Korea University

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Coordinates: 37°35′21″N 127°1′56″E / 37.58917°N 127.03222°E / 37.58917; 127.03222

Korea University
고려대학교
Korea University Global Symbol.svg
Global Symbol of Korea University
Former names
Bosung College
(1905-1921)
Bosung Professional College
(1922-1945)
MottoLibertas, Justitia, Veritas
자유, 정의, 진리
Motto in English
"Liberty, Justice, Truth"
TypePrivate
EstablishedMay 5, 1905
PresidentJin-taek Chung[1]
Academic staff
1,442 full-time
2,834 part-time (2019)[2]
Students29,757 (2019)[2]
Undergraduates21,165 (2019)[2]
Postgraduates8,592 (2019)[2]
Location, ,
CampusUrban
ColorsCrimson     
AthleticsFootball, Rugby, Baseball, Basketball, Ice Hockey
NicknameAnam Tigers
AffiliationsAssociation of Professional Schools of International Affairs
Washington University in St. Louis McDonnell International Scholars Academy[3]
MascotTiger
Websitewww.korea.edu (English)
www.korea.ac.kr (Korean)
Korea University logotype (English version).svg
Korean name
Hangul
Hanja
Revised RomanizationGoryeo Daehakgyo
McCune–ReischauerKoryŏ Taehakkyo

Korea University (KU, Korean고려대학교; Hanja高麗大學校; RRGoryeo Daehakgyo) is a private research university in Seoul, South Korea.

Established in 1905, Korea University is one of the nation's oldest and most prominent institutions of higher education. The student body consists of over 20,000 undergraduate students and over 10,000 graduate students. The university's academic breadth is broad with its 81 departments in 19 colleges and divisions, as well as 18 graduate schools. It has over 1,500 full-time faculty members with over 95% of them holding Ph.D. or equivalent qualification in their field.[4] The Korea University Alumni Association consists of more than 280,000 university graduates.

Korea University is a large research institution, notable in South Korean history for being the first educational institution to offer academic programs in Korea in various disciplines, such as law, economics and journalism.[5] It is particularly well known for its College of Law, which is widely considered to be one of the most well-known undergraduate law programs in South Korea.[6] Korea University also has auxiliary educational facilities such as the Institute of Foreign Language Studies, the Institute for Continuing Education, the Institute of International Education and the Center for Teaching and Learning. There are 115 research institutes, including the Battelle@KU Laboratory, the Ilmin International Relations Institute and the Center for Information Security Technologies.

History[edit]

Bosung College[edit]

Korea University was established on May 5, 1905, as Bosung College by Lee Yong-Ik, Treasurer of the Royal Household. The first College President was Hae-Uoung Shin. As an academic institution of nationalistic origin, it was regarded as a symbol of national pride during the colonial period (1910–1945).

Bosung College had to endure many hardships before Korea University of today came into being. Shortly after Bosung College was established, the "Korea-Japan Protocol" was signed, and Lee Yong-Ik, founder of Bosung College, went into exile to lead the resistance movement against Japan. His exile created financial hardship for the institution. Fortunately, however, the first financial crisis was overcome when Sohn Byong-Hee, a leader of Chundokyo, a nationalist, religious and political movement at the time, took over the management of the institution.

By 1929 the foundation once again faced a serious financial crisis as a result of the worldwide recession. Kim Sung-Soo came to the rescue when he became the president of the College in 1932. At that time, Kim was managing Choong-Ang High School and the Dong-A Ilbo, a daily newspaper.

Relocation[edit]

In June 1932, Kim Sung-Soo took office as President of Bosung College, and in 1934 the main building was completed on a 63,000-pyeong area of land located in Anam-dong. Construction of the library started in 1935 to commemorate the thirtieth anniversary of the founding of Bosung College, and was completed two years later. In July of the following year, a large athletic field, was added to the campus. Kim Sung-Soo, as President, made every effort to develop Bosung College into the first genuine Korean university. Unfortunately, his hopes did not come to fruition due to restrictions placed during the Japanese colonial rule. In April 1944, the Japanese colonial government forced Bosung College to change its name and placed it under the supervision of the Japanese authorities.

Modern era[edit]

Following Independence in 1945, the status of Bosung College was elevated to that of a university comprising three colleges, Political Science and Law, Economics and Commerce, and Liberal Arts. Hyun Sang-Yun, the first president, initiated an expansion of the campus by purchasing forest and land. In June 1949, Korea University awarded its first bachelor's degrees and in September of the same year, the graduate school was established. Yu Chin-O, the fourth president, continued to expand Korea University with the establishment of the Division of Science within the College of Liberal Arts, as well as a fourth college, the College of Agriculture.

In June 1961 the present Liberal Arts building (Seokwan) was completed. Various facilities were also completed such as the museum, the agriculture laboratory, the greenhouse, and other buildings for student services. In the same year, an experimental farm of about 1,680,000 pyeong was added to the facilities. In addition, the Science and Engineering Departments were equipped with laboratories and instruments. In December 1963, the Graduate School of Business Administration, the first of its kind in Korea, was established. In October 1965, Yu Chin-O retired after fifteen years of service as the fourth president of Korea University and was succeeded by Professor Lee Chong-Woo as the fifth president. After 1966, Korea University continued to expand with a gradual increase in the number of departments within the College of Science and Engineering and in the College of Agriculture. The Graduate School of Education was also founded. More facilities, including the new annex buildings, the General Education Building (Kyoyangkwan), and the Mass Communication Building (Hongbokwan), were added.

In October 1970, Dr. Kim Sang-Hyup, professor of political science, was appointed as the sixth president, succeeding Lee Chong-Woo who retired in September of that year. In December 1971, a major reorganization of Korea University took place. In accordance with the long-term development plan, all Woosuk University colleges, including Medicine, Liberal Arts and Sciences, Law and Economics, Junior College of Allied Health Sciences, as well as Woosuk University Hospital, were completely integrated into Korea University. In June 1972, the Business Administration Building (Kyoyangkwan) was completed to accommodate the College of Commerce and the Graduate School of Business Administration. In December of the same year, the College of Education was established.

In April 1975, President Kim Sang-Hyup was succeeded by Cha Rak-Hoon who became the seventh president. In December 1976, the College of Commerce was renamed the College of Business Administration. The Graduate School of Food and Agriculture was established in January of the following year. In December 1977, the College of Science and Engineering were separated into the College of Science and the College of Engineering. In addition, the new Central Library, the largest of its kind in South Korea at that time, was opened in March 1978. In July 1983, Medical School and hospital were expanded and reorganized into the Korea University Medical Center, which then included four new hospitals: Haewha, Guro, Yeoju and Ansan. In September 1983, the Science Library opened as the center for science and technology research and was at that time the largest and most modern building on the campus.

In June 2001, Korea University concluded a joint academic program with the University of British Columbia in Canada. The Korea University Lyceum was completed and SK Telecom made a significant contribution in the same month. In July, the Division of International Studies and the School of Journalism and Mass Communication were founded. In October, Korea University obtained ISO9001 authentication in all educational and administrative areas.

100th anniversary[edit]

In 2005, Korea University celebrated its Centennial Anniversary of Foundation Day, May 5.

In March the College of Life Sciences and Biotechnology and the College of Life and Environmental Sciences were integrated into the College of Life Sciences and Biotechnology. At the same time, the Junior College of Health Sciences was abolished and merged into the new highly developed College of Health Sciences.

Currently, Korea University is composed of sixteen colleges and divisions, as well as eighteen graduate schools and eleven auxiliary facilities, including libraries, a museum, and a press office for public relations.

Academics[edit]

Colleges and schools[edit]

Korea University's 59 academic departments and programs are organized into 17 colleges and schools:

Departments and Programs[edit]

Interdisciplinary Programs[edit]

Admissions Selectivity[edit]

Admission to the undergraduate program is very competitive and the admission decisions are based on the applicants' high school transcripts and scores on the South Korean College Scholastic Ability Test. For the freshman class entering in 2016, the overall admission rate was 5.13%.[8] Admission to Korea University is highly selective as the applicant pool is self-selective, with only the top high school students applying for admission.

Rankings and Reputation[edit]

University rankings
QS National[9]General 3
ARWU National[10]General 3-5
USNWR National[11]General 4
QS Asia
(Asian Ranking version)[12]
General 12
THE Asia[13]General 19
USNWR Asia[14]General 34
THE World[15]General 179
QS World[16]General 83
USNWR World[17]General 276
ARWU World[18]Research 201-300

Joong-Ang Ilbo University Ranking

In 2018, Joongang Ilbo ranked Korea University "4th" in the country, with following Seoul National University(1st), Sungkyunkwan University(2nd), and Hanyang University Seoul campus(3rd)

For 2019, the university was ranked 86th in the world, which means the university has been 1st among private universities in South Korea for 3 consecutive years.[19] For 2018, the university was ranked 90th in the world.[20] For 2016-17, the university was ranked 16th in Asia by QS World University Rankings.[21] Also, in the 2014 QS World University Subject Rankings, the university's politics program, economics program, chemical engineering program and the communications program were both ranked within the top 50 in the world.[22]

Korea University is well known for its nationalistic origin in the colonial age, and also for its excellence in law education. In 2003, Korea University Law School students accounted for more than 15% of the nearly 900 people who passed the annual Korean bar examination.[23]

The business programs at Korea University obtained international certification by acquiring Association to Advance Collegiate Schools of Business (AACSB) certifications in both undergraduate- and graduate levels and European Quality Improvement System (EQUIS) for the first time in South Korea, qualifying for two highly regarded certifications for business educational assessment.[24] Accordingly, in 2007, the Ministry of Education, after assessing domestic MBA programs, named Korea University as having the MBA program in South Korea.[25] In the 2015 Financial Times' EMBA Rankings, Korea University Business School's Executive MBA (E-MBA) program was ranked 27th in the world.[26]

From 2003–2006, Euh Yoon-Dae, the current Chairman of President's Council on National Branding, Steering Committee of Korea Investment Corporation (KIC), and the former (15th) President of Korea University, drastically changed the image of Korea University, a change symbolized by the adoption of red wine over the traditional rice wine. He started with the strengthening of educational competence by doubling the publication requirements required for faculty promotion and raising the ratio of the classes taught in English to 35% of all courses taught. He also ensured that core liberal arts classes are taught by full-time faculty and required every student except those in the Colleges of Engineering, Law, and Medicine to do a double major. He also showed a peculiar passion for building dormitories for Korea University students at the University of British Columbia in Canada and the University of London in the UK, signing academic exchange agreements with 172 universities overseas, and dispatching 60% of administration staff to the world's top 100 universities for training.[27] Korea University also expanded its international-level facilities. Starting with the Centennial Memorial Samsung Hall, it built many state-of-the-art buildings such as the Hwajung Gymnasium, Tiger Plaza, and Hana Square, and also expanded educational and cultural spaces.

International students[edit]

The overall number of international students is over 1,000 and rising.[28]

Research institutes[edit]

Campus[edit]

Seoul campus is divided into four subdivisions; Science and Engineering, Humanities and Social Sciences, Medicine and Life Sciences, and Jeongneung. It is located in the greater Seoul area that boasts a population of over 20 million. Within a five-minute walk from the campus are an array of restaurants, bars, shops, and even a famous Buddhist temple. It takes about 20 minutes from some buildings of main campus to some buildings of science or medical campus on foot.

  • Library System
  • University Museum - The first university museum in Korea, the museum contains over 100,000 pieces of data covering history, the study of antiquities, ethnology, and the arts.
  • Centennial Memorial Samsung Hall - Completed in commemoration of KU's centennial, the building houses both a digital library and a number of national treasure-level cultural properties.
  • LG-POSCO Hall - A new building for the Business School completed on a site of 14,122m² with funds of KRW 25 billion donated by companies and schoolfellows.
  • Lyceum
  • Central Square
  • Hana Square
  • CJ International House - A dormitory for visiting scholars and foreign professors and exchange students.
  • Tiger Dome - A multi-purpose sports complex of 18,182m², the gym was completed in 2006. With three floors above the ground and another three below.
  • Dongwon Hall
  • Korean Studies Hall - Established to teach the Korean language and promote Korean culture.
  • Chungsan-MK Culture Center - 6-story building opened in 2007 to encourage cultural exchanges between Korea and Japan and promote Japanese studies.
  • Ice Rink - Containing an Olympic-sized skating rink and the finest in facilities, the Ice Rink also functions as a training base for national athletes.
  • Media Hall - Building for students of the School of Media & Communication. Completed in August 2011 on a site of 11,663㎡. Contains various media facilities and studios that enable students to create media outputs.
  • International Center for Converging Technology- Built in August 2008 with a total floor area of 7,665㎡. Scientific technology research activities are supported by various facilities and equipment.
  • Green tract of land sports field - Established to play soccer or teach physical education.

Student activities[edit]

Clubs[edit]

  • Social Science: Philosophy village, The Wagon Wheel, Saram Saneun Saesang, Study Group of Culture, Working People, KUCC, Economics Institute of Current Events, UNSA (UN Student's Association ), Korean Modern History Research Association, Current Affairs & Economy Society, Korean Society Research Association, Korean Spirit Training, B&B
  • Exhibition and Creative Art: Institute of Arts Criticism, Our Literature Research Institute, KU Literature Association, Institute of Korean Painting Dolbit (KU Movie Critique Club), Geurim Madang (KU Cartoon Club), Keul mal literature Institute (KU poet's society), Hoyounghoi Jinbo Creative Literature Club, Seowha PAPCON
  • Social Studies: One, Two, Five (a campaign for the disabled), Red Cross Student's Association Rotarect (university federation public service club), Nadal Moeum (an agricultural club) Howoo Hwe (KU public service club), Eunwhawhe (a student association for night studies), Saebyok Kwangjang (a club for preserving the environment), KUSA
  • Art: Korea University Choir (former KU Glee Club), KU Nongak (Korean instrumental music of peasants), KU Orchestra We love Tal (Korean Traditional Mask), KU Wind Ensemble Noraeol Theater, Korean Classical Music Classic Guitar Club, KU choir, Crimson, KUDT, Geurootogi (an Acoustic Guitar Club), TTP, Bulas (Sports Dance), Korea University A capella Group LoGS
  • Religion: Won-Buddhism Student's Association, Every Nation Mission (ENM), Jeung San Do, Student Christian Association, Campus Crusade for Christ (CCC), Korean Christian Student's Union, Christ's Ambassador Mission (CAM) University Mission, Buddhist Student's Association, Joy Mission, Catholic Student's Association, Student For Christ (SFC), IVF
  • Language Studies: Nid d’amis (French Club), Dongsuchoi, KU Research Institute on Korean and Japanese Culture, S.I. S TIME, KU China Research Institute, E.C.S (English Conversation Researching Society), LECA (English Conversation Club), A.L.C
  • Life Culture: Leisure and recreation Research Association, Youth Hostel (Travelling Club), Ho-Jin Hwe (theatre appreciation and critique club), Scout / Ho-Dong Hwe (a club made by Japanese Koreans), Paduk Sarang Meeting (a club for people who play Korean checkers)
  • Sports: Fencing Club, Amateur Soccer team, Skin Scuba Diving, Korea University Amateur Baseball Club, KU Archery Club, Swimming Tiger's Club, Badminton / Ping-pong Club, Soobakdo
  • Literary Art: Norae Madang, Talpae Hanaldarae, KU Folk Music Band, Yeol Gu Rim, ICCUS, TERRA, Sun Hyang Jae, Darkroom
  • Science and Technology: KULS, KUERA, Amateur Astronomer's Club (KUAAA), Amateur Radio Association (HAM), Intelligent Robot Club (KAsimov)
  • Others: Honong-hoe, The Morning Dew, Breaking The Cell, Buddhist Student Society, Sunlight Village, Youth & Future, Korea University Extreme Sports Club (KESC)

Traditions[edit]

  • The Granite Tower Festival (Seoktap Daedongje)
  • April 18 Marathon
  • Ipselenti- Cry of "Ji Ya" (입실렌티) is a cheering festival that is held by Korea University's cheering squad on the last night of Seoktap Daedongje (Granite Tower University Festival). Students sing Korea University's cheering songs, dance along and enjoy. Celebrities are also invited to perform there. "Ipselenti" is part of Korea University's slogan that is used since Bosung College, and "Ji" and "Ya" means jiseong and yaseong (wisdom and wildness).
  • Yonsei-Korea Friendship Games

Presidents[edit]

The following is a list of presidents of Korea University.[29]

Principal Years as Principal Name of Institution; Notes
1 Shin Hae-Young 1905.5–1907.11 Bosung College
2 Yu Seong-Jun 1907.12–1908.1
3 Shin Hae-Young 1908.2–1909.1
4 Jung Young-Taek 1909.2–1910.6
5 Yun Ik-Seon 1910.7–1919.2 Korea under Japanese rule
6 Kim Sang-Ok 1919.3–1920.2
7 Ko Won-Hun 1920.3–1923.10
8 Huh Heon 1923.11–1925.7
9 Park Seung-Bin 1925.9–1920.2
10 Kim Seong-Su 1932.3–1935.4
11 Kim Yong-Mu 1935.6–1937.4
12 Kim Seong-Su 1937.5–1946.1
President
Years as President
Name of Institution; Notes
1 Hyeon Sang-Yun 1946.8–1950.10 Korea University; Ambassador to the United States[30]
2, 3, 4 Yu Jin-Oh 1952.9–1965.10
5 Lee Jong-Wu 1965.10–1970.9
6 Kim Sang-Hyeop 1970.10–1975.4
7 Cha Rak-Hun 1975.6–1977.6
8 Kim Sang-Hyeop 1977.8–1982.6
9 Kim Jun-Yeop 1982.7–1985.2 Once participated in an armed resistance(Gwangbok-gun) against the Empire of Japan.
10, 11 Lee Jun-Beom 1985.3–1989.7
12 Kim Hui-Jip 1990.6–1994.6
13 Hong Il-Sik 1994.6–1998.6
14 Kim Jung-Bae 1998.6–2002.6 President of the Academy of Korean Studies
15 Euh Yoon-Dae 2003.2–2006.12 Chairman of the Korean Academic Society of Business Administration[31]
Chairman of the KB Financial Group[32]
16 Lee Pil-Sang 2006.12–2007.2
17 Lee Ki-Su 2008.2–2011.2
18 Kim Byoung-Chul 2011.3–2015.2
19 Yeom Jae-Ho 2015.3–

Medical center[edit]

Korea University Anam Hospital
Korea University Guro Hospital

With the opening as Kyoung-sung Women's Medical College in 1938, the university's college of medicine was later renamed and annexed as Seoul Women's Medical College in 1948. Then, in 1967, it was renamed as Woosuk College of Medicine. Finally, the medical school merged with Korea University in 1971, and was officially renamed as Korea University College of Medicine. In 1983, the Korea University Medical Center(KUMC) was formed and its first director was inaugurated. Since then, KUMC has been performing the duties as a university hospital, such as education, research, patient care, and voluntary work in world-disaster areas as well as disadvantaged areas in South Korea. Korea University Medical Center is a comprehensive medical institution that includes three hospitals (Anam, Guro, and Ansan), the College of Medicine, three graduate schools, ten laboratories, and several specialized centers. It also has achieved the highest level of health care in the world by acquiring JCI certification, the second medical center in South Korea to do so.[33]

University scholarships[edit]

Korea University offers scholarships, fellowships and awards under the auspices of the Korea University Foundation, established in 1905.[34] Close to 245 institutional scholarships, totaling more than 11.5 billion won, are available to Korea University students. Almost 90 percent of the admitted international students are awarded Korea University Scholarships. Scholarships are established as either endowed or restricted, in accordance with the wishes of the donor. Scholarships are awarded to students based on criteria such as matriculation status, school and department affiliation, financial need, academic achievement, grade point average and expected graduation date.[35]

Rivalry with Yonsei University[edit]

The rivalry between Korea University and Yonsei University, the country's top two private schools, regularly gains national attention. There is an annual fall sports festival between the two universities. Since 1956, the annual Korea-Yonsei University Friendship Games has served as the most hotly contested collegiate rivalry in South Korea. Five events: Football, Rugby, Baseball, Basketball, and Ice Hockey are held every year.[36]

The history of the Yonsei-Korea rivalry: Yeonhee College, the forerunner of Yonsei University, and Boseong College, the forerunner of Korea University participated in the 5th Jeonbok . It was the confrontation between the soccer team of Boseong professional school and the soccer team of Yeonhee professional school in the semi-finals of the 8th Jeonbuk Soccer Contest held in Kyungsung Stadium in 1927,[6]

In 2012, out of the five sports, Korea University won three (baseball, basketball, soccer) and lost two (ice hockey, rugby). In 2014, out of the five sports, Korea University won all of them, the first time ever in history.

Notable people and alumni[edit]

17th president of South Korea, Lee Myung-Bak

In 2009, Korea University claimed approximately 280,000 living alumni.[37] Among the notable alumni of Korea University are prominent lawyers, physicians, engineers, researchers, Olympic athletes, and others who have gained both national and world fame in their respective fields. Korea University has especially produced many famous politicians, including the 10th President of the Republic of Korea, Lee Myung Bak, 20th Speaker of the Assembly , Chung Sye-kyun, and the 34th Mayor of Seoul, Oh Se-hoon. Also, a recent survey of South Korea's Fortune 500 companies revealed that Korea University has produced the greatest number of CEOs of these Fortune 500 companies.[38]

Location and public transit[edit]

Seoul Campus[edit]

The Seoul Campus of Korea University is located at the following bearings: 37°35′30″N 127°1′45″E / 37.59167°N 127.02917°E / 37.59167; 127.02917, which, when entered into Google Earth and viewed from a height of 2000m, will show the campus in its entirety.

Disputes[edit]

During 2019 Hong Kong protests, some students in Korea University has shown their support to Hong Kong. Nevertheless, in 14 November 2019, it was reported that a number of local students in Hanyang University and Korea University were attacked and beaten up by the students from China. The poster prepared by the Korean students were also destroyed. The dispute were extended to the internet. Some Korean students asked those students to go back to China if they were so patriotic.[39]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

 32. Korea University Fully funded Scholarships 2019. Korea University. Retrieved March 1, 2019.
  1. ^ "President of Korea University". Korea University. Retrieved March 1, 2019.
  2. ^ a b c d "About KU". Korea University. Retrieved August 16, 2019.
  3. ^ https://global.wustl.edu/mcdonnell-academy/. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  4. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-05-27. Retrieved 2009-11-12.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  5. ^ "인사말(Introduction)|고려대학교 경영대학". Retrieved 9 April 2018.
  6. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-04-22. Retrieved 2009-11-12.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  7. ^ https://kuruss.korea.ac.kr/kuruss/index.do
  8. ^ http://www.academyinfo.go.kr/UIPISA/uipnh/unt/ipsrch/UntUnvAcdtSrchPupTab01.do;JSESSIONID_UIPNH=mz7DYSsVD2dT207nrdQJLh9GxnsFM6JkyZX2lcg5bJDlmg8JM7Rq!-802772922
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  11. ^ U.S.News & World Report (2019). "Search Best Global Universities - US News Education". U.S. News & World Report LP. Retrieved July 20, 2019.
  12. ^ "QS Asian University Rankings". QS Quacquarelli Symonds Limited. 2019. Retrieved August 16, 2019.
  13. ^ "Times Higher Education Asia University Rankings". Times Higher Education. 2019. Retrieved August 16, 2019.
  14. ^ U.S.News & World Report (2019). "Best Global Universities in Asia - US News Education". U.S. News & World Report LP. Retrieved July 20, 2019.
  15. ^ "THE World University Rankings". Times Higher Education. 2020. Retrieved October 19, 2019.
  16. ^ "QS World University Rankings". QS Quacquarelli Symonds Limited. 2020. Retrieved August 16, 2019.
  17. ^ U.S.News & World Report (2019). "Best Global Universities - US News". U.S. News & World Report LP. Retrieved July 20, 2019.
  18. ^ "Academic Ranking of World Universities". Institute of Higher Education, Shanghai Jiao Tong University. 2019. Retrieved August 16, 2019.
  19. ^ "Korea University". 16 July 2015.
  20. ^ "QS World University Rankings® 2018". Top Universities. Retrieved 9 June 2017.
  21. ^ [1]. Top Universities
  22. ^ "Korea University Rankings". Top Universities. Retrieved 3 July 2015.
  23. ^ "제 58회 사법시험 합격자 배출 사립대 1위". Retrieved 8 April 2018.
  24. ^ (in Korean) [2] Archived 2007-09-28 at the Wayback Machine
  25. ^ [3] Archived June 18, 2009, at the Wayback Machine
  26. ^ http://rankings.ft.com/businessschoolrankings/executive-mba-ranking-2015. Retrieved 3 July 2015. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  27. ^ [4] Archived January 13, 2015, at the Wayback Machine
  28. ^ Global KU - Frontier Spirit Archived 2010-05-27 at the Wayback Machine. Korea.edu. Retrieved on 2010-10-19.
  29. ^ "고려대학교". Retrieved 3 July 2015.
  30. ^ 네이버 백과사전. 100.naver.com. Retrieved on 2010-10-19.
  31. ^ Korean Academic Society of Business Administration. 한국경영학회. kasba.or.kr (in Korean). Retrieved 2018-06-07.
  32. ^ KB금융지주. Kbfng.com (2009-01-22). Retrieved on 2010-10-19.
  33. ^ Korea University Anam Hospital Archived 2010-07-06 at the Wayback Machine. Anam.kumc.or.kr (2009-07-18). Retrieved on 2010-10-19.
  34. ^ 장학금안내 - 고려대학교 Global KU - Frontier Spirit!. Korea.ac.kr. Retrieved on 2010-10-19.
  35. ^ 성적,면학장학금 - 고려대학교 Global KU - Frontier Spirit!. Korea.ac.kr. Retrieved on 2010-10-19.
  36. ^ [5] Archived January 13, 2015, at the Wayback Machine
  37. ^ "고려대학교 교우회". Archived from the original on 8 June 2004. Retrieved 3 July 2015.
  38. ^ "500대 기업 총수 최대 學脈 '경복고-고려대 경영학'". Retrieved 3 July 2015.
  39. ^ "韓國學生挺港海報遭中國留學生撕毀 雙方爆衝突打成一團 - 國際 - 自由時報電子報". 自由電子報 (in Chinese). 2019-11-14. Retrieved 2019-11-14.

External links[edit]