Lake Purrumbete

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Lake Purrumbete
Lake Purrumbete is located in Victoria
Lake Purrumbete
Lake Purrumbete
Location in Victoria
LocationWestern District, Victoria
Coordinates38°16′50″S 143°13′50″E / 38.28056°S 143.23056°E / -38.28056; 143.23056Coordinates: 38°16′50″S 143°13′50″E / 38.28056°S 143.23056°E / -38.28056; 143.23056[1]
TypeVolcanic lake
Basin countriesAustralia
Max. length2.82 km (1.75 mi)
Max. width2.66 km (1.65 mi)
Surface area552 ha (1,360 acres)
Average depth45 m (148 ft)
Max. depth60 m (200 ft)
Surface elevation149 m (489 ft)[2]

Lake Purrumbete is a volcanic lake located in the Western District of Victoria, Australia. Lake Purrumbete is approximately 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) east of the town of Camperdown. The lake is in a shallow maar. The water is crystal clear most times of the year as the lake relies totally on its own catchment.

Recreational activities[edit]

Lake Purrumbete is a prime destination for anglers chasing chinook salmon and rainbow and brown trout. The banks are heavily weeded at places, but the depth drops sharply once away from the bank, it can get more than 60 metres (200 ft) deep. There are heavy-duty boat ramps and jetties at the caravan park.[3]

The Lake Purrumbete Caravan Park has cabins, ice, public toilets, mooring facilities, jetties, fish cleaning facilities, day parking and a dual lane concrete boat ramp. The park is on the foreshore at the lake’s southern end.[4]

Formation[edit]

Lake Purrumbete is a maar that originated about 20,000 years ago in the east of Camperdown in the state of Victoria in Australia. The maar is located in a volcanic landscape, which geologists call Newer Volcanics Province. The lake is a 45 m deep maar with a diameter of 2.5 km. It was caused by a volcanic eruption when glowing lava came in contact with groundwater.

In Australia, most of the Maars are in the southern part of Victoria's Western District, of which more than 30 are between Colac and Warrnambool. Lake Purrumbete and the Maar Tower Hill are well-known examples. Lake Purrumbete, Lake Bullen Merri and Lake Gnotuk are small maars that are fed by groundwater. The larger lakes, such as Lake Colongulac and Lake Corangamite, Victoria's largest lake, were formed in large lowlands as streams were shut off by lava flows and filled with water. [5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Lake Purrumbete". Vicnames. Government of Victoria. 2 May 1966. Retrieved 4 June 2014.
  2. ^ getamap.net, at http://www.getamap.net/maps/australia/victoria/_purrumbete_lake/ .
  3. ^ http://www.sweetwaterfishing.com.au/Purrumbete.htm
  4. ^ http://www.exploreaustralia.net.au/Victoria/South-West-Coast/Lake-Purrumbete/Lake-Purrumbete-Caravan-Park#
  5. ^ Hochspringen published by sydney.edu.au : Volcanic landforms in the Camperdown area of Victoria , 28/01/2012