Law Brook, Surrey

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Law Brook
Postford Brook
Brook, Brook - geograph.org.uk - 655936.jpg
Law Brook flowing westwards from the hamlet of Brook towards Postford
Location
CountryEngland
CountySurrey
BoroughGuildford Borough
Physical characteristics
SourceGasson Farm, The Hurtwood and sources in Peaslake proper
 • locationPeaslake, Shere, Borough of Guildford
 • coordinates51°11′02″N 0°26′38″W / 51.18389°N 0.44389°W / 51.18389; -0.44389
 • elevation148 m (486 ft)
MouthRiver Tillingbourne
 • location
Colyers Hanger, Albury (foot), Borough of Guildford
 • coordinates
51°13′20″N 0°31′00″W / 51.22222°N 0.51667°W / 51.22222; -0.51667Coordinates: 51°13′20″N 0°31′00″W / 51.22222°N 0.51667°W / 51.22222; -0.51667
 • elevation
50 m (160 ft)
Length7 km (4.3 mi)
Discharge 
 • locationAlbury[1]
 • average0.11 m3/s (3.9 cu ft/s)
 • minimum0.05 m3/s (1.8 cu ft/s)(4 August 1992)
 • maximum0.8 m3/s (28 cu ft/s)(15 September 1968)
Basin features
ProgressionPostford/Law Brook—TillingbourneRiver WeyRiver Thames
River systemThames Basin

The Law Brook or Postford Brook is a stream in the Surrey Hills AONB which feeds the Tillingbourne which in turn feeds the River Wey. It is notable in its own right chiefly for its industrial vestiges and records.

Course[edit]

The stream runs, WNW then north, about 7 km (4.3 mi) in the Vale of Holmesdale (a mainly geological term explaining the axis of the basins of the Medway, Mole, Tillingbourne and Wey, west branch). It mainly rises in the former manor farms and common land of Peaslake on the northern slopes of the Greensand Ridge. It drains much of the northern Winterfold Forest/Hurtwood: the upper half of the drainage basin is forest with some pasture save for the large hamlet itself. The stream waters the clustered village of Brook/Little London in Albury. On the left bank the stream has, after its coalescence of headwaters, the northern lands of Farley Green (the secondary village in Albury parish) then briefly a low corner of Blackheath, Wonersh – a sparsely-inhabited wooded plateau, on the opposite bank of the closest-to-village fields of Albury's main settlement, including a further former millhouse.[1]

The last 500 m (550 yd) demarcates the land (parish) of Albury from St Martha, centred on Chilworth.[2][3] It and the Tillingbourne were harnessed by digging leats (narrow cuts) and mill ponds for industrial mills – the Royal Gunpowder Mills, a long leat dividing Chilworth and supplying its largest pond, known today as The Fish Pond.[4]

The North Downs Line follows a distant right bank of the Brook for 1.8 km (1.1 mi) along the width of Albury's essentially rectangular parish.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Marsh, T; Hannaford, J, eds. (2008). UK Hydrometric Register (PDF). Hydrological data UK series. Wallingford, Oxfordshire: Centre for Ecology & Hydrology. ISBN 978-0-9557672-2-7.
  2. ^ Crocker, Glenys; Crocker, Alan (2000). Damnable Inventions: Chilworth Gunpowder and the Paper Mills of the Tillingbourne. Guildford: Surrey Industrial History Group. pp. 1–3. ISBN 0-9538122-0-0.
  3. ^ https://www.achurchnearyou.com/search/?lat=51.2&lon=-0.5 Church of England, parish maps, A Church Near You
  4. ^ Royal Gunpower Mills Newsletter 24. Accessed 2015-04-10.