City and former municipality
City walls and Glass Centre
Location of the former municipality in South Holland
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Leerdam (Dutch: [leːrˈdɑm] (listen); is a city and former municipality in the western Netherlands, in the province of Utrecht. The municipality was merged with the municipalities of Vianen and Zederik on January 1, 2019. The name of the new municipality is Vijfheerenlanden which is a part of the province Utrecht. The former municipality Leerdam was a part of the province South Holland.
The south border of the town is formed by the river Linge. The name originates from a dam in the river Lede which was a branch from the river Linge towards Meerkerk. Leerdam is situated almost exactly in the middle of the three highways A2, A15 and A27.
Leerdam received city rights in 1407. The small river Linge, bordered by beautiful water meadows, defines the atmosphere and tone of the landscape. Several centuries ago Leerdam formed a part of the Vijfheerenlanden domain, before it was raised to the level of County in 1498.
The rich history of Leerdam can be found in well-kept historic buildings such as the Grote Kerk (Great Church), the Hofje van Mevrouw van Aerden (Mrs. Aerden Almshouses, now a museum), the remaining and restored city walls on the Zuidwal and the Oude Raadhuis (Old City Hall).
In South Africa a fort was built by the Dutch East India Company between 1666 and 1679 in the coastal city Cape Town. It is called Castle of Good Hope. The corners of this fort received names in honour of William of Orange-Nassau and because Leerdam was part of the House of Orange-Nassau one of those corners were named Leerdam. 
Historical map of the Vijfheerenlanden
Two laughing boys with mug of beer by Frans Hals; Hofje van Mevrouw van Aerden, Leerdam
Since the 18th century, the town's culture has been strongly influenced by the glass industry and the timber industry. The glass currently manufactured in Leerdam is internationally known as Royal Leerdam or (particularly in respect of designer glass and glass art) as Royal Leerdam Crystal. This, with the National Glass Museum, the Glass Centre (with its glassblowing and demonstration activities), and several art galleries, make Leerdam a major tourist attraction in the Netherlands.
Born in Leerdam
- Cornelis Pieter van den Hoek (1921–2015), resistance fighter during World War II
- Jan van Houwelingen (1939–2013), politician
- Manon van Rooijen (born 1982), freestyle swimmer
- "Leerdam". Vijfheerenlanden. Retrieved 16 January 2019.
- "Castell de Goede Hoop History". Retrieved 21 December 2018.
- "The four corner stones of the castle (Kasteel de Goede Hoop) at the Cape are laid". Retrieved 21 December 2018.
- Collison, L (9 December 2016). "A Brief History Of The Castle Of Good Hope, Cape Town". Retrieved 21 December 2018.
- "Glasblazerij". Nationaal Glasmuseum. Retrieved 16 January 2019.
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