Scuol

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Scuol
Scuol 09.jpg
Coat of arms of Scuol
Coat of arms
Scuol is located in Switzerland
Scuol
Scuol
Coordinates: 46°48′N 10°17′E / 46.800°N 10.283°E / 46.800; 10.283Coordinates: 46°48′N 10°17′E / 46.800°N 10.283°E / 46.800; 10.283
Country Switzerland
Canton Graubünden
District Inn
Area[1]
 • Total 438.63 km2 (169.36 sq mi)
Elevation 1,290 m (4,230 ft)
Population (Dec 2014[2])
 • Total 4,643
 • Density 11/km2 (27/sq mi)
Postal code 7550
SFOS number 3762
Surrounded by Ftan, Mals (IT-BZ), Sent, Tarasp, Tschierv, Taufers im Münstertal (IT-BZ), Valchava
Website www.scuol.ch
SFSO statistics

Scuol (pronounced [ˈʃkwol]) is a municipality in the district of Inn in the Swiss canton of Graubünden. The official language in Scuol is Romansh. On 1 January 2015 the former municipalities of Ardez, Guarda, Tarasp, Ftan and Sent merged into Scuol.[3]

Name[edit]

The official name has undergone several changes in the 20th century:

  • Until 1943, the official name of the municipality was Schuls.
  • In 1943, it was changed to Bad Scuol/Schuls.
  • In 1970 Schuls was dropped as an official name, leaving only Bad Scuol.
  • In 1999 Bad was dropped, leaving today's name, Scuol.

History[edit]

Hotel Waldhaus Vulpera before it burned down on 27 May 1989

Scuol is first mentioned in 1095 as Schulles.[4]

The Neo-Renaissance style Grand Hotel Waldhaus Vulpera in Scuol-Tarasp with Sgraffito-Elements was opened on 8 June 1897 and was one of the first addresses in the Swiss Alps and was a major Belle Époque monument in Europe.

Geography[edit]

Scuol village and valley

After the 2015 merger Scuol had an area of 438.63 km2 (169.36 sq mi).[1] Before the merger Scuol had an area, (as of the 2004/09 survey) of 144.14 square kilometers (55.65 sq mi). Of this area, about 26.9% is used for agricultural purposes, while 25.8% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 1.2% is settled (buildings or roads) and 46.1% is unproductive land. Over the past two decades (1979/85-2004/09) the amount of land that is settled has increased by 37 ha (91 acres) and the agricultural land has decreased by 146 ha (360 acres).[5]

The whole southern face towards Piz Champatsch on 2785 meters is being used as a skiing area called "Motta Naluns", named after a place north of Scuol. The resort has 80 kilometers of slopes and 12 lifts (aerial cableway/ chair lifts / drag lifts).

The municipality is the capital of the Inn district and is located in the Suot Tasna sub-district. It is a well known spa town and vacation spot and is the business center of the Unterengadin valley. It is the largest village on the left side of the Inn river. It consists of the village of Scuol with the section Pradella and the old mining village of S-charl. Until 1970 Scuol was known as Scuol/Schuls.[6]

Demographics[edit]

Church in Scuol.

Scuol has a population (as of 31 December 2014) of 4,643.[2] As of 2008, 23.6% of the population was made up of foreign nationals.[7] Over the last 10 years the population has grown at a rate of 1.4%.[8]

As of 2000, the gender distribution of the population was 48.5% male and 51.5% female.[9] The age distribution, as of 2000, in Scuol is; 220 children or 10.4% of the population are between 0 and 9 years old. 106 teenagers or 5.0% are 10 to 14, and 139 teenagers or 6.6% are 15 to 19. Of the adult population, 248 people or 11.7% of the population are between 20 and 29 years old. 334 people or 15.7% are 30 to 39, 306 people or 14.4% are 40 to 49, and 278 people or 13.1% are 50 to 59. The senior population distribution is 201 people or 9.5% of the population are between 60 and 69 years old, 154 people or 7.3% are 70 to 79, there are 115 people or 5.4% who are 80 to 89, and there are 21 people or 1.0% who are 90 to 99.[7]

In 2013 there were 1,073 private households in Scuol. Of the 694 inhabited buildings in the municipality, in 2000, about 41.6% were single family homes and 36.6% were multiple family buildings. Additionally, about 36.5% of the buildings were built before 1919, while 11.4% were built between 1991 and 2000.[10] In 2012 the rate of construction of new housing units per 1000 residents was 20.57. The vacancy rate for the municipality, in 2014, was 2.48%.[5]

Historic Population[edit]

The historical population is given in the following chart:[11]

Languages[edit]

Half of the population (as of 2000) speaks Rhaeto-Romance (49.4%), with German being second most common (39.2%) and Italian being third ( 3.9%).[8]

Languages in Scuol
Languages Census 1980 Census 1990 Census 2000
Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent
Romansh 1130 64.79% 1087 57.54% 1049 49.43%
German 484 27.75% 651 34.46% 831 39.16%
Italian 76 4.36% 77 4.08% 82 3.86%
Population 1744 100% 1889 100% 2122 100%

Economy[edit]

As of 2012, there were a total of 2,240 people employed in the municipality. Of these, a total of 39 people worked in 13 businesses in the primary economic sector. The secondary sector employed 394 workers in 33 separate businesses. Finally, the tertiary sector provided 1,807 jobs in 265 businesses. In 2013 a total of 20.6% of the population received social assistance.[5]

Politics[edit]

In the 2011 federal election the most popular party was the BDP with 43.2% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the SVP (20.1%), the SP (15.1%) and the FDP (10.3%). In the federal election, a total of 666 votes were cast, and the voter turnout was 46.0%.[12]

Crime[edit]

In 2014 the crime rate, of the over 200 crimes listed in the Swiss Criminal Code (running from murder, robbery and assault to accepting bribes and election fraud), in Scuol was 41.3 per thousand residents. This rate is only 63.9% of the average rate in the entire country. During the same period, the rate of drug crimes was 8.5 per thousand residents and the rate of violations of immigration, visa and work permit laws was 0.9 per thousand.[13]

Education[edit]

In Scuol about 69.7% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule).[8]

Hospital[edit]

There is one small regional hospital, called Ospidal Engiadina Bassa (Romansh: Hospital of the Lower Engadin). The hospital celebrated its 100th anniversary on 21 June 2008. It is one of the country's smallest hospitals, offering basic services such as departments of surgery, internal medicine, cardiology, dermatology, oncology, gynecology, a 24-hour Emergency Department, and a 2-bed intensive care unit. Understandably for a mountain resort with a major ski region, orthopedic procedures are very common.

Heritage sites of national significance[edit]

Tarasp Castle

The Baselgia refurmada, the Chasa Wieland Nr. 29 and the Kurhaus Bad Tarasp (spa Bad Tarasp) in Scuol, the Chasté (a prehistoric site, a medieval fortress and a church) and the Doppelwohnhaus (Double-house) in Ardez, Tarasp Castle and the Trinkhalle (drinking hall) in Tarasp are all listed as Swiss heritage sites of national significance.[14]

The Chastè site includes settlements from the late Bronze Age (Melauner culture) into the early Iron Age (Fritzens-Sanzeno culture) as well as some finds from the Roman Empire.

Climate[edit]

Scuol has an average of 97.8 days of rain per year and on average receives 693 mm (27.3 in) of precipitation. The wettest month is August during which time Scuol receives an average of 96 mm (3.8 in) of precipitation. During this month there is precipitation for an average of 11.3 days. The month with the most days of precipitation is July, with an average of 11.3, but with only 87 mm (3.4 in) of precipitation. The driest month of the year is March with an average of 36 mm (1.4 in) of precipitation over 11.3 days.[15]

Climate data for Scuol (1981-2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) −0.2
(31.6)
2.5
(36.5)
7.8
(46)
11.9
(53.4)
16.7
(62.1)
20.2
(68.4)
22.8
(73)
22.1
(71.8)
18.3
(64.9)
13.4
(56.1)
5.2
(41.4)
0.0
(32)
11.7
(53.1)
Daily mean °C (°F) −4.5
(23.9)
−3.2
(26.2)
1.2
(34.2)
5.2
(41.4)
10.0
(50)
13.0
(55.4)
15.2
(59.4)
14.6
(58.3)
11.0
(51.8)
6.6
(43.9)
0.3
(32.5)
−3.7
(25.3)
5.5
(41.9)
Average low °C (°F) −8.3
(17.1)
−7.7
(18.1)
−3.9
(25)
−0.3
(31.5)
4.1
(39.4)
6.9
(44.4)
9.0
(48.2)
8.8
(47.8)
5.6
(42.1)
1.8
(35.2)
−3.4
(25.9)
−7.0
(19.4)
0.5
(32.9)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 37
(1.46)
33
(1.3)
36
(1.42)
37
(1.46)
62
(2.44)
79
(3.11)
91
(3.58)
102
(4.02)
62
(2.44)
63
(2.48)
61
(2.4)
43
(1.69)
706
(27.8)
Average snowfall cm (inches) 50.6
(19.92)
43.2
(17.01)
20.6
(8.11)
10.3
(4.06)
2.2
(0.87)
0.2
(0.08)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.2
(0.08)
2.5
(0.98)
28.1
(11.06)
43.3
(17.05)
201.2
(79.21)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 5.6 5.1 5.6 6.3 9.2 10.1 10.5 11.1 7.5 7.6 7.2 6.8 92.6
Average snowy days (≥ 1.0 cm) 7.7 6.5 4.9 3 0.4 0.1 0 0 0 0.4 5 7.4 35.4
Average relative humidity (%) 75 70 65 63 65 66 67 71 72 75 78 78 70
Mean monthly sunshine hours 97 119 157 163 173 181 215 195 165 144 93 77 1,779
Source: MeteoSwiss [16]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
  2. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistics Office – STAT-TAB Ständige und Nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach Region, Geschlecht, Nationalität und Alter (German) accessed 31 August 2015
  3. ^ Amtliches Gemeindeverzeichnis der Schweiz published by the Swiss Federal Statistical Office (German) accessed 27 April 2016
  4. ^ Scuol in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  5. ^ a b c Swiss Federal Statistical Office - Regional portraits accessed 2 May 2016
  6. ^ Amtliches Gemeindeverzeichnis der Schweiz published by the Swiss Federal Statistical Office (German) accessed 23 September 2009
  7. ^ a b Graubunden Population Statistics (German) accessed 21 September 2009
  8. ^ a b c Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 12-Oct-2009
  9. ^ Graubunden in Numbers (German) accessed 21 September 2009
  10. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office STAT-TAB - Thema 09 - Bau- und Wohnungswesen (German) accessed 5 May 2016
  11. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office STAT-TAB Bevölkerungsentwicklung nach institutionellen Gliederungen, 1850-2000 (German) accessed 27 April 2016
  12. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office - Nationalratswahlen 2011: Parteistärken, Wahlbeteiligung, fiktive Wählende (German) accessed 2 May 2016
  13. ^ Statistical Atlas of Switzerland accessed 5 April 2016
  14. ^ Swiss inventory of cultural property of national and regional significance 21.11.2008 version, (German) accessed 12-Oct-2009
  15. ^ "Temperature and Precipitation Average Values-Table, 1961-1990" (in German, French, and Italian). Federal Office of Meteorology and Climatology - MeteoSwiss. Retrieved 8 May 2009. , the weather station elevation is 1303 meters above sea level.
  16. ^ "Climate Norm Value Tables". Climate diagrams and normals from Swiss measuring stations. Federal Office of Meteorology and Climatology (MeteoSwiss). Retrieved 23 January 2013.  The weather station elevation is 1303 meters above sea level.

External links[edit]