|Directed by||Riri Riza|
|Written by||Salman Aristo|
|Based on||The Rainbow Troops|
by Andrea Hirata
|Produced by||Mira Lesmana|
Teuku Rifnu Wikana
|Music by||Sri Aksan Sjuman|
Titi Handayani Sjuman
|Distributed by||Miles Films|
|September 25, 2008|
|Budget||ID Rp. 8 billion (US$ 890,000; ~ US$ 1,000,000 in 2017 accounting for inflation)|
|Box office||$16.67 million|
Laskar Pelangi (English: The Rainbow Troops) is a 2008 Indonesian drama film adapted from the novel of the same name by Andrea Hirata. The film follows a group of 10 students and their two inspirational teachers as they struggle with poverty and develop hopes for the future in Gantong Village, located at Belitung. The film became a box office and critical success, becoming one of the highest grossing in Indonesian box office history and the recipient a number of local and international awards.
Belitung is known for its richness in tin, making it one of Indonesia's richest islands, though bureaucracy keeps its natives from enjoying it, turning most of them poor and some unemployed; most men ended up working at the state-owned tin company PN Timah. Children of poor households are stereotyped as having no future who will end up working there.
In 1974, SD Muhammadiyah Gantong, taught by Ms. Muslimah, Mr. Harfan, and Mr. Bakri, awaits ten students as required by law. The school is small and poor, resulting in not having a student for a long time. The first student is Lintang, a boy living in the coastal area whose father is a fisherman, leaving him unschooled. Soon, more join: Ikal, Mahar, Sahara, A Kiong, Borek, Kucai, Syahdan, and Trapan. With only nine students, the school loses hope, until the tenth student, Harun arrives. Five years later, the students have formed a strong bond. One day, they see a rainbow forming, and Muslimah dubs the students "Laskar Pelangi" ("The Rainbow Troops"). Through the Islam sessions, Harfan teaches them various lessons of perseverance and humbleness. Zulkarnaen, Muhammadiyah's assistant, expresses doubt over the legacy of it after the students graduate sixth grade, but Harfan insists, stating it is the only school around that does not prioritize grades; such schools show more success rate in students.
Mr. Mahmud, a teacher at SD PN Timah, has unrequited love for Muslimah and frequently asks her to join his school while belittling her school; Muslimah always rejects this. However it is regulated that Muhammadiyah have their final exam at SD PN. During the succeeding holiday, the boys meet Flo, an SD PN student who gives Mahar one of her National Geographic collections featuring the Asmat tribe. Mahar, skillful in art, is assigned by Muslimah to form an idea for the Independence Day carnival competition, and he proposes an Asmat-style dance. They were initially laughed at, but later applauded and declared winner. Flo, with a thematic appreciation towards their dance, decides to join Muhammadiyah. Since then, the students' grades begin decreasing. Meanwhile, Bakri reveals to Muslimah and Harfan that he accepted an offer to teach at SD Negri Bangka. When they confront him, he belittles the school; Muslimah and Harfan take this as a godsent motivation to work harder.
Muslimah observes Harfan's facial pallor. His wife reveals to him that he refuses to follow her advice. A few days later, Muslimah finds him dead at his desk. Grieving, she does not teach for five days, unannounced. Despite so, the students continue learning by themselves and keep pushing each other to study, warming Muslimah's heart and brings her back to teaching. Some time later, a Gantong scholastic tournament is announced. For Muhammadiyah, Mahar, Ikal, and Lintang participate. Thanks to Lintang's arithmetic ability, they win. During the tournament day, however, his father goes fishing impromptu, and dies while doing so. Having need to take care of his two siblings, he reluctantly announces to not be in the school anymore, and says goodbye one last time.
In 1999, Belitung, heavily reliant on their tin industry, was severely affected by the 1980 tin crisis and PN Timah subsequently went bankrupt. Ikal visits his home and meets Lintang, who now has a wife and smart daughter. Ikal reveals that he received a scholarship at Sorbonne, Paris, his childhood dream city, inspired by an illustration given by former love interest A Ling, who is A Kiong's cousin. It is also revealed that Mahar is now a novelist. Later at Sorbonne, Ikal sends Lintang a letter with an Eiffel Tower illustration; he shows it to his daughter to motivate her.
The film ends with a quote from the 31st chapter of the Constitution of Indonesia: "Every citizen has the right to get proper education."
Background and impact
The film reportedly cost 8 billion rupiah (US$890,000; ~ US$1,000,000 in 2017 accounting for inflation) to make and was a year in production. Most of the child actors in the film are from Belitung, and Producer Mira Lesmana explained that choice by saying: "In my opinion, there won't be any actors with a deeper connection to the roles than those who were born and lived in Belitong their entire life."
The Bangka Belitung provincial government declared some of the locations used in the film as areas of importance to culture and tourism in 2010, and provincial tourism chief Yan Megawandi said the decision was "primarily" made to help raise funds for the Muhammadiyah elementary school on which the film and novel's story are centered.
The film's local and international success fueled a tourism boom on Belitung, with Indonesian airline Garuda Indonesia reopening direct service from Jakarta to Tanjung Pandan, Belitung's capital. A provincial government official that month said he had no hard data on the increase in tourist arrivals as a result of the film, but said that nearly all seats on flights to the island from Jakarta were booked in the first week it was open and that most arrivals were asking about information on how to visit the film's locations.
A Belitung-based local newspaper Pos Belitung refers the movie title on its motto, "Spirit Baru Negeri Laskar Pelangi" (New Spirit of the Land of Rainbow Troops).
- Best Film, Bandung Film Festival, 2009
- Best Film, Indonesian Film Festival, 2009
- Nomination for Best Film and Best Editor, Asian Film Awards, 2009
- SIGNIS Award, Hong Kong International Film Festival, 2009
- Golden Butterfly Award, 23rd International Festival of Film for Children and Young Adults, Iran, 2009
- 3rd Place Audience Award, 11th Udine Far East International Film Festival, Italy, 2009 
- ^ Local Movie to Open Jakarta Film Festival Archived 2009-06-28 at the Wayback Machine The Jakarta Globe, Lisa Siregar, June 22, 2009
- ^ Laskar Pelangi: The Audacity of Hope The Jakarta Post, Iwan Seti, September 7, 2008
- ^ Lokasi Pengambilan Gambar Laskar Pelangi Dilestarikan Republika newspaper, June 25, 2010
- ^ Melihat Bumi Laskar Pelangi Archived 2011-07-13 at the Wayback Machine Kompas Newspaper, June 8, 2009
- ^ Andrea Hirata Official website