Lannion

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Lannion
Lannuon
A general view of Lannion
A general view of Lannion
Coat of arms of Lannion
Location of Lannion
Lannion is located in France
Lannion
Lannion
Lannion is located in Brittany
Lannion
Lannion
Coordinates: 48°44′00″N 3°27′15″W / 48.7333°N 3.4542°W / 48.7333; -3.4542Coordinates: 48°44′00″N 3°27′15″W / 48.7333°N 3.4542°W / 48.7333; -3.4542
CountryFrance
RegionBrittany
DepartmentCôtes-d'Armor
ArrondissementLannion
CantonLannion
IntercommunalityLannion-Trégor Communauté
Government
 • Mayor (2020–2026) Paul Le Bihan
Area
1
43.91 km2 (16.95 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2018)[1]
20,040
 • Density460/km2 (1,200/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
22113 /22300
Elevation0–107 m (0–351 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Lannion (French pronunciation: [lanjɔ̃] (About this soundlisten) ; Breton: Lannuon) is a commune in the Côtes-d'Armor department in Brittany in northwestern France. It is a subprefecture of Côtes-d'Armor, the capital of Trégor and the center of an urban area of almost 60,000 inhabitants.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Lannion / 1981–2010 normals, extremes 1993–present
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 17.1
(62.8)
22.4
(72.3)
23.1
(73.6)
27.6
(81.7)
29.3
(84.7)
32.8
(91.0)
35.8
(96.4)
35.3
(95.5)
31.0
(87.8)
29.9
(85.8)
21.0
(69.8)
17.9
(64.2)
35.8
(96.4)
Average high °C (°F) 9.3
(48.7)
9.9
(49.8)
11.6
(52.9)
13.2
(55.8)
16.1
(61.0)
18.8
(65.8)
20.5
(68.9)
20.9
(69.6)
19.2
(66.6)
16.2
(61.2)
12.2
(54.0)
9.6
(49.3)
14.8
(58.6)
Daily mean °C (°F) 6.7
(44.1)
7.1
(44.8)
8.3
(46.9)
9.6
(49.3)
12.5
(54.5)
15.0
(59.0)
16.8
(62.2)
17.1
(62.8)
15.4
(59.7)
12.9
(55.2)
9.4
(48.9)
7.0
(44.6)
11.5
(52.7)
Average low °C (°F) 4.2
(39.6)
4.3
(39.7)
5.0
(41.0)
5.9
(42.6)
8.8
(47.8)
11.3
(52.3)
13.1
(55.6)
13.4
(56.1)
11.5
(52.7)
9.7
(49.5)
6.6
(43.9)
4.5
(40.1)
8.2
(46.8)
Record low °C (°F) −6.3
(20.7)
−7.1
(19.2)
−4.0
(24.8)
−2.2
(28.0)
−0.6
(30.9)
3.9
(39.0)
6.0
(42.8)
5.8
(42.4)
3.3
(37.9)
−3.1
(26.4)
−4.8
(23.4)
−4.5
(23.9)
−7.1
(19.2)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 94.6
(3.72)
90.6
(3.57)
68.3
(2.69)
78.2
(3.08)
70.6
(2.78)
51.2
(2.02)
62.1
(2.44)
52.6
(2.07)
53.0
(2.09)
98.5
(3.88)
106.4
(4.19)
118.9
(4.68)
945.0
(37.20)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1 mm) 15.4 14.0 12.2 12.4 11.5 7.9 10.3 9.2 9.1 14.0 16.1 16.8 148.8
Source: Meteociel [2]

Population[edit]

Inhabitants of Lannion are called lannionnais in French.

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1793 3,706—    
1800 3,132−2.38%
1806 3,426+1.51%
1821 3,597+0.33%
1831 5,371+4.09%
1836 5,461+0.33%
1841 5,650+0.68%
1846 5,849+0.69%
1851 6,075+0.76%
1856 6,642+1.80%
1861 6,598−0.13%
1866 6,882+0.85%
1872 6,223−1.66%
1876 6,294+0.28%
1881 5,998−0.96%
1886 6,205+0.68%
1891 6,002−0.66%
1896 6,126+0.41%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901 6,010−0.38%
1906 5,856−0.52%
1911 6,174+1.06%
1921 6,047−0.21%
1926 6,274+0.74%
1931 6,430+0.49%
1936 6,584+0.47%
1946 7,220+0.93%
1954 6,734−0.87%
1962 9,479+4.37%
1968 12,535+4.77%
1975 16,867+4.33%
1982 16,641−0.19%
1990 16,958+0.24%
1999 18,368+0.89%
2007 19,773+0.93%
2012 19,380−0.40%
2017 19,880+0.51%
Source: EHESS[3] and INSEE (1968-2017)[4]

History[edit]

Lannion takes its name from "Lann Huon" in Breton or "Land of Huon" in English.

The old quarter of Lannion attracts many tourists to the city. The old quarter contains old squares, a church called Brélévenez, half-timbered houses, chapels and frescoes.

Breton language[edit]

On 23 October 2006, the municipality launched a plan to promote the Breton language through the Ya d'ar brezhoneg ("Yes to Breton") charter.

In 2008, 11.96% of the children attended bilingual schools in primary education.[5]

Economy[edit]

Lannion is a large telecommunications research center in France with several firms such as Nokia, Orange and SAGEMCOM operating there. The presence of a large telecommunications industry in the area has led to two institutes of technology in the area, IUT Lannion and a college of engineering, ENSSAT.

Culture[edit]

Regular concerts known as "Les Tardives" are held in the town square during the summer months. Lannion is also home to the "Carré Magique", a well known theatre company in the area.

Transport[edit]

Lannion is served by extensive transport links. The nearby Lannion – Côte de Granit Airport was recently expanded to accommodate larger flights arriving from Paris and other French destinations. It is a one-hour flight from Lannion to Paris. The station provides TGV services to Brest, St. Brieuc, Rennes and Paris as well as TER links to local stations.

There is a bus service connecting the town centre to surrounding areas, TILT (Transports Intercommunaux de Lannion-Trégor), with six lines.

Line A
Hospital/Airport via Quai d'Aiguillon (in the centre of the town)
Line B
Kerbabu/Coppens via Quai d'Aiguillon
Line C
Alcatel/Kérilis
Line Navéo
small bus around the centre of the town
Line F
market day line (Thursday morning).

International relations[edit]

Lannion is twinned with:

Notable people[edit]

The following were born in Lannion:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Populations légales 2018". INSEE. 28 December 2020.
  2. ^ "Normales et records pour Lannion_aero (22)". Meteociel. Retrieved 14 September 2020.
  3. ^ Des villages de Cassini aux communes d'aujourd'hui: Commune data sheet Lannion, EHESS. (in French)
  4. ^ Population en historique depuis 1968, INSEE
  5. ^ "Enseignement bilingue" (in French). Ofis ar Brezhoneg.

External links[edit]