LaVonne Salleé (born January 18, 1946) is an American artist who has won international and national awards in juried shows. Like many conceptual artists, she uses materials not usually perceived as artistic in nature; her assemblage are based on the phenomenal cultural American icon of Barbie the fashion doll. She then uses found object methods and a variety of craft skills to accrue her pieces of recycled art.
Background and early life
Salleé was born in Roswell, New Mexico on January 18, 1946. Her father was a cartoonist who worked for Walt Disney; her mother was a seamstress who also worked as waitstaff. They were divorced when Salleé was four. Salleé's mother would subsequently remarry; this short marriage would result in two more daughters, who were separated from the family after the divorce.
Salleé grew up with no particular attachment to Barbie; she did not even own one while growing up. She was also a bit of a tomboy. Salleé did not settle anywhere for a long period; by age 25, she had lived in 35 different places in four states and attended nine schools.
As an adult, Salleé became a successful bank teller. However, she began to develop medical problems; from about 1993 onwards, she was plagued by fibromyalgia as well as some ill effects of menopause. By the time of her early retirement, she had over 25 years expertise in the field of bank fraud investigation. Her retirement at age 55 was caused by the debilitating effects of the fibromyalgia. Although unable to be employed, she wished to remain active.
Career as an artist
Salleé's first artistic creations were in fabric arts, where she used a technique she dubbed "Fabricollage" to fabricate portraits and pictures from scraps of cloth glued together. Besides works of fabric art, she also created beadwork, as well as doll clothing and accessories. Salleé segued into altering Barbies after constructing a series of unique mermaids.
Salleé then turned to altering Barbies as her medium in 2006, when she first saw them in an art gallery on Market Street in San Francisco. In the altered Barbie movement, Barbie is "...a kind of three-dimensional blank canvas that allows artists to display their reverence, humor or biting satire." Salleé was at first hesitant to venture into altering Barbies, as Mattel has a history of legal action against parodists. In Salleé's specific case, she stated her motivation as, "I can do just about anything I think of with a Barbie. With any other medium, it just gets boring." Her re-creations of Barbie usually feature satiric commentary on social mores and political trends; the "wickedly funny" pieces often flaunt a dark humor that not everyone appreciates.
As part of her creative process, Salleé re-sculpts Barbies, which takes expertise developed through systematic trial and error because Mattel manufactured Barbies in varying formulations of plastic. Salleé also uses her skills as carpenter, fashion designer, and craftsperson to alter the Barbies in her dioramas. The constituents of her dioramas and sculptures come from garage sales, flea markets, and thrift stores.
While Salleé's creations sometimes feature passive Barbies being "Barbie-Q-ed", turned into chess pieces, or the like, they also fight monsters, engage in kinky rituals, or are transmogrified into hybrid beings such as centaurs, insects, or trees. They include Barbie's Last Sleepover, a restaging of da Vinci's The Last Supper, as well as showing Barbie as a pregnant Virgin Mary, or as Mary comforting a dying Christ figure. However, even more than religious references, Barbie's nudity seems to provoke strong responses from viewers. Salleé's penchant for adding nipples to bare-chested Barbies riles some people. As Salleé remarks, "Nipples are my specialty...I can give her a beautiful set of nipples. She likes that." Salleé has also denoted her critics' attitude as, "Heaven forbid that Barbie should have nipples." Salleé is adamant that she does not create pornographic Barbies; indeed, she insists she is not into defaming Barbie. As a result of the controversy, Salleé's lease on her studio contains a provision forbidding display of her religious-themed or nude creations in a manner that would be visible from outside the shop.
In 2007, at the National Barbie Doll Convention, Salleé entered nine of her works in the altered Barbie juried show. One was rejected as "too distasteful"; the other eight all won prizes, including three first place ribbons. She then moved from San Francisco to Vallejo, California to open her One of a Kind Barbies gallery to display her work.
Lavonne Salleé has altered over 250 Barbies to date; they have been acquired by collectors both nationally and worldwide, from patrons as far-flung as Australia, Canada, and New Zealand. Her activities have widened to include offering workshops in Barbie alteration to other aspiring artists.
Notable awards and exhibitions
- Three first place ribbons, two seconds, two thirds, and an honorable mention at the National Barbie Doll Convention, Dallas, Texas, July 2007
- Two first place ribbons, two seconds, and two thirds at the International Fashion Doll Convention 2008, Las Vegas, Nevada, July 2008
- Exhibited at Fort Gallery, Oakland, California as part of Artcycle, from June 6 to June 27, 2008
- Salleé, LaVonne. "Artist Bio". AlteredBarbie.com. Retrieved 2010-12-19.
- Rohrs, Sarah (2010-02-06). "Sallee makes one-of-a-kind creations using Barbie dolls". Vallejo Times-Herald.
- Modenessi, Jennifer (2009-09-09). "Inside the world of altered Barbie dolls". Contra Costa Times.
- Cadelago, Chris (2008-08-03). "The sixth annual Altered Barbie art show". San Francisco Chronicle Datebook. San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved 2010-12-19.
- Raskin-Zrihen, Rachel (2010-01-12). "Artist hopes naked Barbie art is welcome in new Vallejo location". The Mercury News.
- Hamlin, Brian (2010-09-26). "Is this any way to treat a Barbie doll? You decide...". TheReporter.com. Missing or empty
- ""Barbie" undergoes artsy makeover in San Francisco". Reuters. 2008-08-13. Retrieved 2010-12-19.
- "ARTCYCLE" (Press release). Whitehot Magazine. 2008-06-26. Retrieved 2010-12-19.
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- http://alteredbarbie.com/ offers entre to the altered Barbie movement
- http://spunkyasfuck.blogspot.com/2010/03/lavonne-sallees-barbie-art.html illustrates nine more pieces by the artist
- http://ifitshipitshere.blogspot.com/2009/10/barbie-gone-bad-works-from-7th-annual.html contains several other pieces by the artist
- http://www.fearnet.com/news/b15135_friday_freaky_sht_find_barbie_more.html shows seven of the more horrifying Barbie installations by Salleé
- https://web.archive.org/web/20110717011654/http://www.theluxuryspot.com/2010/11/10/one-of-a-kind-barbie-dolls-for-naughty-kids/comment-page-1/ has photos of six of Salleé's creations
- http://www.trendhunter.com/photos/70209 shows a piece by the artist
- http://www.sfgate.com/cgi-bin/object/article?o=8&f=/c/a/2008/08/03/PK9U11TUM8.DTL shows Barbie bearing a cross
- http://www.flashglamtrash.com/post.php?id=2980 shows a bulimic Barbie by Salleé
- https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=G8U1jESsY8A has an interview of the artist from 1:08 to 2:08
- https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=B_y51K5Y73E gives superficial coverage of fifth annual Altered Barbie Show in San Francisco