Nana Patil, popularly known as Krantisinh ( lit. 'revolutionary lion'), was an Indian independence activist (freedom fighter) and Member of Parliament for the Communist Party of India representing Beed District of Marathwada region. Earlier, he had been a founder of the revolutionary Patri-sarkar formed in Satara district of west Maharashtra [Yedemachhindragad]. He died on 6 December 1976.
British Raj period
Nana Patil was born on 3 August 1900 at Bahegaon, Maharashtra. His full name was Nana Ramchanra Pisal and he was a founder member of the Hindustan Republican Association who went underground between 1929 and 1932. Patil was imprisoned eight or nine times during the struggle with the British Raj from 1932 to 1942. He went underground for a second time for 44 months during the Quit India movement in 1942. He was active mainly in Tasgaon, Khanapur, Walva and south Karad talukas in Satara district. For a few months he stayed in the village of Dhankawadi, Purandhar, and received help from the then Patil (village headman), Shamrao Takawale. Strongly opposed to Gandhian resistance, Patil's method was direct attack on the colonial government and was widely accepted in the district.
Connections with Prarthana Samaj
In 1919, Patil began his social work with Prarthana Samaj for the development of depressed classes and creationg of awareness against blind faith and harmful traditions. He spent ten years working for the Prarthana Samaj and the associated Satyashodhak Samaj. During this period he started welfare initiatives such as 'samaj-vivah' (low budget marriage) and bhaiyya education. He was against the caste system and throughout his life he fought for the right od the poor and farmers. He taught them to avoid extra expenses incurred in traditional marriage ceremonies and festivals, he also advised them to avoid taking loans and also emphasised the importance of education for social development.
Patil started his public life in the Indian National Congress but in 1948 joined the Peasants and Workers Party of India with Shankarrao More, Keshavrao Jedhe, Bhausaheb Raut, Madhavrao Bagal. He got a ticket from Communist Party of India in 1957 to contest the Lok Sabha elections in the Satara constituencySatara constituency and in 1967 from Beed constituency. He was successful in 1957.
Patil also fought along with Aacharya Atre for the creation of the state of Maharashtra.