Lakenvelder

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Lakenvelder
Lakenfelder Hahn (39875425572).jpg
Conservation statusGEH, Germany: III, endangered
Other namesGerman: Lakenfelder
Country of originGermany
Useeggs
Traits
Weight
  • Male: up to 2.5 kg[1]
  • Female: up to 2 kg[1]
Skin colourwhite
Egg colourwhite to tinted
Comb typesingle, 5-pointed[2]:58
Classification
APAContinental[3]
PCGBrare soft feather: light[4]

The Lakenvelder /ˈlɑːkənvɛldər/ or Lakenfelder is a breed of domestic chicken from the Nordrhein-Westfalen area of Germany and neighbouring areas of the Netherlands. It was first recorded in 1727.[5]

History[edit]

The origins of the Lakenvelder are not clear.[6]. Two different histories are proposed: it may have originated in Holland, where it is documented from 1727, and its name may derive from that of the village of Lakerveld, in the municipality of Zederik in South Holland.[7] An alternative history is that it originated in Germany in the area of Dielingen in Nordrhein-Westfalen, not far from the Dümmer See, where chickens with a black neck and tail and a white body occurred as sports of the local Westfälischer Totleger breed; these black-and-white birds were selectively bred by several breeders, and were first shown in 1835 by one named Wirz, from Haldem [de] in Stemwede.[7][8] They came to be known as Lakenvelder, and enjoyed considerable popularity until the arrival in the later nineteenth century of more productive imported breeds such as the Leghorn, after which numbers declined rapidly.[7]

In Germany, a breeders' association, the Vereinigung der Lakenfelder Züchter, was formed in Hanover in 1907.[8]

The Lakenvelder was first imported into Britain in 1901, and was shown in Shrewsbury in 1902.[5] In the United States, it was admitted to the Standard of Perfection of the American Poultry Association in 1939.[2]:57[3]

The international conservation status of the Lakenvelder was not listed as being at risk by the FAO in 2007;[9]:152 in Germany, it is listed in category III, gefährdet ("extremely endangered") on the Rote Liste of the Gesellschaft zur Erhaltung alter und gefährdeter Haustierrassen.[10]

Characteristics[edit]

The head, neck hackle and tail of the Lakenvelder are solid black, without spots, ticks or stripes; the inner web of the wing primaries and secondaries is black. The rest of the bird is white with a pale blue-grey under-colour. The black-and-white pattern is reminiscent of the colouring of the Lakenvelder breed of cattle, which originated in the same area.[5]

The eyes are bright chestnut or red, the beak dark horn, and the face, wattles and comb bright red, with white earlobes. The legs are slate-blue.[5]

Use[edit]

The Lakenvelder lays up to 160 white eggs, weighing up to 50 g each, per year.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Rote Liste: Einheimische Nutztierrassen in Deutschland 2013 (in German). Bundesanstalt für Landwirtschaft und Ernährung. Archived 1 February 2014.
  2. ^ a b Carol Ekarius (2007). Storey's Illustrated Guide to Poultry Breeds. North Adams, Massachusetts: Storey Publishing. ISBN 9781580176675. p. 57–58.
  3. ^ a b APA Recognized Breeds and Varieties: As of January 1, 2012. American Poultry Association. Archived 4 November 2017.
  4. ^ Breed Classification. Poultry Club of Great Britain. Accessed August 2014.
  5. ^ a b c d Victoria Roberts (2008). British poultry standards: complete specifications and judging points of all standardized breeds and varieties of poultry as compiled by the specialist breed clubs and recognised by the Poultry Club of Great Britain. Oxford: Blackwell. ISBN 9781405156424. p. 159–160.
  6. ^ Lakenfelder (in German). Gesellschaft zur Erhaltung alter und gefährdeter Haustierrassen. Archived 17 April 2001.
  7. ^ a b c Ruud Kreton (June 2007). Lakenvelder. Aviculture Europe 3 (3): section 4.
  8. ^ a b Lakenfelder (in German). Gesellschaft zur Erhaltung alter und gefährdeter Haustierrassen. Accessed September 2018.
  9. ^ Barbara Rischkowsky, D. Pilling (eds.) (2007). List of breeds documented in the Global Databank for Animal Genetic Resources, annex to The State of the World's Animal Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture. Rome: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. ISBN 9789251057629. Accessed January 2017.
  10. ^ Liste alter einheimischer Geflügelrassen in Deutschland (in German). Gesellschaft zur Erhaltung alter und gefährdeter Haustierrassen. Accessed September 2018.