Kwak (Korean surname)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Revised RomanizationGwak

Kwak (Hangul; Hanja) is a Korean surname.


The family name Kwak is written with a hanja meaning "city walls" (; 둘레 곽; dulle gwak; also called 외성 곽; oeseong gwak). The same character is also used to write the family name now pronounced Guō in Mandarin Chinese, Kwok in Cantonese, and Quach in Vietnamese. The 2000 South Korean census found a total of 187,322 people and 58,396 households with this family name.[1] They identified with a number of different bon-gwan (seat of a clan lineage, for example the residence of an ancestor from whom the clan claims descent):

In a study by the National Institute of the Korean Language based on 2007 application data for South Korean passports, it was found that 75.4% of people with this family name spelled it in Latin letters as Kwak in their passports, while 14.4% spelled it in Revised Romanization as Gwak, and 5% spelled it Kwag. Rarer alternative spellings (the remaining 5.2%) included Kwack, Gak, Guak, Kwack, Gwag, Kag, Kawk, Koag, Koak, Kweak, and Kwug.[4]

Notable people[edit]






  1. ^ a b c d e f g "행정구역(구시군)/성씨·본관별 가구 및 인구" [Family names by administrative region (district, city, county): separated by bon-gwan, households and individuals]. Korean Statistical Information Service. Retrieved 23 October 2015.
  2. ^ "현풍 곽씨" [Hyeonpung Gwak clan]. JoongAng Ilbo. 8 May 1982. Retrieved 14 January 2018.
  3. ^ "청주곽씨(淸州郭氏)" [Cheongju Gwak clan]. Saemangeum Ilbo. 25 February 2016. Retrieved 14 January 2018.
  4. ^ 성씨 로마자 표기 방안: 마련을 위한 토론회 [Plan for romanisation of surnames: a preparatory discussion]. National Institute of the Korean Language. 25 June 2009. p. 58. Retrieved 22 October 2015.