|Right fielder / Manager|
Born: March 9, 1893|
Died: November 15, 1969 (aged 76)|
|August 4, 1913, for the Cleveland Indians|
|Last MLB appearance|
|July 9, 1929, for the St. Louis Cardinals|
|Runs batted in||561|
|Career highlights and awards|
|Member of the National|
|Baseball Hall of Fame|
|Election Method||Veterans Committee|
William Harold Southworth (March 9, 1893 – November 15, 1969) was an American right fielder, center fielder and manager in Major League Baseball (MLB). As a player in 1913 and 1915 and from 1918 to 1929 for five big-league teams, Southworth took part in almost 1,200 games, fell just short of 1,300 hits and batted .297 lifetime. Southworth managed in 1929 and from 1940 through 1951. He oversaw three pennant-winning St. Louis Cardinals teams, winning two World Series, and another pennant with the Boston Braves, the last National League title in Boston baseball history. As manager of the Cardinals, his .642 winning percentage is the second-highest in franchise history and the highest since 1900.
Late in life, Southworth served as a scout for the Braves. He endured a great deal of tragedy in his baseball career, first experiencing the stillbirth of his twin babies and the deaths of his wife and his adult son. He died in 1969. He was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 2008. Six years later, the Cardinals inducted him into the St. Louis Cardinals Hall of Fame Museum. He also belongs to the Alabama Sports Hall of Fame. Southworth had a son, Billy Southworth Jr., and a cousin, Bill Southworth, who both played professional baseball.
Early life and playing career
Southworth was born in Harvard, Nebraska, to Orlando and Mariah Southworth and raised in Columbus, Ohio. He had four older brothers who played baseball. Before he was old enough to play with them, Southworth would give his old socks to his brothers so they could create makeshift balls. Southworth decided to play baseball against his father's wishes. Orlando Southworth had wanted his son to attend college. At the age of 19, he signed a contract with the Portsmouth team in the Ohio State League. He joined the Cleveland Indians in 1913, but only appeared in one game, entering as a replacement on defense.
In 1914, Southworth married Lida Brooks. She was a minister's daughter and they had met while Southworth was playing for Portsmouth. The couple's son, William Brooks Southworth, was born during Southworth's early playing career. Billy Southworth Jr. later became a professional baseball player for several seasons. The elder Southworth returned to the Cleveland Indians in 1915 and appeared in 60 games. He played for the Birmingham Barons in 1917 and part of 1918, when he made the Pittsburgh Pirates and played in 64 major league games.
Southworth played more regularly in 1919, appearing in 121 games and leading the league with 14 triples. With the exception of two seasons, Southworth played in at least that many games through 1926. In 1926, Southworth's offensive production increased and he finished the season with a .320 batting average, 16 home runs and 99 RBI. He ran into difficulty with New York manager John McGraw that year, as Southworth's independent style became incompatible with McGraw's strict leadership. He was traded from the New York Giants to the St. Louis Cardinals in the middle of the season. Southworth suffered a 1927 rib injury that limited his playing time. The Cardinals' leadership began to look for a role for Southworth beyond his playing career.
Early career as a manager
Southworth's managerial career began in 1928 with the Rochester Red Wings of the AA International League (IL), the top club in the Cardinals' farm system. In May, Southworth and his wife experienced the stillbirths of twins. Southworth returned home after losing the twins, but he quickly came back to Rochester. Late in the season, Southworth received word that Billy Jr. had been accidentally shot by a neighbor in Columbus. His son recovered, but the experience shook the manager. The team won the IL championship that season.
Southworth was promoted to St. Louis as player-manager for 1929, replacing Bill McKechnie, who won a National League pennant in 1928 and lost the World Series in four straight games to the New York Yankees. Southworth's Major League playing career reached the end of the road, as he appeared in only 19 games, five in the outfield, and batted only .188 with six hits. He finished with a .297 batting average in 1,192 MLB games played, 52 home runs, 91 triples, 173 doubles, 661 runs scored, and 561 RBI. He stole 138 bases in his career and had double-digit steal totals in eight seasons. As a big leaguer, Southworth had 1,296 hits in 4,359 at bats.
His 1929 MLB managerial debut was not much more successful than his playing stint. Only one year removed from being a teammate of his charges, he attempted to impose discipline on the Cardinals, banning them from driving their own automobiles. The team did not respond to his hard line and won only 43 of their first 88 games. Southworth was sent back to Rochester on July 21, McKechnie was rehired, and the Cardinals finished in fourth place.
Although Southworth immediately resumed his successful minor league managerial career, the firing and personal tragedy — the death of his wife Lida at age 42 — began a downward spiral. Beset by struggles with alcoholism, he quit a coaching job with the 1933 Giants during spring training and left baseball for two seasons. After a recovery, he rejoined the Cardinals' minor league system in 1935 and by 1939 he was again enjoying success as Rochester's manager. He remarried in 1935, wedding the former Mabel Stemen, with whom he had a daughter.
Return to the Cardinals
In June 1940, he received a second chance with the struggling Cardinals when owner Sam Breadon fired manager Ray Blades and promoted Southworth from Rochester. This time, the Cards flourished under him. With talented players such as Enos Slaughter, Marty Marion, Stan Musial, Walker Cooper, Mort Cooper, Whitey Kurowski and Johnny Beazley being harvested each spring from the club's farm system, the Cardinals entered a Golden Age in their history. Upon Southworth's appointment, they won 69 of 109 games and jumped from seventh to third place in 1940. The following season they won 97 games and finished second.
From 1942 to 1944, the Cardinals won 106, 105 and 105 games, three pennants and two World Series titles. His 1942 Cardinals, who breezed to the World Series championship in five games, were the only team (out of eight) to ever defeat Joe McCarthy's New York Yankees in a Fall Classic. In 1943, both teams met again in the World Series; but this time, the Yankees turned the tables on the Redbirds, winning in five games. The Cards' third successive National League pennant, in 1944, produced another world championship, a six-game triumph over the American League (AL) St. Louis Browns. With it, Southworth had presided over one of the most dominant three-year stretches in National League (NL) history.
However, another personal family tragedy struck when on February 15, 1945, his son, Billy Jr., by then a United States Army Air Forces major, died when his Boeing B-29 Superfortress crashed into Flushing Bay, New York after taking off from Mitchel Field, New York, on a training flight to Florida.
Later managerial career
Southworth moved to the Boston Braves in 1946, signing a then-lucrative managing contract for a reported $50,000 per season, and immediately led the Braves into the first division. Talented pitchers Johnny Sain and Warren Spahn had both returned from service in World War II that year.
In 1948, the Braves won their second NL pennant of the 20th century—and Boston's last National League title—but were defeated in six games by the Cleveland Indians in the 1948 World Series. In that World Series, all of the games were close except for one, when the Braves beat pitcher Bob Feller by a score of 11-5. Author John Rossi writes that Sain lost some respect for Southworth after the manager said the managing and not talent had won the 1948 pennant. Sain had already become irritated with Southworth after the 1948 signing of unproven "bonus baby" pitcher Johnny Antonelli. Sain and Southworth rarely spoke after 1948.
During the following season, 1949, Boston struggled on the field and was in chaos off the diamond. Southworth was rumored to be drinking heavily and near nervous collapse. Some players complained about his rules and regulations, and some, including starting shortstop Alvin Dark and second baseman Eddie Stanky, were critical of his drinking. Meanwhile, others, like Sain, resented the amount of credit Southworth had received for the 1948 pennant. With Boston at 55–54 on August 16, Southworth turned the Braves over to coach Johnny Cooney for the remainder of 1949. A newspaper account at the time characterized the change as a leave of absence for health reasons.
After some of the rebellious players (including Dark and Stanky) had been traded, Southworth returned to his post in 1950 and led the Braves back into the first division, but an aging team and declining attendance boded poorly for both Southworth's career and the Braves' future in New England. In 1951, Southworth's club was only 28–31 on June 19. He called the team's general manager, John Quinn, and asked to be allowed to resign, and he was replaced by his former standout right fielder, Tommy Holmes.
Southworth's major league managerial win-loss record was 1,044–704. His .597 winning percentage is second all-time among managers to McCarthy's .615. Southworth was the first to win the World Series as a player and again as a manager.
Southworth remained with the Braves as a scout in the 1950s. He was acquitted of drunken driving charges after a 1955 arrest, and retired from scouting at the end of his contract following the 1956 season. During his scouting days, he signed future all-time home run leader Hank Aaron, who was playing for the Indianapolis Clowns of the Negro Leagues.
|Team||From||To||Regular season record||Post–season record|
|W||L||Win %||W||L||Win %|
|St. Louis Cardinals||1929||1929||43||45||.489||—|
For the last couple of decades of his life, Southworth lived outside of Sunbury, Ohio. By the summer of 1969, his health had begun to fail and he was confined to his home. He gave a final interview to a reporter for the St. Louis Post-Dispatch; he commented on how difficult it would be for the 1969 Cardinals to win a third straight championship, as the 1944 team had done. Though he had quit smoking many years earlier, Southworth died of emphysema that year in Columbus, Ohio, and was buried in Green Lawn Cemetery.
Southworth's cousin, Bill Southworth, appeared in the major leagues in 1964.
Southworth was elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame in 2008. He had been eligible for election as a player in the 1940s, but he received few votes. After Southworth had been left off of the ballot as a manager in 2003, author Raymond Mileur had begun a campaign of letter writing, phone calls to the Hall of Fame, radio show comments and advocacy through his website known as "The Birdhouse". Southworth was elected after receiving 13 votes from the 16-member Veterans Committee.
On the occasion of Southworth's election to the Hall of Fame, one of his former players on the 1948 Braves, Clint Conatser, paid tribute to his old manager. "He just had a gut feeling about the right thing to do in a situation", Conatser recalled. "The moves he would make would work for him — all the time, not occasionally. Leo Durocher was the same way. It's like some guys can pick horses out of nowhere. Southworth was a genius like that on the diamond."
In January 2014, the Cardinals announced that Southworth was among 22 former players and personnel to be inducted into the St. Louis Cardinals Hall of Fame Museum for the inaugural class of 2014. He is also a member of the Alabama Sports Hall of Fame.
- List of St. Louis Cardinals team records
- List of Major League Baseball annual triples leaders
- List of Major League Baseball player-managers
- List of Major League Baseball managers by wins
- Skipper, p. 9.
- Charlton, James; Shatzkin, Mike; Holtje, Stephen (1990). The Ballplayers: baseball's ultimate biographical reference. New York: Arbor House/William Morrow. p. 1022. ISBN 0-87795-984-6.
- Eisenbath, Mike (1999). The Cardinals Encyclopedia. Temple University Press. pp. 376–377. ISBN 1566397030.
- "Billy Southworth Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved March 8, 2014.
- Skipper, p. 10.
- "Billy Southworth". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved March 8, 2014.
- "William Harold "Billy" Southworth". Alabama Sports Hall of Fame. Retrieved March 9, 2014.
- Armour, Mark (2004). Paths to Glory. Potomac Books. pp. 131–132. ISBN 1612342817.
- Skipper, p. 11.
- Daly, Jon. "Billy Southworth". Society for American Baseball Research. Retrieved March 8, 2014.
- The Columbus Dispatch, July 27, 2008
- Skipper, p. 146.
- Rossi, p. 54.
- Rossi, p. 65.
- Skipper, p. 165.
- Marshall, William, Baseball's Pivotal Era, page 281
- Time, December 26, 1949
- Durocher, Leo, with Linn, Ed, Nice Guys Finish Last. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1975, page 239
- "Billy Southworth accepts leave of absence for rest of season". Schenectady Gazette. August 17, 1949. Retrieved March 8, 2014.
- "Billy Southworth". Baseball Reference. Retrieved October 3, 2015.
- "Southworth, Billy". Baseball Hall of Fame. Retrieved March 8, 2014.
- Skipper, pp. 178-179.
- Skipper, pp. 181-183.
- Boston Braves Historical Association Newsletter, Spring Training 2008 edition; Bloomberg, Mort, "Billy Southworth #30", Billy Southworth.com
- Cardinals Press Release (January 18, 2014). "Cardinals establish Hall of Fame & detail induction process". www.stlouis.cardinals.mlb.com. Archived from the original on January 26, 2014. Retrieved January 29, 2014.
- Rossi, John (1999). A Whole New Game: Off the Field Changes in Baseball, 1946–1960. McFarland. ISBN 0786481560.
- Skipper, John C. (2013). Billy Southworth: A Biography of the Hall of Fame Manager and Ballplayer. McFarland. ISBN 0786468475.
- Billy Southworth at the Baseball Hall of Fame
- Southworth family tribute website
- Baseball Hall of Fame – 2008 inductee profile
- Career statistics and player information from Baseball-Reference, or Fangraphs, or The Baseball Cube
- Billy Southworth managerial career statistics at Baseball-Reference.com
- Billy Southworth at Find a Grave
- Southworth's Cardinals were dominant
- St. Louis skipper Southworth enshrined in Hall
- Baseball Evolution Hall of Fame – Player Profile
- The Deadball Era