Ftan

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Ftan
Former municipality of Switzerland
Ftan02.jpg
Coat of arms of Ftan
Coat of arms
Ftan is located in Switzerland
Ftan
Ftan
Ftan is located in Canton of Graubünden
Ftan
Ftan
Coordinates: 46°47′N 10°14′E / 46.783°N 10.233°E / 46.783; 10.233Coordinates: 46°47′N 10°14′E / 46.783°N 10.233°E / 46.783; 10.233
Country Switzerland
Canton Graubünden
District Inn
Area
 • Total 43.11 km2 (16.64 sq mi)
Elevation 1,648 m (5,407 ft)
Population (Dec 2014)
 • Total 492
 • Density 11/km2 (30/sq mi)
Postal code 7551
SFOS number 3761
Surrounded by Ardez, Galtür (AT-7), Ramosch, Scuol, Sent, Tarasp
Website www.ftan.ch
SFSO statistics

Ftan is a former municipality in the district of Inn in the Swiss canton of Graubünden. On 1 January 2015 the former municipalities of Ardez, Guarda, Tarasp, Ftan and Sent merged into the municipality of Scuol.[1]

History[edit]

Ftan is first mentioned in 1150 as Vetane.[2]

Geography[edit]

Ftan
Ftan

Ftan had an area, as of 2006, of 43.1 km2 (16.6 sq mi). Of this area, 40.6% is used for agricultural purposes, while 15.4% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 1.2% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (42.8%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).[3]

The former municipality is located in the Suot Tasna sub-district of the Inn district on a terrace above the left bank of the Inn river. It consists of the village sections of Ftan Grond and Ftan Pitschen. Until 1943 Ftan was known as Fetan.[4]

Demographics[edit]

Ftan had a population (as of 2014) of 492. As of 2008, 11.2% of the population was made up of foreign nationals.[5] Over the last 10 years the population has grown at a rate of 9.6%.[3]

As of 2000, the gender distribution of the population was 49.2% male and 50.8% female.[6] The age distribution, as of 2000, in Ftan is; 57 children or 11.0% of the population are between 0 and 9 years old. 40 teenagers or 7.8% are 10 to 14, and 84 teenagers or 16.3% are 15 to 19. Of the adult population, 39 people or 7.6% of the population are between 20 and 29 years old. 65 people or 12.6% are 30 to 39, 69 people or 13.4% are 40 to 49, and 53 people or 10.3% are 50 to 59. The senior population distribution is 43 people or 8.3% of the population are between 60 and 69 years old, 48 people or 9.3% are 70 to 79, there are 15 people or 2.9% who are 80 to 89, and there are 3 people or 0.6% who are 90 to 99.[5]

In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the SVP which received 43% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the SPS (42.1%), the FDP (7.7%) and the CVP (5.1%).[3]

In Ftan about 81.8% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule).[3]

Ftan has an unemployment rate of 0.81%. As of 2005, there were 64 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 24 businesses involved in this sector. 16 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 6 businesses in this sector. 180 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 25 businesses in this sector.[3]

The historical population is given in the following table:[2]

year population
1835 538
1850 506
1900 403
1950 504
1970 425
2000 516

Languages[edit]

Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks Rhaeto-Romance (57.8%), with German being second most common (37.0%) and Italian being third ( 1.2%).[3]

Languages in Ftan
Languages Census 1980 Census 1990 Census 2000
Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent
German 139 31.95% 153 33.77% 191 37.02%
Romansh 251 57.70% 263 58.06% 298 57.75%
Italian 19 4.37% 14 3.09% 6 1.16%
Population 435 100% 453 100% 516 100%

References[edit]

  1. ^ Amtliches Gemeindeverzeichnis der Schweiz published by the Swiss Federal Statistical Office (in German) accessed 27 April 2016
  2. ^ a b Ftan in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  3. ^ a b c d e f Swiss Federal Statistical Office Archived January 5, 2016, at the Wayback Machine. accessed 12-Oct-2009
  4. ^ Amtliches Gemeindeverzeichnis der Schweiz published by the Swiss Federal Statistical Office (in German) accessed 23 September 2009
  5. ^ a b Graubunden Population Statistics Archived August 27, 2009, at the Wayback Machine. (in German) accessed 21 September 2009
  6. ^ Graubunden in Numbers Archived September 24, 2009, at the Wayback Machine. (in German) accessed 21 September 2009