Kirup, Western Australia
Kirup Tavern and Deli
|Population||219 (2016 census)|
|Elevation||194 m (636 ft)|
|LGA(s)||Shire of Donnybrook-Balingup|
Kirup, originally named Upper Capel, then Kirupp, is situated between Donnybrook and Balingup on the South Western Highway, 228 kilometres (142 mi) south of Perth, Western Australia in the upper reaches of the Capel River valley.
Kirup is one of the three main town sites within the Shire of Donnybrook-Balingup.
Settlement at Upper Capel began in the 1870s with Joseph Cookworthy's Rockfield cattle station, managed by John Moore. At that time all supplies were transported from Bunbury by bullock wagon, or horseback. By 1890 Upper Capel could field a cricket team, which played teams from Ferguson, Upper Preston and Greenbushes.
In 1897 gold was discovered 12 miles to the north at Donnybrook, and by 1898 prospecting had extended to the Upper Capel, where three Prospecting Areas were staked.
The Upper Capel railway siding was constructed in late 1897 as part of the new Donnybrook to Bridgetown railway line. The new line allowed George Baxter to develop a 15,000 acres timber concession. Baxter established Preston Jarrah Sawmills, with a 5 miles (8.0 km) long woodline spur into his concession from Upper Capel siding. The mill produced timber for export through Bunbury, sleepers for the Menzies-Leonora railway, the New Zealand government and for the South African and New South Wales railways, and timber for new harbour works at Fremantle.
In 1901 a townsite was surveyed and gazetted, adjacent to the Upper Capel railway station. The Upper Capel Roads Board (headquartered at Balingup) proposed that the town be called "Keerup", the aboriginal Noongar name for the area, thought to mean "place of the summer flies".
Following World War 1 Kirup and East Kirup (now called Grimwade) were part of the Soldier Settlement Scheme, in which larger historical landholdings such as the Ravenscliffe Estate (2,311 acres), Brazier Estate (1,350 acres) and Ryall Estate (900 acres) were repurchased by the government and subdivided for settlement by returned servicemen.
Kirup's major industries are organic horticulture, apple, pear and cherry orcharding, fruit packing and cattle breeding. It is famed for Kirup Syrup, a red wine originally made by Alberto Vinci at his local vineyard.
- Lieutenant Colonel Noel Brazier (1866-1947), second owner of Rockfield, founder and Commanding Officer of the 10th Light Horse Regiment
- "South-West Pioneer's Death". The West Australian. Perth, WA. 1 November 1932. p. 6. Retrieved 30 January 2017.
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- Report of the Department of Mines, Western Australia, for the Year 1898. Perth, WA: Department of Mines. p. 98. Retrieved 30 January 2017.
- Twentieth century impressions of Western Australia. Perth, W.A: P. W. H. Thiel & Co. 1901. p. 370.
- "Tenders accepted". The West Australian. Perth, WA. 4 November 1901. p. 4. Retrieved 30 January 2017.
- "Jarrah Sleepers for New Zealand". The West Australian. Perth, WA. 13 February 1901. p. 4. Retrieved 30 January 2017.
- "The Timber Trouble". The West Australian. Perth, WA. 18 August 1904. p. 6.
- "Upper Capel - Messrs Baxter's Mill". The Southern Times. Bunbury, WA. 25 January 1900. p. 3. Retrieved 30 January 2017.
- "Landgate - History of country town names - K". 2008. Archived from the original on 23 July 2008. Retrieved 2008-09-06.
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- "News and Notes". The Daily News. Perth, WA. 21 February 1901. p. 4. Retrieved 30 January 2017.
- "Description of the Line". Western Mail. Perth, WA. 4 December 1896. p. 21. Retrieved 30 January 2017.
- "The Bridgetown Railway". Western Mail. Perth, WA. 10 December 1897. p. 37. Retrieved 30 January 2017.
- "Land for Soldiers". The Bunbury Herald and Blackwood Express. 10 January 1920. p. 5. Retrieved 30 January 2017.
- "Soldiers' Settlement". Western Mail. Perth, WA. 23 May 1919. p. 38.
- Farrow, Lynne; Chinnery, Robin (27 November 2013). "Municipal Heritage Inventory" (PDF). Shire of Donnybrook-Balingup. p. 11. Retrieved 30 January 2017.
- Davey, Gwenda; Seal, Graham (2003). A Guide to Australian Folklore: From Ned Kelly to Aeroplane Jelly. Sydney, NSW: Kangaroo Press. p. 170. ISBN 9780731810758.
- "Certified Operators" (pdf). AUS-QUAL Pty Ltd. 22 December 2016. Retrieved 30 January 2017.
- "Lieutenant Colonel Noel Murray Brazier". Australian War Memorial. Retrieved 22 April 2012.
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