Barbarea verna

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Land cress
Barbarea verna BB-1913.jpg
Scientific classification
B. verna
Binomial name
Barbarea verna
  • Barbarea australis Jord.
  • Barbarea brevistyla Jord.
  • Barbarea erysimoides Schur
  • Barbarea longisiliqua Jord.
  • Barbarea patula Fr.
  • Barbarea praecox (Sm.) R.Br.
  • Campe praecox (Sm.) Dulac
  • Campe verna (Mill.) A.Heller
  • Crucifera praecox E.H.L.Krause
  • Erysimum praecox Sm.
  • Erysimum tenuifolium Stokes
  • Erysimum vernum Mill.

Land cress (Barbarea verna), also known as American cress, bank cress, black wood cress, Belle Isle cress, Bermuda cress, early yellowrocket,[2] early wintercress, scurvy cress, creasy greens, and upland cress,[3] is a biennial herb in the family Brassicaceae. It is native to southern Europe and western Asia, and naturalized elsewhere[4] It has been cultivated as a leaf vegetable in England since the 17th century. As it requires less water than watercress, it is easier to cultivate.


Land cress is considered a satisfactory substitute for watercress. It can be used in sandwiches, or salads, or cooked like spinach, or used in soup and fish.

Land cress can be grown easily in any garden. Like watercress, it loves water, but does not do well when partially submerged for long periods of time. This perennial needs full sun and frequent watering in any garden, unless near a direct source of water.

Other common names include dryland cress, cassabully, and American watercress. A variegated form is available.


  1. ^ The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species, retrieved 8 May 2016
  2. ^ English Names for Korean Native Plants (PDF). Pocheon: Korea National Arboretum. 2015. p. 371. ISBN 978-89-97450-98-5. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 May 2017. Retrieved 26 January 2017 – via Korea Forest Service.
  3. ^
  4. ^ USDA GRIN Taxonomy, retrieved 8 May 2016