Kota Batu, Brunei-Muara

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Kota Batu (Malay: Kota Batu, stone tomb) or officially Mukim Kota Batu is a mukim or sub-district in the Brunei-Muara District of Brunei. It is located on the eastern-south of the Brunei-Muara District, bordering Mukim Mentiri to the north, the Brunei Bay to the east, Pulau Limpaku Pinang of Limbang, Sarawak (Malaysia) to the east, Mukim Lumapas to the south and west, Mukim Kianggeh and the water village mukims to the west.


Kota Batu was the ancient capital of Brunei, before the emergence of Kampong Ayer, which is further inland, and over the Brunei River, during the Brunei Civil War in the 17th century. According to Brunei source Silsilah Raja-Raja Brunei, Kota Batu was founded by Sharif ‘Ali ibn ‘Ajlan ibn Rumaithah ibn Muhammad.[1][2] Among the founding workers were Chinese people. The palace, masjid and educational institutions were built in the quickly developing center of the Sultanate. During the reign of Muhammad Hassan, there were "two palaces within a square compound surrounded by a wall" in Kota Batu.[2]


Mukim Kota Batu is separated across Pulau Berambang by the Brunei River that flows from the Brunei Bay towards Mukim Kianggeh, Mukim Lumapas and the water village mukims. Incidentally, Pulau Berambang is a part of Mukim Kota Batu. There are several islands in the Brunei Bay that are included within the Mukim of Kota Batu which include Pulau Kaingaran, Pulau Chermin, Pulau Pepatan, Pulau Baru-Baru and Pulau Berbunut.

Areas and divisions[edit]

Mukim Kota Batu includes these following areas:

- Kampong Tanjong Cendana?

Other locations within the Mukim[edit]

Other locations within the mukim include:

Sister cities[edit]

Coordinates: 4°52′59″N 114°57′49″E / 4.88306°N 114.96361°E / 4.88306; 114.96361


  1. ^ "Pusat Sejarah Brunei" (in Bahasa Melayu). www.history-centre.gov.bn. Archived from the original on 2015-04-15. Retrieved 2016-08-23. 
  2. ^ a b Tsugitaka SATO (12 November 2012). Islamic Urbanism. Routledge. p. 175. ISBN 978-1-136-16959-5.