Foreign Narcotics Kingpin Designation Act

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Foreign Narcotics Kingpin Designation Act
Great Seal of the United States
Other short titles
  • Department of Energy Sensitive Country Foreign Visitors Moratorium Act
  • International Narcotics Trafficking Act
  • Kingpin Act
Long title An Act to provide for the imposition of economic sanctions on certain foreign persons engaging in, or otherwise involved in, international narcotics trafficking.
Acronyms (colloquial) FNKDA
Nicknames Intelligence Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2000
Enacted by the 106th United States Congress
Effective December 3, 1999
Citations
Public law 106-120
Statutes at Large 113 Stat. 1606 aka 113 Stat. 1626
Codification
Titles amended 21 U.S.C.: Food and Drugs
U.S.C. sections created 21 U.S.C. ch. 24 § 1901 et seq.
Legislative history
  • Introduced in the House as H.R. 1555 by Porter Goss (RFL) on April 26, 1999
  • Committee consideration by House Intelligence (Permanent Select), House Armed Services
  • Passed the House on May 13, 1999 (passed voice vote)
  • Passed the Senate on July 21, 1999 (passed voice vote)
  • Reported by the joint conference committee on November 5, 1999; agreed to by the House on November 9, 1999 (agreed voice vote) and by the Senate on November 19, 1999 (agreed voice vote)
  • Signed into law by President William J. Clinton on December 3, 1999

The Foreign Narcotics Kingpin Designation Act, also known as the Kingpin Act, became law by the enactment of the Intelligence Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2000. The U.S. international narcotics trafficking bill was introduced in the United States House of Representatives as H.R. 3164 on October 28, 1999.[1] The Kingpin Act legislation passed by a margin of three hundred and eighty-five to twenty-six (Roll call vote 555, via Clerk.House.gov) in the United States House of Representatives on November 2, 1999.[2]

The H.R. 1555 Act of Congress was passed by the 106th U.S. Congressional session and enacted into law by the 42nd President of the United States Bill Clinton on December 3, 1999.[3]

Purpose of Act[edit]

According to the White House, "Its purpose is to deny significant foreign narcotics traffickers, their related businesses, and their operatives access to the U.S. financial system and to prohibit all trade and transactions between the traffickers and U.S. companies and individuals. The Kingpin Act authorizes the President to take these actions when he determines that a foreign person plays a significant role in international narcotics trafficking. Congress modeled the Kingpin Act on the effective sanctions program that the Department of the Treasury’s Office of Foreign Assets Control ("OFAC") administers against the Colombian drug cartels pursuant to Executive Order 12978 issued in October 1995 ("Executive Order 12978") under authority of the International Emergency Economic Powers Act ("IEEPA")."[4]

Enforcement of act[edit]

The New York Times has said that the act has been used for the US to pursue dozens of criminal organizations involved in narcotics across the world. It also wrote that, "The act allows the Treasury Department to freeze any assets of the cartels found in United States jurisdictions and to prosecute Americans who help the cartels handle their money."[5]

On October 7, 2015 the Honduran bank Banco Continental became the first time it had been used against a bank outside the United States.[6]

Issuance of a Finding of Violation to BBVA Compass. On 7/27/2016, the OFAC issued a Finding of Violation to Compass Bank, which uses the trade name BBVA Compass (“Compass”), for violations of the Foreign Narcotics Kingpin Sanctions Regulations, 31 C.F.R. part 598 (FNKSR). Due to a technical error with certain filtering software, Compass unknowingly maintained accounts on behalf of two individuals on OFAC’s List of Specially Designated Nationals and Blocked Persons (the “SDN List”). Although OFAC found Compass to be technically in violation, no transactions occurred from the accounts during the time the individuals were on the SDN list.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "H.R. 3164 (IH) - Foreign Narcotics Kingpin Designation Act" (PDF). GPO's Federal Digital System. U.S. Government Printing Office. 
  2. ^ "Foreign Narcotics Kingpin Designation Act - H.R. 3164". Office of the Clerk. U.S. House of Representatives. November 2, 1999. 
  3. ^ Peters, Gerhard; Woolley, John T. "William J. Clinton: "Statement on Signing the Intelligence Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2000," December 3, 1999". The American Presidency Project. University of California - Santa Barbara. 
  4. ^ "FACT SHEET: Overview of the Foreign Narcotics Kingpin Designation Act". April 15, 2009. Retrieved October 30, 2013. 
  5. ^ SHERYL GAY STOLBERG (April 16, 2009). "Obama Takes Aim at Finances Of Three Mexican Drug Cartels". New York Times. Retrieved October 30, 2013. 
  6. ^ "Powerful Honduran businessman indicted in US for alleged money laundering for drug traffickers". 2015-10-09. 

External links[edit]