde Tingley, while Hollywood stars including Mary Pickford and Douglas Fairbanks sent congratulatory telegrams. Cecil B. DeMille wrote, "The erection of such a theater is definite proof of the great progress being made by this industry of ours."
In 1935, the Bachechi family merged their theater interests with those of Joseph Barnett, including the Sunshine Theater, which put most of Albuquerque's theaters under the same ownership. By 1952, the chain, Albuquerque Exhibitors, controlled 10 local theaters and had 170 employees. The company leased its theaters in 1956 to the Texas-based Frontier Theaters chain, which was taken over by Commonwealth Theaters in 1967. Commonwealth closed the theater in 1970, after which it was leased for a few years by Albuquerque Music Theater and then started showing adult films.
By 1977, the theater had fallen into disrepair due to a fire. The City of Albuquerque offered to purchase the building at a fraction of its value or condemn it and then demolish it. The family decided that it was best to preserve the theater for future generations and sold the theater to the City of Albuquerque. It has undergone several phases of continuing restoration to return it to its former glory and is once again open to the public for performances. The most recent preservation was completed in 2000 with the installation of new seating and carpet, main stage curtain, new tech booth, lighting positions hid between and behind "vigas" on the ceiling, and a re-creation of the KiMo's original proscenium arch. The auditorium seating capacity was 650 at completion of the restoration.
In 2011, the city commissioned a replica of the theater's original neon sign, which was installed around 1929 and removed sometime in the 1950s. The completed sign, which is 24 feet (7.3 m) tall by 5 feet (1.5 m) wide and cost $16,000, was installed in June 2011.
According to local legend, the KiMo Theatre is haunted by the ghost of Bobby Darnall, a six-year-old boy killed in 1951 when a water heater in the theater's lobby exploded. The tale alleges that a theatrical performance of A Christmas Carol in 1974 was disrupted by the ghost, who was supposedly angry that the staff was ordered to remove donuts they had hung on backstage pipes to appease him.
While investigating the legend, writer Benjamin Radford determined that the performance of A Christmas Carol in question actually occurred in 1986, not 1974, and two people he spoke with who were involved in the production did not remember anything unusual. According to Radford, "All the evidence points to one inescapable conclusion: The ruined play—the very genesis of the KiMo ghost story—simply did not occur; it is but folklore and fiction". Radford also contacted Bobby Darnall's siblings, who told him they felt "exploited by the story" and did not appreciate "claims that their beloved brother is eating doughnuts or ruining performances at the KiMo Theater".
KiMo technician Dennis Potter shows investigator Benjamin Radford the site of a 1951 explosion which spurred a ghost story.
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. January 23, 2007.
- "New Mexico State and National Registers". New Mexico Historic Preservation Commission. Retrieved 2013-03-13.
- For examples of this style of building, see Marcus Whiffen, Pueblo Deco: The Art Deco Architecture of the Southwest (ISBN 0-8263-0676-4).
- "O. Bachechi, Old Resident, Dies in Los Angeles". Albuquerque Journal. March 13, 1928. Retrieved August 17, 2019 – via Newspapers.com.
- "Mrs. Bachechi Dies at Age 94". Albuquerque Journal. June 10, 1959. Retrieved August 17, 2019 – via Newspapers.com.
- "Name New Mexico's Finest Theatre". Albuquerque Journal. Advertisement. June 19, 1927. Retrieved August 19, 2019 – via Newspapers.com.
- "Kimo, meaning "mountain lion," is Indian name chosen for Bachechi theater; Pablo Abeita wins prize". Albuquerque Journal. June 26, 1927. Retrieved August 19, 2019 – via Newspapers.com.
- "KiMo: The World's Foremost Indian Theater". Albuquerque Journal. Advertisement. September 18, 1927. Retrieved August 20, 2019 – via Newspapers.com.
- "New KiMo Theater is filled for first performances; New Mexico Indians delight huge audiences". Albuquerque Journal. September 20, 1927. Retrieved August 20, 2019 – via Newspapers.com.
- "Theaters Here Join Big Chain". Albuquerque Journal. April 23, 1935. Retrieved 6 July 2019 – via Newspapers.com.
- "Film Firm Here Acquires Sandia, El Rey Theaters". Albuquerque Journal. September 5, 1952. Retrieved July 6, 2019 – via Newspapers.com.
- "Theaters Leased To Chain in Texas". Albuquerque Journal. February 1, 1956. Retrieved July 6, 2019 – via Newspapers.com.
- "Missouri Firm Buys Frontier Theaters, Inc". Albuquerque Journal. December 31, 1967. Retrieved July 6, 2019 – via Newspapers.com.
- "Downtown Theater Is Closed". Albuquerque Journal. December 19, 1970. Retrieved August 18, 2019 – via Newspapers.com.
- Buddecke, Martha (September 19, 1971). "Music Theatre Landmark—'Man of La Mancha'—Reopens Kimo Theatre". Albuquerque Journal. Retrieved August 18, 2019 – via Newspapers.com.
- "Information about restoration efforts of the KiMo". City of Albuquerque. City of Albuquerque. Retrieved 8 March 2018.
- Jojola, Lloyd (February 23, 2011). "Sign of Past Times: Old Neon Sign Will Be Re-Created for Theater". Albuquerque Journal. Retrieved August 18, 2019 – via Newspapers.com.
- "Theater nostalgia". Albuquerque Journal. June 2, 2011. Retrieved August 18, 2019 – via Newspapers.com.
- "Theater Blast Kills Boy; 7 Hurt". Albuquerque Journal. August 3, 1951. Retrieved August 17, 2019 – via Newspapers.com.
- Alan Brown (19 September 2016). Haunted Southwest. Arcadia Publishing Incorporated. pp. 36–. ISBN 978-1-4396-5871-0.
- Burnham, Acacia; Guerrero, Diego. "New Mexico: State of spooks". SantaFeNewMexican.com. The Santa Fe New Mexican. Retrieved 8 March 2018.
- Ghosts, Doughnuts, and A Christmas Carol: Investigating New Mexico’s ‘Haunted’ KiMo Theater by Ben Radford on csicop.org
- Benjamin Radford (15 August 2014). Mysterious New Mexico: Miracles, Magic, and Monsters in the Land of Enchantment. University of New Mexico Press. ISBN 978-0-8263-5452-5.
Media related to KiMo Theater at Wikimedia Commons