|• Revised Romanization||Cheongju-si|
A front view of Sangdangsanseong
Location in South Korea
|Administrative divisions||4 gu 30 dong|
|• Total||940.3 km2 (363.1 sq mi)|
|Elevation||39 m (128 ft)|
|• Density||890/km2 (2,300/sq mi)|
|Area code(s)||(+82) 43-2xx|
Cheongju has been an important provincial town since ancient times.
During Hideyoshi's Invasions of Korea, Cheongju was the site of the Battle of Cheongju, during which the Korean forces re-took the city from the Japanese forces in an important early victory.
The government of the province relocated here from Chungju in 1908.
The opening of the Chungbuk-line in 1926 sparked regional development. In 1946, Cheongju and Cheongwon-gun were separated, and in 1949, Cheongju was upgraded to Cheongju City. Afterwards, it went through the separation of administrative dong and their transfer to Cheongwon-gun, with 2 branch offices (East and West) established in July 1989 that were upgraded to Sangdang-gu and Heungdeok-gu in January.
Geum River goes through the center of Cheongju city. Additionally, the tributaries of Musim and Miho flow together in the northern part of the city. To the east and west, there are the mountains of Wuam and Bumo. Musimcheon River also goes through the middle of Cheongju city.
Cheongju is a temperate zone, so there are four seasons.
|Climate data for Cheongju (1981–2010, extremes 1967–present)|
|Record high °C (°F)||15.6
|Average high °C (°F)||2.9
|Daily mean °C (°F)||−2.4
|Average low °C (°F)||−6.9
|Record low °C (°F)||−24.1
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||25.5
|Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm)||8.0||7.0||8.8||7.9||8.5||9.6||15.9||14.1||9.1||6.5||8.6||9.1||113.1|
|Average snowy days||9.6||5.6||3.1||0.1||0.0||0.0||0.0||0.0||0.0||0.1||2.1||7.7||28.3|
|Average relative humidity (%)||67.2||63.3||60.3||56.6||61.5||68.0||76.4||76.1||74.2||70.4||69.1||69.1||67.7|
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||164.0||171.1||200.2||222.7||234.1||195.5||153.1||178.3||177.5||200.0||158.2||158.0||2,212.6|
|Percent possible sunshine||53.1||55.9||54.0||56.6||53.5||44.6||34.3||42.5||47.6||57.3||51.5||52.4||49.7|
|Source: Korea Meteorological Administration (percent sunshine and snowy days)|
From 1 July 2014, Cheongju and Cheongwon County unified, and administrative districts were changed to the following:
- Heungdeok-gu (흥덕구; 興德區) West
Osong-eup, Gangnae-myeon, Oksan-myeon, Uncheon-dong, Sinbong-dong, Bokdae1-dong, Bokdae2-dong, Gakyeong-dong, Bongmyeong1-dong, Bongmyeong2-dong, Songjeong-dong, Gangseo1-dong, Gangseo2-dong, Ochang-eup
- Seowon-gu (서원구; 西原區) South
Nami-myeon, Hyeondo-myeon, Sajik1-dong, Sajik2-dong, Sachang-dong, Mochooung-dong, Sugok1-dong, Sugok2-dong, Sannam-dong, Bunpyeong-dong, Seonghwa-dong, Geasin-dong, Jookrim-dong
- Sangdang-gu (상당구; 上黨區) East
Nangseong-myeon, Miwon-myeon, Gaduk-myeon, Namil-myeon, Mooni-myeon, Joongang-dong, Seongan-dong, Top-dong, Deasung-dong, Yeongun-dong, Geumcheon-dong, Yongam-dong, Myeongam-dong, Sinsung-dong, Yongam1-dong, Yongam2-dong
- Cheongwon-gu (청원구; 淸原區) North
Nesoo-eup, Buki-myeon, Wooam-dong, Neduk1-dong, Neduk2-dong, Yoolang-dong, Sacheon-dong, Ogeunjang-dong, Ochang-eup
Government and infrastructure
The headquarters of the Ministry of Food and Drug Safety are located in the Osong Health Technology Administration Complex.
- Sangdangsanseong (Sangdang Mountain Fortress) lies on the slopes of Mt. Uam within the city limits. The fortress is mainly a 3-to-4-metre-tall (9.8–13.1-foot) wall that stretches over 4.2 kilometres (2.6 miles) in circumference. The present walls date to the 1716 restoration of the site. Within the walls lies a small tourist village that has several restaurants.
- Cheongju National Museum also lies near Mt. Uam, and houses several exhibits of cultural artifacts from the nearby area.
- Heungdeoksa Temple Site is the home to the Early Printing Museum, and is to be the site of the printing of Jikji, the oldest existent book printed using movable metal type. The museum itself contains exhibits related to the art of printing through the ages.
- Yongdusaji Cheoldanggan (The Iron Flagpole of the Yongdu Temple Site) is designated Korean National Treasure number 41, and is located near Lotte Department Store in downtown Cheongju. Made of twenty iron cylinders, the flagpole stands 13.1 metres (43.0 feet) tall, and was formerly used to hang flags to honour the Buddha
- National Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art – Cheongju (MMCA Cheongju) which is scheduled to open in December 2018, will be the first museum in Korea to open its conservation center to the general public. Notably, MMCA Cheongju is being constructed within a renovated tobacco factory, which once played a major role in Korea's modern industry. The new building has been especially designed to use energy more efficiently and thus reduce greenhouse gas emissions. As such, the new museum will be a high-profile example of a project combining elements of urban revitalization and historical preservation.
Cheongju International Airport provides scheduled flights within Korea and to China. The main train station is located at Ogeunjang approximately 8 km (5.0 mi) north of the city hall. This station is on the Chungbuk Line. Chengju Bus Terminal provides almost all of the bus lines to bus terminals located in other cities. Ticketing time is between 4:00 am and 11:40 pm. Cheongju Express Bus Terminal provides some bus lines for Seoul (Gangnam, Sangbong, South Seoul, East Seoul, Busan, East Deagu, Gwangju).
Cheongju is the site of several tertiary institutions, including:
- Cheongju National University of Education
- Cheongju University
- Chungbuk National University
- Chung Cheong University
- Korea Air Force Academy
- Korea National University of Education
- Seowon University
The Cheongju International Craft Biennale is usually held in September or October.
There is also the Osong Cosmetic and Beauty Expo.
Twin towns – sister cities
Notable people from Cheongju
- Cho Sung-dal (Hangul: 조성달), South Korean former footballer who competed in the 1964 Summer Olympics.
- Choi Eun-sil, (Hangul: 최은실) South Korean basketball player for Asan Woori Bank Wibee and the South Korean national team.
- Choi Ji-hyun (Hangul: 최지현), South Korean short track speed skater.
- Choi Soon-ho (Hangul: 최순호), South Korean football manager and former professional football player.
- C. S. Lee (Hangul: 이희희), Korean-American actor and comedian, known for his role as Vince Masuka on Showtime drama series Dexter.
- Lee Seung-hee (Hangul: 이승희), South Korean Ceramic artist.
- Ji Min-hyuk (Hangul: 지민혁), South Korean actor and model.
- Han Hyo-joo (Hangul: 한효주) South Korean film and television actress, model and singer.
- Lee Jin-wook (Hangul: 이진욱), South Korean actor.
- Na Young-seok (Hangul: 나영석), Television producer, Television director and youtuber, known for producing the popular variety-reality shows 2 Days & 1 Night, Grandpas Over Flowers, New Journey to the West, Three Meals a Day and several other TV shows.
- SinB (Real Name: Hwang Eun-bi, Hangul: 황은비), singer, rapper, dancer and K-pop idol, member of K-pop girlgroup GFRIEND.
- MoonBin (Real Name: Moon Bin, Hangul: 문빈), singer, dancer and K-pop idol, member of K-pop boygroup Astro.
- Q (Real Name: Ji Chang-min, Hangul: 지창민), singer, dancer and K-pop idol, member of K-pop boygroup The Boyz.
- CNU (Real Name: Shin Dong-woo, Hangul: singer-songwriter, rapper, dancer, model, actor and K-pop idol, member of K-pop boygroup B1A4.
- Nana (Real Name: Im Jin-ah, Hangul: 임진아), singer, dancer, actress, model and K-pop idol, member of K-pop girlgroup After School and its subgroups, Orange Caramel and AS RED (After School Red).
- Chuu (Real Name: Kim Ji-woo, Hangul: 김지우), singer, rapper, dancer, actress, and K-pop idol, member of K-pop girlgroup Loona and the sub-unit LOONA yyxy.
- Kim Lip (Real Name: Kim Jung-eun, Hangul: 김정은), singer, dancer, model and K-pop idol, member of K-pop girlgroup Loona and the sub-unit Loona Odd Eye Circle (LOONA ODD EYE CIRCLE).
- J.Seph (Real Name: Kim Tae-hyung, Hangul: 김태형), singer, rapper, dancer and K-pop idol, member of K-pop Co-ed group Kard.
- Naeun (Real Name: Lee Na-eun, Hangul: 이나은), singer, dancer, actress and K-pop idol, member of K-pop girlgroup April.
- Hoyoung (Real Name: Bae Ho-young, Hangul: 배호영), singer, rapper and K-pop idol, member of K-pop boygroup Verivery.
- Shin Won (Real Name: Ko Shin-won, Hangul: 고신원), singer, dancer and K-pop idol, member of K-pop boygroup Pentagon.
- Hyosung (Real Name: Jun Hyo-seong, Hangul: 전효성), singer, dancer, MC, actress and K-pop idol, former leader and member of K-pop girlgroup Secret.
- Seunghun (Real Name: Kim Seung-hun, Hangul: 김승훈), singer, dancer and K-pop idol, member of K-pop boygroup CIX.
- Jooyoung (Real Name: Kim Joo-young, Hangul: 김주영), singer-songwriter.
- Kassy (Real Name: Kim So-yeon, Hangul: 김소연), singer and rapper.
- Park Jae-seok (Hangul: 박재석), singer, dancer and K-pop idol, former member of K-pop boygroup Golden Child.
- Lee Yi-kyung (Hangul: 이이경), actor, model and MC.
- Yeondu (Real Name: Lee Yeonju, Hangul: 이연주), singer, rapper and K-pop idol, former leader and member of K-pop girlgroup Delight.
- Suah (Real Name: Lim Su-ah, Hangul: 임수아), singer and K-pop idol, member of K-pop girlgroup S2.
- Kid (Real Name: Kim Junhoe, Hangul: 김준회), singer, dancer, and K-pop idol, leader and member of K-pop boygroup Varsity.
- Chorong (Real Name: Park Cho-rong, Hangul: 박초롱), singer-songwriter, rapper, dancer, actress, model, MC and K-pop idol, leader and member of K-pop girlgroup Apink.
- Jiae (Real Name: Kim Ji-ae, Hangul: 김지애), singer, dancer, model and K-pop idol, former member of K-pop girlgroup WA$$UP.
- Yujin (Real Name: An Yu-jin, Hangul: 안유진), singer, rapper, dancer, model, MC and K-pop/J-Pop idol, member of K-pop/J-Pop girlgroup Iz*One.
- Dalyn (Real Name: Lee So-hyun, Hangul: 이소현), rapper, dancer and K-pop idol, member of K-pop girlgroup ANS (AngelNSoul).
- Jun-Kyu (Real Name: Kim Jun-Kyu, Hangul: 김준규), singer-songwriter, dancer, and K-pop idol, member of K-pop boygroup TREASURE(트레저).
- * Welcome to Cheongju-Si Homepage * Archived 23 June 2006 at the Wayback Machine
- 평년값자료(1981-2010) 청주(131) (in Korean). Korea Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 21 December 2016.
- 기후자료 극값(최대값) 전체년도 일최고기온 (℃) 최고순위, 청주(131) (in Korean). Korea Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 21 December 2016.
- 기후자료 극값(최대값) 전체년도 일최저기온 (℃) 최고순위, 청주(131) (in Korean). Korea Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 21 December 2016.
- "Climatological Normals of Korea" (PDF). Korea Meteorological Administration. 2011. p. 499 and 649. Archived from the original (PDF) on 7 December 2016. Retrieved 21 December 2016.
- 청원청주통합 홍보안내. 3 May 2014. Archived from the original on 3 May 2014.
- http://okcj.org/wp/%7CCheongju[permanent dead link] International public website
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 25 March 2014. Retrieved 25 March 2014.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "Cheongju Sister Cities: Tottori city, Japan". Cheongju City. Retrieved 12 January 2017.
- "Cheongju Sister Cities: Wuhan city, China". Cheongju City. Retrieved 12 January 2017.
- "Cheongju Sister Cities: Bellingham city, U.S". Cheongju City. Retrieved 12 January 2017.
- "Our Sister Cities". Bellingham Sister Cities Association. Retrieved 20 January 2015.
- "Interactive City Directory". Sister Cities International. Archived from the original on 21 January 2015.
- Города-побратимы Ростова-на-Дону (in Russian). Official site Administration of the city of Rostov-on-Don.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Cheongju.|
- "2015년 인구주택총조사 전수집계결과 보도자료" [2015 Population and Housing Census]. Statistics Korea.