Lakeland Terrier

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Lakeland Terrier
Lakeland Terrier.jpg
Black and tan Lakeland Terrier
OriginUnited Kingdom (England)
Kennel club standards
FCI standard
Dog (domestic dog)

The Lakeland Terrier is a dog breed, which takes its name from its place of origin,[1] the Lake District in England. The dog is a small to mid-size member of the Terrier family. While independent in personality, it interacts well with owners and all family members,[2] and is mostly hypo-allergenic (non shedding).[3] In the United Kingdom, the Lakeland Terrier is considered a vulnerable dog breed at risk of going extinct through low levels of breeding, according to The Kennel Club.[4] In the United States, the Lakeland Terrier ranked 148 out of 193 breeds by number of American Kennel Club puppy registrations in 2019.[5]

Description[edit]

Appearance[edit]

At 15–17 lb (7–8 kg), the Lakeland Terrier is the smallest of the long legged, black and tan terriers.[2] It is similar in appearance to the slightly larger Welsh Terrier but is finer-boned.[2] The largest of the threesome in this similar group of Terriers is the Airedale.[2] The Lakeland is a sturdy dog,[6] compact, free moving and able to cover ground with little effort and much quickness.[2] The dog is relatively narrow in the chest and has a broad muzzle, yet slightly narrower than the Welsh Terrier, with small, V-shaped ears.[2] The Lakeland breed has a thick bushy wiry outer coat and a soft undercoat.[6] It comes in a variety of colors. The Kennel Club lists the following as acceptable colors: black and tan, blue and tan, red, wheaten, red grizzle, liver, blue or black.[6] Lakeland Terriers have an upright tail, which was previously customarily docked in the United Kingdom[6] and continues to be customarily docked in the United States.[7] Most Lakeland Terriers grow to between 13.5 and 15 inches (34 and 38 cm) in height, measured to the withers.[8]

Grizzle and tan Lakeland Terrier

The eyes are small and dark colored and of oval shape.[2] The nose and pads of the feet are black except in liver colored dogs where the nose and pad coloring will be liver colored.[2] Liver colored dogs will have a slightly lighter colored eye.[2] The dog will not shed if properly groomed.[9] It is suggested that "[r]egular stripping and trimming improves the texture and quality of the coat" and is "necessary to enhance the dog's utilitarian purposes" as well as "enhancing him for the show ring".[10]

Temperament[edit]

The dogs are friendly, bold, and confident.[3] Shyness is very atypical, as is aggressiveness.[2] Very intelligent and independent minded, they are quick to learn and easy to train, though Lakelands often exhibit "selective deafness" when their interest level is aroused.[2] The Lakeland is quite receptive to crate training.[2] As with most terriers, the Lakeland is energetic; daily exercise and playtimes are a must, lest this active dog seek other outlets for their energy, with undesirable results for the owner.[2]

History[edit]

Hughie, a Lakeland of the Junior Earthdog Class

As one of the earliest Terriers (Latin derivation of earth), dating from the 1700s, this "earth" dog is a descendant of the old English Black and Tan and Fell Terriers.[2] The Lakeland's original service was "going to ground" on the farm in hunt for vermin. Its size and energy make it popular as a hunter in hard to reach places; the breed is among those eligible for competition in sanctioned Earthdog trials.

The working dog version of the Lakeland is often known as the Fell Terrier or Patterdale Terrier. Whereas most terrier breeds have only to bolt their quarry, or to mark it by baying, the Lakeland must be able to kill the foxes in their lair.[2]

In the Lake District of England, the mountainous, rocky terrain is unsuitable for fox hunting on horseback, and foxes were hunted on foot.[2] It has been suggested that the Lakeland Terrier's great stamina derives from running all day with the hounds, unlike his close cousin, the fox terrier, who would have been carried in a saddle bag to be released only when the fox had gone to earth.[2]

The UK Kennel Club claims to have recognised Lakeland Terriers in 1921,[3] whereas the Lakeland Terrier Club suggests this was closer to 1928.[1] The Lakeland Terrier Association (now defunct) was founded in 1921.[1] In 1925 the breed attained homogeneity following a cross-breeding with the Fox Terrier and the Airedale Terrier.[2] The Lakeland Terrier Club was founded in 1932[1] and promoted the breed nationally[1] through Kennel-Club sanctioned shows.[2] The American Kennel Club recognised the breed in 1934.[11] Lakeland Terriers have twice won Best in Show at Crufts[12] and at Westminster Kennel Club Dog Show.[13]

Famous Lakelands[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Lakeland Terrier Club Archived 2012-03-12 at the Wayback Machine Origin and history
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s Alderton, David (1993). Dogs, p.214. Dorling Kindersley. ISBN 1-56458-176-4.
  3. ^ a b c The Kennel Club Breed Information Centre, Lakeland Terrier
  4. ^ "Vulnerable native breeds". www.thekennelclub.org.uk.
  5. ^ "The Most Popular Dog Breeds of 2019". American Kennel Club. Retrieved 10 November 2020.
  6. ^ a b c d "Lakeland Terrier Breed Standard". The Kennel Club.
  7. ^ "Lakeland Terrier Breed Standard". United States Lakeland Terrier Club.
  8. ^ "Profile of the Lakeland Terrier". Lakeland Terrier Club. Archived from the original on 12 March 2012.
  9. ^ Peters, Patricia. "Grooming the Pet Lakeland". United States Lakeland Terrier Club. Archived from the original on 18 February 2009.
  10. ^ Peters, Patricia. "Grooming for the Show Ring". United States Lakeland Terrier Club. Archived from the original on 21 February 2012.
  11. ^ "Breeds by Year Recognized". American Kennel Club.
  12. ^ "Past and Present Winners". Crufts.
  13. ^ "Best in Show Winners". Westminster Kennel Club.
  14. ^ Punter, Ron (2007), "The Lakeland Terrier Ch Stingray of Derryabah 40 years ago first dog to win BIS at both Crufts and Westminster", archived from the original on 7 September 2015, retrieved 4 April 2014
  15. ^ Green, Ranny (9 February 1997), "Schnauzer, Dobe Lead Way At Westminster", The Seattle Times, retrieved 4 April 2014
  16. ^ Pet Shop Boys Official Site Pet Texts, 21 April 2007

External links[edit]