Lee MacPhail

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Lee MacPhail
Lee MacPhail 2004.jpg
MacPhail at the White House for a Baseball Hall of Fame luncheon in 2004
Born Leland Stanford MacPhail, Jr.
(1917-10-25)October 25, 1917
Nashville, Tennessee
Died November 8, 2012(2012-11-08) (aged 95)
Delray Beach, Florida
Occupation Major League Baseball executive, American League president
Board member of New York Yankees, Baltimore Orioles
Spouse(s) 1) Jane Hamilton
2) Gwen Dayton
Children Allen, Andy, Bruce, Lee III
Parent(s) Leland Stanford "Larry" MacPhail, Sr., Inez Frances Thompson

Leland Stanford MacPhail, Jr. (October 25, 1917 – November 8, 2012) was an American front-office executive in Major League Baseball. MacPhail was a baseball executive for 45 years, serving as the director of player personnel for the New York Yankees, the president and general manager of the Baltimore Orioles, chief aide to Commissioner of Baseball William Eckert, executive vice president and general manager of the Yankees, and president of the American League.

He and Larry MacPhail are the only father-and-son pair to be inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame. Lee was honored in 1998.[1] At his death, MacPhail was the oldest living Hall of Famer.

Four-generation baseball family[edit]

Born in Nashville, Tennessee, he was the son of Larry MacPhail, front office executive with the Cincinnati Reds, Brooklyn Dodgers and the Yankees. His brother Bill MacPhail was president of CBS Sports and later was president of CNN Sports, brought on by Ted Turner to create the department upon the network's launch.

Lee MacPhail's son Andy is the president of the Philadelphia Phillies. He was general manager of the Minnesota Twins from 1986–94, president/CEO of the Chicago Cubs from 1994–2006, and president/baseball operations of the Orioles from 2007–11. Son Lee MacPhail III had begun a career in baseball and was an executive with the Reading Phillies of the Eastern League upon his untimely death at age 27 in an automobile accident on February 18, 1969.[2][3] In addition, grandson Lee MacPhail IV is active in baseball as director of professional scouting for the Seattle Mariners.[4]

Front office career[edit]

Lee MacPhail entered baseball in his father's Brooklyn Dodger organization, then joined the Yankees when Larry MacPhail became a co-owner of the team in 1945.[5] The younger MacPhail rose through the Yankees system, eventually becoming farm system director in the late 1940s and contributing to the organization's seven World Series championships from 1949 to 1958. He then moved to the Baltimore Orioles front office as general manager and, later, club president.[6] Under MacPhail's seven-year stewardship (1959–65), the Orioles became pennant contenders in the American League, winning 612 of 1,118 games (.547) and finishing in the league's first division four times. Led by Most Valuable Player Brooks Robinson, the 1964 Orioles finished only two games behind the pennant-winning Yankees.

At the time of his departure from Baltimore, MacPhail and his successor, Harry Dalton, were beginning negotiations with the Reds for a blockbuster trade that would bring Frank Robinson to Baltimore; Robinson would lead the Orioles to the 1966 world championship and win the American League Triple Crown and Most Valuable Player award.[7]

After a brief term as top aide to the new commissioner, Eckert, in 1965–66,[8] MacPhail served as the Yankees' general manager from October 14, 1966 to 1974, a rebuilding phase of the Yanks marked by the promotion of Bobby Murcer and Thurman Munson to the club, but no pennants or postseason appearances. After the 1973 season, in late October, MacPhail was elected the fifth American League president,[9] serving from January 1, 1974, to December 31, 1983. In replacing Joe Cronin, he moved the league's headquarters to New York City from Boston.

Although no AL franchise moved during MacPhail's term, he was in office for the dawning of the free agency era in 1976, and nine of the 12 league clubs in existence in 1974 underwent ownership changes. MacPhail also oversaw the league's 1977 expansion to 14 teams with the creation of the Toronto Blue Jays and the Seattle Mariners, and was credited with bringing an end to the 1981 baseball strike when he stepped in for the owners to handle stalled negotiations. During his ten full years in office, the American League continued to struggle against the National League in All-Star Game competition: it lost the first nine midsummer classics it played under MacPhail's presidency, winning only in his last season, 1983, by a 13–3 score.[10] The Junior Circuit compiled a 4–6 mark in World Series play over the same period.

MacPhail also played a major role in the 1983 Pine Tar Game, where a home run was taken away from Kansas City Royals slugger George Brett. After his retirement as AL president, MacPhail spent two final years in baseball as chairman of Major League Baseball's Player Relations Committee.

Later life[edit]

MacPhail lived in Delray Beach, Florida, where he died November 8, 2012, at his home. He was 95. At time of his death he was the oldest living Hall of Famer.[11]

Honors and awards[edit]

He was elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1998, joining his father, who had been elected in 1978, as the only father and son members.

In 1966, he received the Sporting News Executive of the Year Award.

The American League Championship Series Most Valuable Player Award is named for Lee MacPhail.[12]


External links[edit]

Preceded by
Paul Richards
Baltimore Orioles General Manager
Succeeded by
Harry Dalton
Preceded by
Dan Topping, Jr.
New York Yankees General Manager
Succeeded by
Gabe Paul