Pat was a band member touring with the Broadway company of Bob Fosse's DANCIN in 1980–1981. He and other show band members would seek local clubs to jam on weekends after the show.
|Birth name||Laurdine Kenneth Patrick|
|Born||November 23, 1929|
|Origin||East Moline, Illinois, United States|
|Died||December 31, 1991(aged 62)|
|Genres||Hard bop, swing, avant-garde jazz, free jazz, experimental music|
|Instruments||baritone saxophone, alto saxophone and bass|
|Associated acts||Sun Ra and the Arkestra, Mongo Santamaría, Thelonious Monk, John Coltrane, Duke Ellington Orchestra, Quincy Jones, and Babatunde Olatunji|
Laurdine Kenneth "Pat" Patrick (November 23, 1929 – December 31, 1991) was an American jazz musician. He played baritone saxophone, alto saxophone and Fender bass and was best known for his 40-year association with Sun Ra. His son, Deval Patrick, was Governor of Massachusetts.
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Pat Patrick was one of the longest time members of Sun Ra's Arkestra bands, first joining Ra's group in the early 1950s. He later resided for several years in the Arkestra's communal residences in New York City's East Village and Philadelphia. He also played with John Coltrane (appearing on Africa/Brass in 1961), Blue Mitchell (A Sure Thing, 1962), Mongo Santamaría ("Watermelon Man" and "Yeh Yeh") and Thelonious Monk (early 1970s). He also extensively backed Babatunde Olatunji. Patrick attended and studied music at DuSable High School in Chicago, a school notable for producing many important and influential musicians. He also attended Florida A&M University.
Patrick was born in East Moline, Illinois, to Laverne and Laurdine Patrick, Sr. His father (1905–2001), a native of Kansas, worked as an iron moulder at a factory at the time of his son's birth.
In February 1955, Patrick married Emily Wintersmith in Cook County, Illinois. His children with Emily are Deval Patrick and Rhonda Sigh. He had at least one child, La'Shon Anthony, outside his marriage. In 1959, a woman called for Patrick and his wife asked for a message. This precipitated the breakup of his marriage that year.
In 1960, he left Emily, Deval and Rhonda, and moved out of their apartment. When four-year-old Deval chased after him, he slapped his son and continued. "Pat" Patrick refused to sign Deval's application to Milton Academy, arguing that Deval would lose his African-American identity there. Deval, whose tuition was paid by scholarship, was accepted anyway. Deval saw his father only rarely during his life; the younger Patrick later attributed his decision to go into public service and improve the lives of others to his abandonment by his father.
In December 1965, Patrick was remarried in Las Vegas, Nevada, to Edna Jean Ballinger.
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With Jimmy Heath
- Really Big! (Riverside, 1960)
With Andrew Hill
- One for One (Blue Note, 1965)
With Sam Jones
- Down Home (Riverside, 1962)
With Clifford Jordan
- Inward Fire (Muse, 1978)
With Freddie McCoy
- Funk Drops (Prestige, 1966)
With James Moody
- Last Train from Overbrook (Argo, 1958)
With A. K. Salim
- Afro-Soul/Drum Orgy (Prestige, 1965)
With Phil Upchurch
- Feeling Blue (Milestone, 1967)
- Jacobs, Sally (March 25, 2007). "Patrick shaped by father's absence". Boston Globe.
- "Ancestry of Deval Patrick". Retrieved March 25, 2010.
- "Pat Patrick's Lost Treasures". NPR. March 27, 2010.
- "'Lessons' From Deval Patrick: A (Not) Likely Story", NPR Books, April 12, 2011.
- "Gov. Deval Patrick: Each of us has the capacity to teach, inspire, and ennoble – In the Arena". CNN.
- Jacobs, Sally (March 25, 2007). "Patrick shaped by father's absence". The Boston Globe.
- Hillary Chabot, "Gruff Deval Patrick rankled Beacon Hill", Boston Herald, April 12, 2011.
- "Patrick Starts Publicity For New Book", CBS Boston, April 11, 2011.
- Jacobs, Sally (March 25, 2007). "Patrick shaped by father's absence". Boston Globe. Audio links to musical performances of Patrick