The land for the town's museum and art gallery was donated by John Nairn (the grandson of the linoleum manufacturer, Michael Nairn) on the former site of Balsusney House, the home of John Maxton. This was opened in 1925, with the first chairman of trustees local cloth-manufacturer businessman John Blyth, the maternal grandfather of politician Michael Portillo.
The art gallery holds the largest collection of paintings by William McTaggart and Scottish Colourist Samuel Peploe aside from the National Galleries of Scotland. The museum contains many significant works by the Glasgow Boys. Situated on the ground floor, is the museum's award-winning permanent exhibition covering the town's industrial heritage. The museum also has a cafe which displays examples of Wemyss Ware pottery, made in the town from around the 1890s to 1930s.
In 2012 Fife Council undertook a £2.5m refurbishment of the building, which reopened in June 2013. It now contains a museum, library, children's library, PC suite, cafe, gift shop, meeting rooms, museum, local family and history rooms and gallery spaces.
- Civic Society Kirkcaldy: History & Celebration p.33.
- "Kirkcaldy Museum and Art Gallery info". Fife Council. Retrieved 2009-03-05.
- "Kirkcaldy Museum and Art Gallery info". culture 24. Retrieved 2009-03-11.
- "Paintings at Kirkcaldy Galleries". BBC Paintings. BBC.
- firstname.lastname@example.org Published on 08/06/2013 15:16. "Crowds flock to Kirkcaldy Galleries relaunch weekend celebrations – Lifestyle & Leisure". Fife Today. Retrieved 2013-06-17.
- "Kirkcaldy library, museum and art gallery reopens after refurbishment". STV News. 7 June 2013. Retrieved 9 June 2015.
- Pollock, David (23 February 2015). "Artist Rooms series brings work by seminal 20th century street photographer to Fife". The List. Retrieved 9 June 2015.
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