Lavin

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Lavin
Former municipality of Switzerland
Lavin 1.jpg
Coat of arms of Lavin
Coat of arms
Lavin is located in Switzerland
Lavin
Lavin
Lavin is located in Canton of Graubünden
Lavin
Lavin
Coordinates: 46°46′N 10°06′E / 46.767°N 10.100°E / 46.767; 10.100Coordinates: 46°46′N 10°06′E / 46.767°N 10.100°E / 46.767; 10.100
Country Switzerland
Canton Graubünden
District Inn
Area
 • Total 46.18 km2 (17.83 sq mi)
Elevation 1,412 m (4,633 ft)
Population (Dec 2014)
 • Total 221
 • Density 4.8/km2 (12/sq mi)
Postal code 7543
SFOS number 3743
Surrounded by Ardez, Gaschurn (AT-8), Guarda, Klosters-Serneus, Susch, Zernez
Website www.lavin.ch
SFSO statistics

Lavin is a former municipality in the district of Inn in the Swiss canton of Graubünden. On 1 January 2015 the former municipalities of Lavin and Susch merged into the municipality of Zernez.[1]

History[edit]

Lavin is first mentioned in the 12th century as Lawinis.[2]

Geography[edit]

Verstanclahorn mountain near Lavin

Lavin had an area, as of 2006, of 46.2 km2 (17.8 sq mi). Of this area, 19.9% is used for agricultural purposes, while 18.3% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 0.6% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (61.2%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).[3]

The former municipality is located in the Sur Tasna sub-district of the Inn district on the left bank of the Inn river. It is the capital of the sub-district. It consists of the linear village of Lavin.

Demographics[edit]

Lavin had a population (as of 2014) of 221. As of 2008, 8.5% of the population was made up of foreign nationals.[4] Over the last 10 years the population has grown at a rate of 7.2%.[3]

As of 2000, the gender distribution of the population was 46.9% male and 53.1% female.[5] The age distribution, as of 2000, in Lavin is; 18 children or 10.3% of the population are between 0 and 9 years old. 14 teenagers or 8.0% are 10 to 14, and 12 teenagers or 6.9% are 15 to 19. Of the adult population, 15 people or 8.6% of the population are between 20 and 29 years old. 20 people or 11.5% are 30 to 39, 25 people or 14.4% are 40 to 49, and 22 people or 12.6% are 50 to 59. The senior population distribution is 14 people or 8.0% of the population are between 60 and 69 years old, 25 people or 14.4% are 70 to 79, there are 7 people or 4.0% who are 80 to 89, and there are 2 people or 1.1% who are 90 to 99.[4]

In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the SPS which received 46.8% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the SVP (26.1%), the FDP (15.5%) and the CVP (6.1%).[3]

The entire Swiss population is generally well educated. In Lavin about 87.7% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule).[3]

Lavin has an unemployment rate of 0.71%. As of 2005, there were 20 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 8 businesses involved in this sector. 2 people are employed in the secondary sector and there is 1 business in this sector. 50 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 9 businesses in this sector.[3]

The historical population is given in the following table:[2]

year population
1835 359
1850 367
1900 249
1950 242
1970 155
1990 184
2000 174

Languages[edit]

Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks Rhaeto-Romance (75.9%), with German being second most common (23.0%) and Portuguese being third ( 0.6%).[3] By the 19th Century there was a German-speaking minority in Lavin. However the majority speak the Vallader Romansh dialect. Between 1880 and 1941 the Romansh speaking percentage remained the same (83%). In the last decades the Romansh speaking percentage has decreased. In 1990 91% of the population understood Romansh, though some spoke it as a second language, and in 2000 it was 86%.

Languages in Lavin
Languages Census 1980 Census 1990 Census 2000
Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent
German 33 18.13% 38 20.65% 40 22.99%
Romanish 147 80.77% 145 78.80% 132 75.86%
Population 182 100% 184 100% 174 100%

Heritage sites of national significance[edit]

The abandoned village of Gonda is listed as a Swiss heritage site of national significance.[6] Gonda was first mentioned about 1160 and by the 17th Century was abandoned. In 1983 it was restored.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Amtliches Gemeindeverzeichnis der Schweiz published by the Swiss Federal Statistical Office (in German) accessed 27 April 2016
  2. ^ a b c Lavin in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  3. ^ a b c d e f Swiss Federal Statistical Office Archived 2016-01-05 at the Wayback Machine. accessed 12-Oct-2009
  4. ^ a b Graubunden Population Statistics Archived 2009-08-27 at the Wayback Machine. (in German) accessed 21 September 2009
  5. ^ Graubunden in Numbers Archived 2009-09-24 at the Wayback Machine. (in German) accessed 21 September 2009
  6. ^ Swiss inventory of cultural property of national and regional significance Archived 2009-05-01 at the Wayback Machine. 21.11.2008 version, (in German) accessed 12-Oct-2009