Krasnovishersk

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Krasnovishersk

Красновишерск
Aerial view of Krasnovishersk
Aerial view of Krasnovishersk
Location of Krasnovishersk
Krasnovishersk is located in Russia
Krasnovishersk
Krasnovishersk
Location of Krasnovishersk
Krasnovishersk is located in Perm Krai
Krasnovishersk
Krasnovishersk
Krasnovishersk (Perm Krai)
Coordinates: 60°25′N 57°06′E / 60.417°N 57.100°E / 60.417; 57.100Coordinates: 60°25′N 57°06′E / 60.417°N 57.100°E / 60.417; 57.100
CountryRussia
Federal subjectPerm Krai[1]
Administrative districtKrasnovishersky District[1]
Founded1930
Town status since1942
Area
 • Total24 km2 (9 sq mi)
Elevation
130 m (430 ft)
Population
 • Total16,099
 • Estimate 
(2018)[3]
15,359 (-4.6%)
 • Density670/km2 (1,700/sq mi)
 • Capital ofKrasnovishersky District[1]
 • Municipal districtKrasnovishersky Municipal District[4]
 • Urban settlementKrasnovisherskoye Urban Settlement[4]
 • Capital ofKrasnovishersky Municipal District[4], Krasnovisherskoye Urban Settlement[4]
Time zoneUTC+5 (MSK+2 Edit this on Wikidata[5])
Postal code(s)[6]
618590–618593, 618598
Dialing code(s)+7 34243
OKTMO ID57626101001

Krasnovishersk (Russian: Краснови́шерск) is a town and the administrative center of Krasnovishersky District in Perm Krai, Russia, located on the western slopes of the Northern Urals, 315 kilometers (196 mi) north of Perm, the administrative center of the krai. As of the 2010 Census, its population was 16,099.[2]

Geography[edit]

The Vishera River flows through the town.

History[edit]

The town grew out of the settlement of Vizhaikha (Вижаиха).[citation needed] Since 1926, the location where the town now stands served as the 4th branch of the Solovki prison camp, and since 1929—as the independent management of the Vishera camps. Krasnovishersk was officially established in 1930, the same year when a paper mill was built.[citation needed] Town status was granted to Krasnovishersk in 1942.[citation needed]

A memorial to Varlam Shalamov was erected in Krasnovishersk in June 2007 on the site of his first labor camp.

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Krasnovishersk serves as the administrative center of Krasnovishersky District, to which it is directly subordinated.[1] As a municipal division, the town of Krasnovishersk, together with five rural localities, is incorporated within Krasnovishersky Municipal District as Krasnovisherskoye Urban Settlement.[4]

Economy[edit]

The town's industries include timber and woodworking, as well as ferrous metallurgy. Until 2006, the main employer was the Visherabumprom paper mill, which went bankrupt and was closed.

An Uralalmaz mine extracts high-quality diamonds near Krasnovishersk.

Transportation[edit]

There is no direct railway link with town; the nearest station is in Solikamsk. The town is served by the Krasnovishersk Airport, which is currently inactive.

Demographics[edit]

Ethnically, 88.4% of the town's population are Russians, 0.5% are Ukrainians, 0.3% are Tatars, and 0.3% are Belarusians.[citation needed]

Historical population of Krasnovishersk
Year195919701979198920022010
Population15,200[citation needed]14,900[citation needed]15,917[7]18,652[8]18,260[9]16,098[2]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Law #416-67
  2. ^ a b c Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  3. ^ "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
  4. ^ a b c d e Law #1755-362
  5. ^ "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). June 3, 2011. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  6. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) ‹See Tfd›(in Russian)
  7. ^ "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1979 г. Национальный состав населения по регионам России" [All Union Population Census of 1979. Ethnic composition of the population by regions of Russia] (XLS). Всесоюзная перепись населения 1979 года [All-Union Population Census of 1979] (in Russian). 1979 – via Demoscope Weekly (website of the Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics.
  8. ^ "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 – via Demoscope Weekly.
  9. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).

Sources[edit]

  • Законодательное собрание Пермской области. Закон №416-67 от 28 февраля 1996 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Пермского края», в ред. Закона №504-ПК от 9 июля 2015 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Пермской области "Об административно-территориальном устройстве Пермского края"». Вступил в силу с момента опубликования. Опубликован: "Звезда", №38, 12 марта 1996 г. (Legislative Assembly of Perm Oblast. Law #416-67 of February 28, 1996 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Perm Krai, as amended by the Law #504-PK of July 9, 2015 On Amending the Law of Perm Oblast "On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Perm Krai". Effective as of the moment of publication.).
  • Законодательное собрание Пермской области. Закон №1755-362 от 10 ноября 2004 г. «Об утверждении границ и о наделении статусом муниципальных образований Красновишерского района Пермского края», в ред. Закона №273-ПК от 14 декабря 2013 г. «О внесении изменений в отдельные Законы Пермской области, Коми-Пермяцкого автономного округа, Пермского края». Вступил в силу через десять дней со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Бюллетень Законодательного Собрания и администрации Пермской области", №12, I часть, 9 декабря 2004 г. (Legislative Assembly of Perm Oblast. Law #1755-362 of November 10, 2004 On Establishing the Borders and on Granting the Status to the Municipal Formations of Krasnovishersky District of Perm Krai, as amended by the Law #273-PK of December 14, 2013 On Amending Various Laws of Perm Oblast, Komi-Permyak Autonomous Okrug, Perm Krai. Effective as of the day which is ten days following the day of the official publication.).