La Clayette

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La Clayette
The Château de La Clayette as seen from the Place des Fossés
The Château de La Clayette as seen from the Place des Fossés
Coat of arms of La Clayette
Location of La Clayette
La Clayette is located in France
La Clayette
La Clayette
La Clayette is located in Bourgogne-Franche-Comté
La Clayette
La Clayette
Coordinates: 46°17′26″N 4°18′20″E / 46.2906°N 4.3056°E / 46.2906; 4.3056Coordinates: 46°17′26″N 4°18′20″E / 46.2906°N 4.3056°E / 46.2906; 4.3056
CountryFrance
RegionBourgogne-Franche-Comté
DepartmentSaône-et-Loire
ArrondissementCharolles
CantonChauffailles
IntercommunalityLa Clayette Chauffailles en Brionnais
Government
 • Mayor (2020–2026) Christian Lavenir[1]
Area
1
3.12 km2 (1.20 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2019)[2]
1,637
 • Density520/km2 (1,400/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
71133 /71800
Elevation336–437 m (1,102–1,434 ft)
(avg. 385 m or 1,263 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

La Clayette (French pronunciation: ​[la.klɛt][3]) is a commune in the east-central French department of Saône-et-Loire, in the region of Bourgogne-Franche-Comté.

Geography[edit]

La Clayette is situated in the southernmost part of Burgundy, north of the historical province of Beaujolais. It belongs to an area designated since 2004 as the Pays Charolais-Brionnais (Charolais-Brionnais region).[4] As the cradle of the renowned Charolais cattle, the region is an applicant for the UNESCO's label as World Heritage Site to preserve, consolidate and transmit this resource.[5][6]

Access[edit]

  • By road: the town is situated at the crossroads of the routes D985 and D987, 40 km (25 miles) from Roanne, 60 km (37 miles) from Mâcon, 90 km (56 miles) from Lyon and 100 km (62 miles) from Moulins.
  • By rail: La Clayette-Baudemont station is situated on the line from Lyon to Paray-le-Monial. Travel time to Lyon is 1 hour, 20 minutes.
  • By plane: Saint-Yan Airport, also known as Charolais Bourgogne Sud Airport, is located about 30 kilometers (18 miles) northwest of La Clayette. The nearest international airport is Lyon–Saint Exupéry Airport.

History[edit]

  • 1435 : Creation of the borough of La Clayette by the Chantemerle family
  • 1437 : Creation of the fairs
  • 1450 : Creation of the markets
  • 1632 : Alice de Chantemerle, last descendant of the family of the same name, founded by will the convent of the Minimes, the building which is now the Mairie (Town Hall).
  • Until the French Revolution, La Clayette was governed from Varennes-sous-Dun.

Demography[edit]

Historical population of La Clayette
(Source: INSEE[7])
Year19681975198219901999200720122017
Population25302845266923072069191917851656

The La Clayette urban area has a population of about 3,200.[8]

Places and monuments[edit]

Château de La Clayette[edit]

Château de La Clayette

Dating back to the 14th century, the Château de La Clayette is partly surrounded by a water-filled moat. It was expanded to its current size in the 19th century and is now a listed historical monument.[9]

Chapelle Sainte-Avoye[edit]

Chapelle Sainte-Avoye

The construction of Sainte-Avoye's chapel, in the flamboyant gothic style, was due to Louis de Chantemerle in the 15th century.

Notre-Dame de l'Assomption[edit]

Notre-Dame de l'Assomption

Notre-Dame de l'Assomption (English: The Assumption of Our Lady's Church) is a Catholic Church designed by the French architect Pinchard. Construction began in 1889 and was completed in 1894.

Place des Fossés[edit]

The Place des Fossés is a square located in the heart of La Clayette. A fountain was added in 2014.

Twin towns – sister cities[edit]

Tourism[edit]

In Bourgogne-Franche-Comté:

In Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes:

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Répertoire national des élus: les maires". data.gouv.fr, Plateforme ouverte des données publiques françaises (in French). 2 December 2020.
  2. ^ "Populations légales 2019". The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies. 29 December 2021.
  3. ^ Jean-Marie Pierret, Phonétique historique du français et notions de phonétique générale, Peeters, Louvain-la-Neuve, 1994, p. 104.
  4. ^ http://www.charolais-brionnais.fr/
  5. ^ "Histoire du Charolais - La Maison du Charolais". www.maison-charolais.com. Archived from the original on 2013-11-25.
  6. ^ "Notre candidature - Pays Charolais-brionnais". www.charolais-brionnais.fr. Archived from the original on 2014-07-10.
  7. ^ Population en historique depuis 1968, INSEE
  8. ^ Comparateur de territoire: Aire urbaine de la Clayette (711), INSEE
  9. ^ "Château de la Clayette".
  10. ^ "The Righteous Among the Nations".