Landerneau

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Landerneau

Landerne
Houses with a slate facade, on the Rohan Bridge
Houses with a slate facade, on the Rohan Bridge
Coat of arms of Landerneau
Coat of arms
Location of Landerneau
Landerneau is located in France
Landerneau
Landerneau
Landerneau is located in Brittany
Landerneau
Landerneau
Coordinates: 48°27′06″N 4°14′53″W / 48.4517°N 4.2481°W / 48.4517; -4.2481Coordinates: 48°27′06″N 4°14′53″W / 48.4517°N 4.2481°W / 48.4517; -4.2481
CountryFrance
RegionBrittany
DepartmentFinistère
ArrondissementBrest
CantonLanderneau
IntercommunalityPays de Landerneau-Daoulas
Government
 • Mayor (2014–2020) Patrick Leclerc
Area
1
13.19 km2 (5.09 sq mi)
Population
 (2016-01-01)[1]
16,468
 • Density1,200/km2 (3,200/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
29103 /29800
Elevation1–175 m (3.3–574.1 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Landerneau (French pronunciation: ​[lɑ̃dɛʁno]; Breton: Landerne, pronounced [lãnˈdɛrne]) is a commune in the Finistère department of Brittany in north-western France.

It lies at the mouth of the Elorn River which divides the Breton provinces of Cornouaille and Léon, 22 km (14 mi) east of Brest. The name is from Lan Terneo and can mean "(religious) enclosure of St Ténénan (Welsh: Tyrnog)": allegedly a Welshman who also had llans in the Vale of Clwyd in North Wales and in Somerset, and who moved to Brittany in the 7th century. Lann means a religious sacred place. The town has been fonded by Saint Arnoc, some times called Ternoc and a confusion can occur with Saint Ténénan. Some sources point Saint Arnoc and Saint Ténénan as the same person. It was an important centre of the flax and linen industries in the 16th and 17th centuries. Landerneau is also the hometown of Édouard Leclerc, a businessman and entrepreneur who founded the French supermarket chain E.Leclerc in 1948. His first store applies a hard competition with other supermarket chains with local made products and lower prices. Leclerc's new methods of sales are still applied in all supermarkts and hypermarkets and marks an evolution in the markets history. The town is actually the heart of the agricultural market in northwest Brittany with several agribusiness companies head quarters located in the town.

A picturesque feature of the town centre is the sixteenth-century house-lined bridge (the Pont de Rohan) across the Elorn. The Pont de Rohan was the only way to cross Elorn River in the area until 1930 and the construction of the Pont Albert Louppe near Brest.

The town is also kown for its moon, La Lune de Landerneau (the Moon of Landerneau). This renomee is supposed from a noble visiting Versailles court and was not impressed by the luxury of the Château de Versailles. He was contempling the moon with others in the Versailles gardens when he said "the Landerneau's moon is bigger", that made laught the assembly. The Breton noble made reference to a big silver metal disc on top of the Saint Houardon Church, well known in the surroundings as "the moon of Landerneau".

International relations[edit]

Landerneau is twinned with the towns of Caernarfon in Gwynedd in Wales and Hünfeld in Germany.

Music festival[edit]

Each year in August a music festival called "Fête du bruit dans Landerneau" takes place in Landerneau. "Fête du bruit dans Landerneau" means "festival of noise in Landerneau". When spoken it sounds identical to "faites du bruit dans Landerneau" which means "make some noise in Landerneau". This is a play on words based on the homophones "fête" and "faites". It also a play on words based on a french expression "Cela va faire du bruit dans Landerneau" means "That gonna make some noise in Landerneau". The origins of the expression is not clear. The first theory is form a 1796 theater drama, "Alexandre Duval's Les Heritiers", after a famous sailor declared dead is back to his hometown, Landerneau. "His death will make some noise in Landerneau" text said. The second theory is from the "Bagne de Brest" (Brest's Prison between 1749 and 1848). When a prisonner escapes, prison's cannons were fired to alarm the area of the evasion. The noise of the canons could be heard from Landeneau, 22 kilometers (14 miles) away.

Population[edit]

Inhabitants of Landerneau are called in French Landernéens. At the census of 1999, the town had a population of about 15,000 and at the census of 2010, the town had a population of about 15 272 (an increase of 7%). It the 6th bigger city of Finistère Departement and the 617th nationwide.

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1793 4,012—    
1800 3,669−8.5%
1806 3,896+6.2%
1821 4,317+10.8%
1831 4,933+14.3%
1836 4,963+0.6%
1841 4,906−1.1%
1846 4,934+0.6%
1851 5,113+3.6%
1856 6,518+27.5%
1861 6,959+6.8%
1866 7,853+12.8%
1872 7,717−1.7%
1876 8,195+6.2%
1881 9,078+10.8%
1886 8,927−1.7%
1891 8,497−4.8%
1896 8,038−5.4%
1901 7,080−11.9%
1906 7,737+9.3%
1911 8,252+6.7%
1921 7,735−6.3%
1926 7,424−4.0%
1931 8,004+7.8%
1936 8,855+10.6%
1946 10,975+23.9%
1954 10,950−0.2%
1962 11,834+8.1%
1968 12,781+8.0%
1975 14,541+13.8%
1982 14,482−0.4%
1990 14,269−1.5%
1999 14,274+0.0%
2006 14,927+4.6%
2011 15,148+1.5%
2016 15,836+4.5%

Breton language[edit]

Landerneau has many bilingual signs (French and Breton), and is the first town where the indications in the local station were made bilingual, as a result of the Ya d'ar brezhoneg charter of the Ofis ar Brezhoneg.[2]

The municipality launched a linguistic plan through Ya d'ar brezhoneg on 12 December 2004. In 2008, 12.46% of primary-school children attended bilingual schools.[3]

Schools[edit]

There are eight (private and public) preschools and primary schools in the town including a Diwan school and two high schools.

Transport[edit]

  • The town has its own bus transportation system named "Ar Bus" (The bus) and includes 6 lines. Bus are free of charges on saturdays.
  • The Landerneau Railway Station is situated on the Paris–Brest railway and the branch to Quimper. Near the Tain Station, there is the "Gare Routière" (central bus station) where all local bus lines and departement bus lines connects.
  • The Town is the first in France to build a Square shaped roundabout in front of the Train Station on Matthieu Donnart Place.
  • The town is connected to RN 12; a trunk road connecting Landerneau to Brest and Paris via Departmental Road (D)770 that also links to the town of Daoulas at south, where the trunk road to Quimper is. The D770 can be a bypass from/to Quimper to the north coast (N165 <> N12) avoiding Brest surroundings.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Populations légales 2016". INSEE. Retrieved 25 April 2019.
  2. ^ (in French) Signalisation bilingue dans les gares : Landerneau, ouvre le bal (Bilingual signalisation in stations: Landerneau is the first one
  3. ^ (in French) Ofis ar Brezhoneg: Enseignement bilingue

External links[edit]