L'Albère

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L’Albère
The hamlet of Saint-Jean seen from the trail leading to the dolmen of Balma de Na Cristiana
The hamlet of Saint-Jean seen from the trail leading to the dolmen of Balma de Na Cristiana
L’Albère is located in France
L’Albère
L’Albère
Coordinates: 42°29′01″N 2°53′41″E / 42.4836°N 2.8947°E / 42.4836; 2.8947Coordinates: 42°29′01″N 2°53′41″E / 42.4836°N 2.8947°E / 42.4836; 2.8947
Country France
Region Occitanie
Department Pyrénées-Orientales
Arrondissement Céret
Canton Vallespir-Albères
Intercommunality Communauté de communes du Vallespir
Government
 • Mayor (2014-2020) Marc de Besombes-Singla
Area1 17.10 km2 (6.60 sq mi)
Population (2012)2 82
 • Density 4.8/km2 (12/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
INSEE/Postal code 66001 /66480
Elevation 266–1,116 m (873–3,661 ft)
(avg. 532 m or 1,745 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

L'Albère (Catalan: L'Albera) is a commune in the Pyrénées-Orientales department in southern France.

Geography[edit]

Localisation[edit]

L'Albère is located in the canton of Vallespir-Albères and in the arrondissement of Céret.

Map of L'Albère and its surrounding communes

Neighbouring communes[edit]

Toponymy[edit]

The name of L'Albère is clearly issued from the Albera Massif in which it is located. Although always plural in French (Albères) concerning the mountain range, the name remains singular through the ages (L'Albère) for the commune. On the contrary, in Catalan, the name has always been singular for both the mountain (Serra de l'Albera) and the place (L'Albera).[1] · [2]

History[edit]

Early settlements of population growed near the two primitive churches : Saint Martin, already named in 844 (cella Sancti Martini de Monte Furcato) and Saint John, known since 1089 (ecclesiae Sancti Ioannis de Albera). The hamlets of Saint Martin and Saint John both still exist nowadays, each with its church.[3]

Government and politics[edit]

Canton[edit]

In 1790, the commune of L'Albère is included into the canton of Argelès, then part of the Céret district. It is moved to the canton of Laroque in 1793 and back to the canton of Argelès in 1801, before being finally included in the canton of Céret in 1947.[4] Following the French canton reorganisation which came into effect in March 2015, L'Albère is now part of the canton of Vallespir-Albères.[5]

Mayors[edit]

Mayor[6] Term start Term end
Justin de Besombes-Singla 1904 1934
Antoine de Besombes-Singla 1935 1971
Pierre de Besombes-Singla 1971 2013
Marc de Besombes-Singla 2013

Population and society[edit]

Demography[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1962 60 —    
1968 61 +1.7%
1975 62 +1.6%
1982 50 −19.4%
1990 54 +8.0%
1999 69 +27.8%
2006 70 +1.4%
2009 83 +18.6%

Education[edit]

There is no school in L'Albère. The nearest is in Le Perthus.

Events[edit]

  • Patronal feast : 5 August.
  • Communal feast : 2nd Sunday of August.

Health[edit]

There are no doctors in L'Albère. The nearest are in Le Perthus.

Sports[edit]

L'Albère has several climbing sites.

Sites of interest[edit]

Church Saint-Martin
  • Balma de Na Cristiana : a large dolmen.
  • Saint-John Church
  • Saint-Martin Church
  • Saint-Christopher chapel

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ (French) (Catalan) Lluís Basseda, Toponymie historique de Catalunya Nord, t. 1, Prades, Revista Terra Nostra, 1990
  2. ^ (French) (Catalan) Institut d’Estudis Catalans, Université de Perpignan, Nomenclàtor toponímic de la Catalunya del Nord, Barcelona, 2007
  3. ^ (French) Jean Sagnes (dir.), Le pays catalan, t. 2, Pau, Société nouvelle d'éditions régionales, 1985
  4. ^ Jean-Pierre Pélissier, Paroisses et communes de France : dictionnaire d'histoire administrative et démographique, vol. 66 : Pyrénées-Orientales, Paris, CNRS, 1986
  5. ^ Légifrance, Décret n°2014-262 du 26 février 2014 portant délimitation des cantons dans le département des Pyrénées-Orientales.
  6. ^ MairesGenWeb