The Liaden universe (// lee-AY-den or //) is the setting for an ongoing series of science fiction stories written by Sharon Lee and Steve Miller. The series covers a considerable time period, some thousands of years in all, although since it also covers more than one universe the exact chronology is unclear. However the main timeline extends across only a few generations.
The central stories primarily concern Clan Korval, a leading house in Liaden society. The stories are primarily in the genre of space opera, with heavy doses of romance, intrigue, and wizardry.
As of December 2018 the series comprises 21 novels and at least 27 chapbooks (the stories within them now available as ebooks or in collections). The 22nd novel in the series will be published in December 2019. The writers are contracted to write five further novels.
- 1 Overview
- 2 History of the series
- 3 Books in the series
- 3.1 Novels
- 3.2 Short stories
- 3.3 Table of Liaden Universe short stories and novelettes
- 4 Characters
- 5 Concepts
- 6 Awards and recognition
- 7 Fan fiction
- 8 References
- 9 External links
The series is set at some unspecified time in the future. There is a reference to the planet named "Terra" not being the first planet to bear that name; however, the familiar names and cultural references in the core books (coupled with a lack of them in the "Crystal" books) suggest that it is "our" earth nonetheless. In the wake of a diaspora from a "decrystallizing" galaxy that was mankind's prior home, the human race is divided into three major sub-races: Terran, Liaden and Yxtrang. (There are also numerous isolated colony planets that have backslid technologically and are held as protectorates until their civilizations regain enough advances to cope with extraplanetary contact.)
The original seven-book "Agent of Change" sequence tells of the struggle between Clan Korval, a Liaden Clan of much note, and the mysterious "Department of the Interior". Though their headquarters on Liad were destroyed at the end of the original sequence, vestiges of the Department continue to plague Clan Korval in subsequent novels.
The eighth novel, Balance of Trade, is set 275 years prior to the end of the "Agent of Change" sequence. It features Jethri Gobelyn, a young Terran trader who is adopted by a Liaden Master Trader to the consternation of virtually everyone. A sequel to this popular book, Trade Secret, was published in 2013 and follows Jethri as he starts his career as a trader.
The ninth novel, Crystal Soldier, published in February 2005, takes place even earlier still: it is the first half of "The Great Migration Duology", and tells the story of Cantra yos'Phelium, who piloted the original exodus to Liad, and her partner M Jela. The sequel, Crystal Dragon, was published in 2006 and takes the story up through the founding of Liad and of Clan Korval.
There is a timeline of the Liaden novels, below.
History of the series
The series is notable because it almost failed to take flight, and probably would only be three books long except for the Internet. The authors had written the first three books (Agent of Change, Conflict of Honors, Carpe Diem) but were told that sales were not sufficient to justify continuing.
Unbeknownst to them the books had caused such a stir on the Usenet group rec.arts.sf.written that they were added to the group's FAQ. Upon gaining Internet access, the authors were surprised to find so many people looking for the next book, and even more surprised that its title was already decided upon: Plan B. They published some chapbooks to stave off the hungry fans and started writing: Plan B and a further three books followed in due course to complete the "Agent of Change" sequence. There are also a number of short stories, some filling in gaps between novels, some providing background on minor (and not so minor) characters.
All the novels are available as ebooks.
Books in the series
The first three novels were originally published in mass-market by Del Rey. The novels were later re-published, along with several subsequent novels, by the now-defunct Meisha Merlin, who have also anthologised the earlier novels. The novels were then re-issued in mass-market by Ace Books.
All books and many of the stories were formerly available in electronic form from Embiid Publishing, which is now out of business.
In 2007, Baen Books published the first 10 Liaden novels in electronic form, followed by two short story collections. Baen began publishing new Liaden novels in 2009, and in 2010 began releasing the first 10 Liaden novels in omnibus trade paperbacks.
|Cantra and Jela||Jethri Gobelyn||Clan Korval||Theo Waitley||The Kompani|
|...... Many, many years pass ......|
|Balance of Trade|
|...... Many years pass ......|
|Local Custom (Anne & Er Thom)|
|Scouts Progress (Aelliana & Daav)|
|Mouse & Dragon (Aelliana & Daav)|
|... Interval of perhaps 20 years ...|
|Conflict of Honors (Priscilla & Shan)|
|Agent of Change (Val Con & Miri)|
|Carpe Diem (Val Con & Miri)|
|Plan B (Val Con & Miri; Shan)||Fledgling|
|I Dare (Pat Rin & Natesa; Ren Zel & Anthora)||Saltation|
|Ghost Ship (Theo Waitley)||Necessity's Child|
|Dragon Ship (Theo Waitley, Bechimo and crew)|
|Dragon in Exile ......||The Gathering Edge||...... Dragon in Exile|
|Alliance of Equals|
- Time flows down the chart, so events in those novels on the same horizontal level are happening (roughly) concurrently
- Columns represent main characters and/or clans
- Color Key
- Red = Progenitor Universe
- Orange = Trade Areas of Terran and Liaden space
- Yellow = primarily Liaden Space (with primary characters shown in parenthesis)
- Green = Theo's home world (Delgado), first journey, Anlingdin Piloting Academy, and beyond
- Pink = Planet Surebleak
- Blue = Planet Surebleak and wide-ranging space faring & trading
- Gray = Trading, space faring, and A.I. mentoring
Novels listed in the order of the timeline of the Liaden universe.
The Great Migration Duology
These two novels comprise the origin story of the Liaden universe and introduce us to Cantra and Jela.
- Crystal Soldier (February 2005, ISBN 1-59222-083-5)
- Crystal Dragon (February 2006, ISBN 1-59222-087-8)
Liaden novels featuring Jethri Gobelyn
These stories of merchants and intrigue take place between "The Great Migration" and "Agent of Change" sequences
- Balance of Trade (2004, ISBN 1-59222-020-7, winner of the Hal Clement Award for best Young Adult Science Fiction novel of 2004)
- Trade Secret, a sequel to Balance of Trade was published by Baen in hardcover in Nov. 2013. ISBN 9781451639292
The "Agent of Change" sequence
This is the mainline for stories in the Liaden universe. In the later novels the "Theo Waitley" story timeline becomes coincident with the "Clan Korval" and "Surebleak" timelines. See notes below tables.
Liaden novels featuring Theo Waitley Fledgling Baen Books (September 2009) ISBN 1-4391-3287-9 Introduction to Theo Waitley, school girl, who finds her unique qualities during off world travel, with the help of Liaden Scouts. [Young Adult] Saltation Baen Books (April 2010) ISBN 978-1439134528 Theo attends pilot academy sponsored by a Scout and, despite opposition, becomes a working Pilot with the help of allies. Ghost Ship Baen Books (August 2011 ) ISBN 978-14391-3455-9 Theo's adventures as a courier for Uncle, then with Bechimo she contracts for a trade loop with Korval, now installed on Surebleak. Dragon Ship Baen Books (September 2012) ISBN 978-1451637984 Further adventures as Theo pilots Bechimo under contract to Korval. The Clan deal with Surebleak and the Department of Interior. The Gathering Edge Baen Books (May 2017) ISBN 978-1-4767-8218-8 All Theo, All the Time, which makes Edge the direct sequel to Dragon Ship, with the action taking place concurrently with that described in Dragon in Exile and Alliance of Equals. Neogenesis Baen Books (Jan 2018) ISBN 978-1-4814-8278-3 Pulls together most of the loose threads from earlier novels, including Clan Korval, Surebleak, and Theo threads.
Notes on novels
- Fledgling (2007), a 31-chapter serialized novel, was first seen in draft form on the authors' website, with chapters released weekly from January 2007 through October 2007. Fledgling introduces Theo Waitley and gives some of the background to her unexpected arrival at the end of I Dare. The revised version Fledgling (2009) was published in hardcover by Baen Books (September 2009 ISBN 1-4391-3287-9). The original pre-revision Fledgling can be downloaded for free from both Amazon  and the Baen Free Library.
- Saltation (draft complete, January 2009), the sequel to Fledgling, a weekly serial novel on the authors' website. Publication began on Monday, 21 January 2008. A revised version was released in hardcover by Baen Books in April 2010 ISBN 1-4391-3345-X.
- Ghost Ship, the sequel to Saltation, was published by Baen Books on 2 August 2011. A synopsis of Ghost Ship was published in September 2010. Ghost Ship's first draft was completed in late August 2010, and was published in hardcover ISBN 978-14391-3455-9 by Baen in August 2011, and paperback ISBN 978-14516-3792-2 in July 2012
- Dragon Ship, the sequel to Ghost Ship, was published in hardcover by Baen Books on 4 September 2012. ISBN 978-1451637984.
- Necessity's Child, which occurs on Surebleak at the same time as Ghost Ship, was published by Baen in hardcover in Feb. 2013.
- Dragon in Exile, was published in hardcover (2 June 2015) and e-book (15 May 2015) by Baen Books in May 2015. ISBN 978-1-4767-8071-9.
The (30th) Anniversary edition of the second Liaden Universe® novel, Conflict of Honors, will be published in November 2019 as a mass market paperback.
Accepting the Lance, the 22nd Liaden Universe novel, was delivered to publishers in January 2019 and will be published in December 2019. It completes both the five-book arc which begins with Dragon in Exile and the 20-book arc which begins with Agent of Change. After this Lee and Miller are contracted to Baen to write five more novels in the Liaden Universe. The subjects of the first two have been announced:
- On 16 January 2019, Sharon Lee announced that one of the forthcoming books will be a sequel to Trade Secret the first draft to be written by Steve Miller.
- On 6 February 2019, Sharon Lee announced that they are scheduled to deliver another book this year (2019) to Baen. detailing the Further Adventures of the Dutiful Passage, which happen concurrently with the action in Accepting the Lance.
The writers then plan to write a three novel series with the working title Liaden Triple Threat.
- Partners in Necessity (Feb. 2000, ISBN 978-1-8920-6510-0 hardcover, ISBN 978-1-8920-6501-8 trade paperback)
- Contains Conflict of Honors, Agent of Change, and Carpe Diem
- Pilots Choice (Feb. 2001, ISBN 978-1-8920-6511-7 hardcover; November 2004, ISBN 978-1-8920-6502-5 trade paperback)
- Contains Local Custom and Scout's Progress
Baen e-book only
These were released immediately upon Lee & Miller coming to Baen in the wake of Meisha Merlin's dissolution, to bring the e-books back into print and begin earning royalties for Lee & Miller (who had not been paid by Meisha Merlin) right away. For new readers, the subsequent Baen omnibus editions (below) provide the same books at a lower cost.
- Korval's Legacy Collection (Baen ebook bundle)
- Contains Conflict of Honors, Agent of Change, Carpe Diem, Plan B, and Local Custom
- Phase Change Collection (Baen ebook bundle)
- Contains Scout's Progress, I Dare, Crystal Soldier, Crystal Dragon, and Balance of Trade
Additionally, Agent of Change and Fledgling are available at no cost in the Baen Free Library
Baen print & e-book
- The Dragon Variation (Jun. 2010, ISBN 1-4391-3369-7 trade paperback)
- Contains Local Custom, Scout's Progress, and Conflict of Honors
- The Agent Gambit (Jan. 2011, ISBN 1-4391-3407-3 trade paperback)
- Contains Agent of Change and Carpe Diem
- Korval's Game (May 2011, ISBN 1-4391-3439-1 trade paperback)
- Contains Plan B and I Dare
- The Crystal Variation (Sep. 2011, ISBN 978-1-4391-3463-4 trade paperback)
- Contains Crystal Soldier, Crystal Dragon, and Balance of Trade
These also include stories about Lute and Moonhawk, the earlier incarnations of two major characters in the books. Some short stories also are being made available for free either in the Baen Free Library or at Splinter Universe.
On 2 April 2012, Sharon Lee and Steve Miller announced that Baen had purchased publication rights for the contents of Chapbooks #1 through #17 (Two Tales of Korval through Skyblaze), and they would be reissued in two volumes. The first, Liaden Universe Constellation Volume I was published by Baen for July 2013 in trade paperback (tpb) and ebook formats. The second volume was published by Baen in January 2014. The third volume was published by Baen in August 2015. The fourth volume was published by Baen in June 2019.
Baen has collected the chapbooks and other short stories in four volumes:
- A Liaden Universe Constellation Volume 1 (2013, ISBN 978-1-4516-3923-0 trade paperback, ISBN 978-1-62579-136-8 eBook)
- A Liaden Universe Constellation Volume 2 (2014, ISBN 978-1-4516-3944-5 trade paperback, ISBN 978-1-62579-222-8 eBook)
- A Liaden Universe Constellation Volume 3 (2015, ISBN 978-1-47678-068-9 trade paperback, ISBN 978-1-62579-717-9 eBook)
- A Liaden Universe Constellation Volume 4 (4 June 2019, ISBN 978-1-4814-8404-6 trade paperback, ISBN 978-1-4814-8404-6 eBook)
Out of print collections
The chapbooks have been collected in two compilations:
- Liaden Universe Companion Volume One (2005, ISBN 0-9722473-8-6 hardcover, ISBN 0-9722473-9-4 trade paperback)
- Liaden Universe Companion Volume Two (2007, ISBN 978-0-9776639-5-8 hardcover, ISBN 978-0-9776639-6-5 soft cover)
These stories are also being published by Baen webscriptions as the Liaden Universe Big Bang consisting of Liaden Unibus I and Liaden Unibus II. This includes the first 12 Liaden Universe chapbooks. It does not include the chapbook Calamity's Child (containing Liaden story Sweet Waters and non-Liaden A Night At the Opera), or the non-Liaden chapbooks The Naming of Kinzel and Master Walk.
Selected chapbooks are now being published by SRM Publisher (using the imprint Pinbeam Books) in the Amazon Kindle, Angus & Robertson, Apple, Baen, Baker & Taylor, Barnes and Noble Nook, Bibliotheca, Google, Rakuten Kobo, Overdrive, Playster, Scribd, Tolino, and 24Symbols ebook stores. In all these stores, they are sold without DRM. See below for availability.
Table of Liaden Universe short stories and novelettes
|Title||Summary||Published in||Kindle/Nook/Kobo||Baen Unibus||SRM "LUC"||Baen "CON"|
|"To Cut an Edge"||Val Con meets Edger.||Two Tales of Korval (#1)||Yes||I||1||1|
|"A Day at the Races"||Shan and Val Con outrage Aunt Kareen.|
|"Where the Goddess Sends"||The first tale of Lute and Moonhawk.||Fellow Travellers (#2)||Yes||I|
|"A Spell for the Lost"||The second tale of Lute and Moonhawk.|
|"Moonphase"||The 55th tale of Lute and Moonhawk.|
|"Pilot of Korval"||Daav and Er Thom must take up their responsibilities.||Duty Bound (#3)||Yes||I|
|"Breath's Duty"||Daav must take up a painful task|
|"The Wine of Memory"||Lute and Moonhawk must save one of his oldest friends.||Certain Symmetry (#4)||Yes||I|
|"Certain Symmetry"||Pat Rin must execute a friend's will—at considerable risk to himself.|
|"Balance of Trade"||(expanded for the novel)||Trading in Futures (#5)||Yes||I|
|"A Choice of Weapons"||Daav has a bad time at a party.|
|"The King of the Cats"||(non-canon, cross-over with other stories by Steve Miller)||The Cat's Job||Yes||No||3|
|"Changeling"||How Ren Zel became a pilot and what befell him thereafter.||Absolute Magnitude #14 and Changeling (#6)||Yes||I||2||1|
|"A Matter of Dreams"||The oft-disappointed crew of an itinerant spaceship find that magic and dreams can come face to face with the reality of money and power—and that power abhors an honest confrontation; meanwhile the young Moonhawk begins her spiral of trouble...||Loose Cannon (#7)||Yes||II|
|"Phoenix"||Artists and the abandoned must struggle to survive in the impoverished outskirts of Liad's greatest spaceport.|
|"Heirloom"||Pat Rin must play a perfect game—without rules.||Shadows and Shades (#8)||Yes||II|
|"Naratha's Shadow"||A Scout must control an ancient artifact.|
|"Quiet Knives"||The tale of Captain Rolanni (mentioned in Carpe Diem), called upon to answer a promise she made years and worlds ago.||Quiet Knives (#9)||Yes||II||2|
|"Veil of the Dancer"||The story of a brilliant young girl, her doting father, and the gift that proved to be so much more informative—and dangerous—than either of them had anticipated|
|"Lord of the Dance"||Pat Rin hosts a dance on Surebleak for his subjects as Boss and his Korval family, with surprises in store for everyone—not least of all, Pat Rin himself.||With Stars Underfoot (#10)||Yes||II|
|"This House"||A retired Healer is presented with his most challenging case: a young lady who only he might be able to help—who also happens to be his ex-lover's new lover.|
|"Sweet Waters"||A Liaden Scout is stranded when his ship breaks down.||Calamity's Child||Yes||No||1|
|"The Beggar King"||Young Daav yos'Phelium and a Juntavas boss work together to solve a mystery of disappearing pilots in the Low Port.||Necessary Evils (#11)||Yes||II||None||2|
|"Necessary Evils"||In the time of the Crystal Soldier/Crystal Dragon prequels, a meeting between an enslaved scientist and genetically-engineered indentured workers may mean freedom for both.|
|"Prodigal Son"||Val Con returns to Vandar, the primitive world where he and Miri lived for a while, to tidy up one last loose end with the Department of the Interior. Set during, and partly incorporated into, Ghost Ship.||Allies (#12)||Yes||II||None|
|"Fighting Chance"||The story of the young Miri Robertson's last days on Surebleak.|
|"Daughter of Dragons"||A tale of some of Lady Kareen yos'Phelium's struggles during the inception of Plan B.||Dragon Tide (#13)||Yes||No||None|
|"Dragon Tide"||Set in the pre-Korval Crystal Soldier/Crystal Dragon universe.|
|"Persistence"||Occurs between Pat Rin having the ring from the Dept. of Interior and his arrival on Surebleak.||Eidolon (#14)||Yes||No||None|
|"Shadow Partner"||Occurs just before "A Day at the Races".|
|"Misfits"||The Story of the Weatherman and What Became of Him.||Misfits (#15)||Yes||No||None|
|"Hidden Resources"||Occurs at Korval's hidey-hole for the children and elders during the first part of Ghost Ship.||Halfling Moon (#16)||Yes||No||None|
|"Moon on the Hills"||Occurs on Surebleak during the first part of Ghost Ship.|
|"Skyblaze"||A taxi driver with interesting past ties to Korval finds a new future on Korval-dominated Surebleak.||Skyblaze (#17)||Yes||No||None|
|"Kin Ties"||What happens when the last of Clan Jabun meets Ren Zel?||Courier Run (#18)||Yes||No||None||3|
|"Guaranteed Delivery"||The Ride the Luck makes a special delivery.|
|"Intelligent Design"||Where did Val Con and Shan find Jeeves?||Legacy Systems (#19)||Yes||No||None|
|"The Space at Tinsori Light"||After a jump gone wrong, a pilot of Clan Korval finds himself at a most unusual aid station in the middle of nowhere...literally.||Yes||No||None|
|"Moon's Honor"||As a faction of renegade priestesses seeks to circumvent the Dyan City High Priestess to outlaw "hedge magicians", Moonhawk meets Lute for the first time.||Moon's Honor (#20)||Yes||No||None|
|"Landed Alien"||Kara ven'Arith finds life after graduation from Eylot Pilot Academy complicated.||www.baen.com and Technical Details (#21)||Yes||No||None|
|"Eleutherios"||The friars at a down-and-out abbey are taken in hand by an unlikely savior.|
|"Chimera"||Two novelettes set on Surebleak after it has been invaded and conquered by Pat Rin yos'Phelium Clan Korval.||Sleeping with the Enemy (#22)||Yes||No||None||No|
|"Friend of a Friend"||4|
|"Street Cred"||Two stories dealing with the complications arising from decisive change, and decisive Change Management at the point of peril. "Wise Child," reprinted from Baen.com.||Change Management (#23)||Yes||No||None|
|"Due Diligence"||Cornered in a cheap bar by a too-knowledgeable stranger with an unlikely offer, Fer Gun realized having no money and no license might be the least of his troubles.||Due Diligence (#24)||Yes||No||None||4|
|"Out of True"||In the time of Balance of Trade, an itinerant freighter crew discovers that norbears can be good company.||www.baen.com and Cultivar (#25)||Yes||No||None||3|
|"The Rifle's First Wife"||Former Yxtrang soldier Diglon Rifle and Scout Alara chel’Voyon discover that sometimes two problems solve each other.||Splinter Universe and Cultivar (#25)|
|"Roving Gambler"||Quin yos'Phelium makes a new friend.||Splinter Universe and Heirs to Trouble (#26)||Yes||No||None|
|"Code of Honor"||When a young mercenary soldier is recalled home to Liad, he finds he must choose between the honor of the mercs and the honor of his Clan.|
|"Degrees of Separation"||Here is small tale of Lives in progress, plans made and altered—and altered again. A tale of bread, and Luck, and Love...and Lowport.||Degrees of Separation (#27)||Yes||No||None||4|
|"Cutting Corners".||Not having a proper mechanic on-board—just one more way that the line cut corners, and saved itself, so the story went, a goodly amount of money.||www.baen.com||No||No||None|
|"Block Party"||A heartwarming story of orphans, neighbors, hope, and warm pastry with hot tea. Follows on from Degrees of Separation.||www.baen.com||No||No||None|
|"Excerpts from Two Lives"||Two people seek to restore lost glory to their nation using poorly understood old technology.||Star Destroyers||No||No||None|
|"Revolutionists"||One man's insurgent is another man's freedom fighter...||Razor's Edge||No||No||None|
|"Command Decision"||?||Release the Virgins||No||No||None||No|
|"Fortune's Favors"||Mar Tyn's Luck has recently cost him his home, and his savings. He has only one thing left to gamble. And his life might not be enough.||Fortune's Favors (#28)||Yes||No||None||No|
|"Shout of Honor"||Commander Vepal is a Hero. He is also the Yxtrang ambassador to the greater universe. These two facts do not make Vepal's life easy. But they do make it interesting.||Shout of Honor (#29)||Yes||No||None||No|
As mentioned above, there are three main divisions of the human race which appear in the stories. There are some notable non-humans also.
Home planet "Liad". Liadens are usually shorter than the Terran norm, often with golden skin. They are deeply concerned with their melant'i which roughly corresponds to the concern with "face" for which Japanese Samurai are famous. Some are almost rabidly isolationist; it is not uncommon for Liaden to refer to those of other races as "it" likening them to animals. Several characters are part- or even half-Terran: this does not endear them to the isolationists.
Liaden society is clan-based, each Clan being made up of one or more families ("lines"). The Head of a Clan is the "Delm", the head of a line is the "Thodelm"; either might be male or female as circumstances dictate.
Liaden Clans do not generally allow lifemating. Instead, Liaden's practice contract marriages, where two individuals from different clans are ordered, or allowed, by their Delms to create a progeny for one of the two clans. This marriage is over when the terms of the contract are fulfilled. Most members of the clan must produce at least one progeny to replace them.
Lifemating is when two individuals become exclusively bound to one and other. This can happen rarely by order of a Delm, or this can happen by the physical, emotional, and spiritual bonding of two individuals with dramliza abilities (regardless of the depth of those abilities).
Some Liaden are trained as explorers: the Scouts. They are regarded with distaste by the more isolationist within Liaden society.
Most of the stories thus far centre on members of Clan Korval, made up of the yos'Phelium and yos'Galan lines. Scouts also appear often.
- Val Con yos'Phelium - Delm, ex-Scout, Lifemate to Miri
- Shan yos'Galan - Master Trader, foster-brother to Val Con; Lifemate of Priscilla Delacroix y Mendoza; (current incarnation of Lute)
- Daav yos'Phelium - ex-Delm, ex-Scout, father to Val Con and Theo Waitley
- Jen Sar Kiladi—Daav's alter ego, a professor of Cultural Genetics at Delgado University. Jen Sar was the onagrata of Kamele Waitley.
- Aelliana Caylon - Lifemate to Daav, mother to Val Con
- Er Thom yos'Galan - Master Trader, Lifemate of Anne Davis, father to Shan, Nova and Anthora
- Pat Rin yos'Phelium - cousin to Val Con
- Kareen yos'Phelium - sister to Daav, mother to Pat Rin, expert on "The Code of proper conduct"
- Anthora yos'Galan - sister to Shan and Nova, with preternatural (Dramliza) abilities
- Ren Zel dea'Judan - Lifemate to Anthora, with preternatural (Dramliza) abilities
- Nova yos'Galan - sister to Shan, Anthora and Val Con
- Luken bel'Tarda - cousin, rug dealer, foster father of Pat Rin.
- Children and younger members (in no particular order) - Quinn, Padi, Syl Vor; Mik and Shindi; and Talizea.
- Jen Sin yos’Phelium - Chief Light Keeper at Tinsori Light. Thought to have died two hundred years ago, but was "merely temporarily misplaced".
- Jan Rek ter'Astin - Scout Captain, friend of Jethri Gobelyn
- Clonak ter'Meulen - Scout, friend of Daav and Val Con
- Shadia ne'Zame - Scout, friend of Clonak
- Win Ton yo'Vala - Scout, friend of Theo Waitley and Less Pilot of Bechimo
Home planet known as "Terra". As remarked above, there is a brief reference to the possibility that this planet is possibly the fourth of that name. At least one prior Terra would have been destroyed along with the war-torn universe/Galaxy from which mankind fled in Crystal Dragon. From cultural references, familiar English names, and references to regional linguistic dialects that appear in the core books, it seems likely that this Terra is nonetheless our own Earth. There appears to be some resentment that the "younger" races (usually Liaden) hold more power in the realm of shipping and commerce than Terra; there is reference to at least one political party involved in less-than-legal operations.
The Juntavas are an organized-crime "clan" who appear in various guises, sometimes as antagonists, sometimes as allies of the main characters. Unlike the real-world mafia, the Juntavas are apparently able to act as an unopposed organized government in their own right, to the point of having appointed officials called Sector Judges who administer justice within their appointed jurisdictions. The Juntavas are usually not as oppressive as they might be, because they have learned that too much of that sort of thing is "bad for business."
A number of other planets are known to have non-Liaden human inhabitants, presumably of the Terran strain. Some of these worlds, such as Surebleak and Delgado, were settled by Terrans from this universe's Terra. Others, such as Sintia, were settled by ships from the same Crystal Dragon-era colonization waves as Liad and Terra.
Some of these colony worlds, such as Vandar, have backslid to pre-spaceflight technology levels. These worlds have been considered interdicted by the Liaden Scout Corps, with external contact forbidden in order to permit their societies to develop without interference. As of "Prodigal Son," post-I Dare, there are signs that this policy may be changing.
- Jethri Gobelyn - apprentice trader, apprenticed to Norn ven'Deelin
- Iza Gobelyn - Captain of Gobelyn's Market, mother to Cris, Seeli, Jethri
- Arin Gobelyn - deceased, husband to Iza, father to Jethri, related to Uncle
- Cris Gobelyn - first mate of Gobelyn's Market, Iza's eldest child
- Dyk Gobelyn - junior on Gobelyn's Market, cook
- Khatelane Gobelyn - pilot on Gobelyn's Market
- Mel Gobelyn - on Gobelyn's Market
- Paitor Gobelyn - trader on Gobelyn's Market, brother to Iza
- Seeli Gobelyn - admin on Gobelyn's Market, Iza's second child
- Zam Gobelyn - on Gobelyn's Market
- Grig Tomas - back-up everything on Gobelyn's Market, Arin's cousin, related to Uncle
- Anne Davis - Lifemate to Er Thom, mother to Shan, master linguist and musician
- Priscilla Delacroix y Mendoza - Lifemate to Shan (current incarnation of Moonhawk)
- Miri Robertson - half-Liaden "Mercenary Retired, Bodyguard Retired, Have Weapon Will Travel", Lifemate to Val Con and joint Delm (Delmae)
- Inas Bhar - Juntavas Sector Judge Natesa the Assassin, Lifemate of Pat Rin
- Gordy Arbuthnot - cabin boy, Dutiful Passage. Shan's nephew via the Davis side of the family.
- Theo Waitley - recently discovered (by Delm Korval and the clan generally) daughter to Daav yos'Phelium and acknowledged in Ghost Ship as blood kin to Korval but not Seen by Delm Korval so not a clan member (Daav and Val Con would probably advise Theo against membership at present).
- Kamele Waitley - Theo's mother and professor at Delgado University. Da'av was Kamele's Onagrata using the name Jen Sar Kiladi after Aelliana's murder.
- Cheever McFarland - Master Pilot, messenger to Korval, then Pat Rin's bodyguard/chief of security.
- Clarence o'Berin - Juntavas Boss on Liad; after retirement sat Second on Bechimo.
- Tollance Berik-Jones aka Tolly aka 1362—a mentor, who ensures that AIs are brought into awareness well socialized. Attached to Tocohl's mission.
- (The) Uncle (aka Yuri)—a serially reborn meddler with a finger in everybody's pies, while at any one time tending a half-dozen certain-to-be-unsettling projects of his own. Uncle remembers the old universe. Has ties to Cantra and to some crew members of Gobelyn's Market.
- Note: technically Uncle isn't a Terran because he predates Terra.
- Seignur Veeoni—one of Uncle's clones; she's working on making modern-day fractins at an undisclosed location.
- Dulsey Omron—Uncle's long-time companion and assistant.
- Grig (Grigory) Tomas—See Gobelyns.
- Raisy (Raisana) Thomas—Grig's older twin sister.
- Hakan Meltz - Val Con and Miri's musical friend on Vandar
- Estra Trelu - person Val Con and Miri stayed with on Vandar
- Athna Brigsbee - Vandar busybody
- Kem Darmill - Hakan Meltz' girlfriend and later (by the time of Prodigal Son) wife.
- various Juntavas
- various people on Surebleak
- various people on Vandar
- Jeeves - planetary security A.I. repurposed as butler to yos'Galen at Trealla Fantrol, but transferred to Jelaza Kazone upon Korval's relocation to Surebleak.
- Tocohl Lorlin (Daughter of Korval) - Jeeves' daughter. Currently in control of Tinsori Light.
- Bechimo - a "sentient and sapient" space ship, built long ago as a "long-loop trader", incorporating "old tech." He was rediscovered by Win Ton yo'Vala. Theo Waitley became his Captain.
- Admiral Bunter - Originally a composite AI, made up of seven semiderelict ships (with thirteen old and cramped computers between them) out of the junkyard at Jemiatha's Jumble Stop. Admiral Bunter is Theo's Fault. It guarded Jamiatha's Jumble Stop Station from pirates for a time; it was later transferred to another "cranium" and ship by Mentor Tolly Jones, Tocol Lorin, and Inkirani Yo (another mentor), and has since become a "Free Ship," no longer associated with Jamiatha's Jumble Stop.
- Disian - A "Free ship" mentored by Tolly Jones.
Home planet unknown at this time. Usually much larger than the Terran norm, they are a war-like people who live for conquest. They are almost universally prone to thinking of the other human races as animals.
References in Crystal Soldier and Crystal Dragon suggest that the Yxtrang are the descendants of a group of "X Strain" and "Y Strain" genetically-engineered soldiers who served in a platoon with Jela and accompanied the human migration to the new universe. Some of them venerate Jela (an "M Strain") for his skills and deeds as a warrior.
It is not known whether they can interbreed with Liadens or Terrans, though given their common genetic origin there is no reason why they should not be able to; the likely lifespan of such offspring is short, not for merely biological reasons.
- Nelirikk - ex-Explorer (equivalent to Scout), subsequently sworn to Line yos'Phelium, becomes Miri's bodyguard; aka "Beautiful"
- Hazenthull Explorer - junior Explorer, subsequently sworn to Line yos'Phelium
- Diglon Rifle - enlisted soldier attached to Hazenthull, subsequently sworn to Line yos'Phelium
These non-humans are even larger than Yxtrang and very long-lived; they appear much like turtles walking upright, hence the name. The length of their names are directly proportional to how old they are and their accomplishments: Edger's full name apparently takes some hours to recite. They are usually slow to act but are very dangerous when angered.
Clutch turtles travel in starships made from hollowed-out asteroids using an electron substitution drive that can have hallucinogenic effects on the human nervous system. They are able to command forces of great destructive or healing potential by singing. Clutch turtles are greatly feared and avoided by the Yxtrang as the result of a resounding defeat in battle many years prior to the timeframe of the story.
The Clutch turtles encountered in the "Agent of Change" sequence make up a "market research" team on behalf of their clan, who are known for manufacturing crystalline blades of extreme sharpness and durability by growing them in caves over a timespan of decades.
There are many cats which appear in the stories, usually by name, often taking an active part in the proceedings. Unlike ordinary housecats, these cats often display paranormal abilities, as well as considerable intelligence.
- Flinx - at Tarnia's Clanhouse
- Lord Merlin - Anthora's cat, very active in I Dare
- Patch - Binjali Repair Shop's resident cat and "co-owner"
- Lady Dignity- Daav yos'Phelium's answer to his sister's complaint that he has no (dignity, that is)
- Relchin - An orange-and-white cat who "enjoys the outdoors" also resides with Daav yos'Phelium
- Silk - Pat Rin's mouser and majordomo on Surebleak
- Charzi - lives in the Lysta Clanhouse in "Misfits"
- Coyster - Jen Sar Kiladi's cat, attached to Theo Waitley on Delgado in Fledgling
- Mandrin - Jen Sar Kiladi's black and white on Delgado
Norbear—Size: 16–22 cm; Weight: 121–180 g. Furred quadrupedal mammal with a burrowing habit; soft dense coat, ranging in color from grey, brown, black, orange, white and mixed. Herbivore. Fearless and lively disposition, natural empath. Adapts well to domestication. Banned on certain worlds. Check port rules before importing. —Courier Wildlife Guide, Fourteenth Edition.
- Master Frodo aboard the Dutiful Passage in Conflict of Honors.
- Podesta: Hevelin's great-granddaughter
The race formally known as Ssussdriads. An unusual character is Jelaza Kazone (a term that has been translated as "Jela's Promise," "Jela's Contract," or "Jela's Dream," among other variants) and the seedlings thereof (of which only two have thus far appeared in narrative). This very large tree lives in the grounds of Clan Korval's primary residence (also called Jelaza Kazone) and is in the habit of communicating its likes and dislikes to senior members of that clan; it has particularly been noted to have an interest in the likely parents of future children of the Clan.
As a young soldier, Jela found the tree on a desert planet on which his ship had crashed. Though barely a stunted seedling and the last member of a dying race, the tree was by itself able to repel invasion of the planet by the enemy Sheriekas. As an act of trust, the tree gave its only seed pod to feed the starving Jela. When Jela's rescue came, he refused to leave the tree behind.
The tree proved to be intelligent, and able to communicate via mental images. It also had the ability to manipulate the chemistry of its seed pods to create useful pharmaceutical compounds. Both these powers proved useful as Jela and Cantra searched for information necessary for mankind to escape its collapsing universe.
The name Jelaza Kazone refers to the promise Cantra yos'Phelium made to Jela, who knew he was destined to die before the migration could be complete, to see the tree through to safety on the new human homeworld. Clan Korval holds itself the guardian of this promise in perpetuity, and every trading vessel of Korval carries a seed of the tree somewhere on board, to ensure the survival of its race.
- Tree mentioned in Plan B at Erob's Clan house on Lytaxin.
- Seedling was installed on Cantra's ship at the end of Crystal Dragon. This sapling was recovered, alive, in Neogenesis.
- Sapling planted on Yulie Sharper's freeholding.
- Two saplings planted on yos'Galan's island on SureBleak.
A great deal of the Liaden culture centers on melant'i. Part of this concept is roughly analogous to personal honor or good manners: a person of impeccable melant'i will behave in a certain way, in a given situation. It is also used to distinguish between a person's different roles in life. If one is speaking to a shipmate in one's role as an officer of the ship, one uses a particular mode to cue the shipmate as to the formality of the situation, and is said to be expressing one's melant'i as that officer. If, on the other hand, one is speaking to the same shipmate, but in the role of daughter, one uses a different mode and is expressing the melant'i as a family member. Different levels of formality, and actions, will be appropriate in each case.
Human ships are able to travel quickly between planets by "jumping"; different technologies exist but are all fairly quick; journey durations are comparable to swift sea-travel here on Earth. Only the Clutch Turtles use a different method, with predictably idiosyncratic side-effects (of which few details are available).
Propulsion and artificial gravity is provided by Struven Surface Units which Theo describes as having a "sense of presence." The sealed unit is the source of gravity that the ship generates and "the source of the Struven Surface that the engines then amplified and tuned, building fields that allow the ship to interact with the lattice crystal of space-time and to move…elsewhere."
From The Gathering Edge:
A ship in the Jump configuration preferred by most starfaring groups neither comes nor goes. If the Jump is not calculated properly, the ship stays where it is within the frame of previous motions. If the Jump is calculated exactly, the ship’s energy and contents become one, contracting dimensionally, and the ship and its force packet vibrate their way into a crystalline state that adjusts space around it. The goal is to achieve an energy level meant to match that of a “place”—a star system, a nebula, a rendezvous point—where the matched energy levels permit the ship to reappear in normal space. Transferring from place to place in this way requires minimal energy once the Struven units stress the base ship-and-energy packet into a unit; space rearranges itself around the packet until the ship emerges—or occasionally fails to emerge—at the target location.— Advanced Space Travel for Dummies, 17th ed.
Ships range from single-person courier, small trade craft, private ships, long-loop, and family trade ships (depreciated in modern shipping) to large trade ships (often carrying a Master Trader), bulk cargo ships, and large passenger liners. There are of course many specialty craft for station maintenance, and other utilitarian functions. In this era of relative peace, there is little mention of purpose-built military ships, except for the battleships of the warlike Yxtrang (though mercenary companies have troop ships and various support ships). Planetary governments may have small fleets of fighter craft, for defensive purposes, that operate both in air and near space. It is not uncommon, however, for merchant ships to carry weaponry to defend themselves from pirates and brigands. Some large trade ships, such as Korval's Dutiful Passage, have incorporated enough weaponry to be considered full battleships.
Pilots and piloting
Pilots are shown deference in the Liaden Universe, both in Terran and Liaden space. This is due to respect and/or fear of the pilots capabilities and their importance to the lifeblood of trade and commerce for planetary society. Pilots are addressed as "Pilot" as an honorific title.
Pilots must have superior reflexes, coordination, and spatial orientation. Pilots need proficiency in higher mathematics to be able to quickly and accurately solve equations in trajectory, orbital mechanics, and jump coordinates (to many decimal places); one does not place one's life and one's crew or passengers in peril should computer navigation fail. A pilot needs to be able to defend herself in the low port or away from civilization, thus trains in self-defense and personal weaponry.
The Pilot is responsible for the ship and passengers; the Co-pilot is responsible for the pilot and ship. (Bechimo adds, "the ship is responsible for pilot and crew.") The pilot/captain operates the ship from the primary control board—"sits First". The co-pilot, or acting co-pilot, "sits Second". Larger ships may have a third board, communications officer, executive officer, etc.
Many, if not most, pilots belong to the Pilots Guild. The Guild takes 3% of the pilot's income for life and in return provides many important services. These services include certification (required on many ships and lines), legal services and bail bonds, mail boxes with forwarding, hiring and personnel services and records, and in larger localities a Guild Hall with lounges, bars and/or cafes. Each Guild Hall has a Guild Master.
The Guild certified Pilot Classes:
- 3rd Class: base level, qualified to work within system and orbit, operating ships not above Class B.
- 2nd Class: mid-level, qualified to lift any ship to Class AA within system and orbit.
- 1st Class: a.k.a., Jump Pilot, qualified to fly interplanetary space via Jump hyperspace technology.
- Master: one able to perform all aspects of piloting with excellence. This grade may undertake to train and test any of the lower three levels.
First Class Jump Pilots are awarded and wear a Pilot's leather jacket. This heavy duty garment, with many internal pockets, is both a sign of rank and protection against weather and misadventure. Only Jump Pilots wear a Pilot's Jacket, this is not by law, but tends to be enforced through "social pressure" which may become physical.
Master Pilots may train and certify pilots. All Liaden Scout Pilots are of Master Class. A pilot in training will be granted "provisional" status in grade as the student advances.
Awards and recognition
|Year||Organization||Award title, Category||Work||Result||Refs|
|2008||Association of Science Fiction and Fantasy Artists||Chesley Awards - Best Cover Illustration – Paperback Book||Donato Giancola, Crystal Dragon||Won|||
|2014||Locus||Locus Award, Science Fiction Novel||Necessity's Child||Nominated|||
|2014||Locus||Locus Award, Science Fiction Novel||Trade Secret||Nominated|||
|1981||Fool-Con||Balrog Award, Short Fiction||A Matter of Ceremony||Nominated|||
|2010||Golden Duck Award||Hal Clement Award||Fledgeling||Nominated|||
|2005||Golden Duck Award||Hal Clement Award||Balance of Trade||Won|||
|2013||SF Site||SF Site Reader's Poll||Dragon Ship||Won|||
|2012||SF Site||SF Site Reader's Poll||Ghost Ship||Won|||
|2011||SF Site||SF Site Reader's Poll||Saltation||Nominated|||
|2002||Romantic Times||Romantic Times Book Club Reviewers Choice Award for Best Science Fiction Novel||Scout's Progress||Won|||
|2002||Fantasy, Futuristic and Paranormal (FF&P) Chapter of the Romance Writers of America||Prism Award||Scout's Progress||Won|||
|2002||Fantasy, Futuristic and Paranormal (FF&P) Chapter of the Romance Writers of America||Prism Award||Local Custom||Nominated|||
Lee and Miller strongly oppose any fan fiction written in the Liaden universe. "We built our universes, and our characters; they are our intellectual property; and they are not toys lying about some virtual sandbox for other kids to pick up and modify at their whim. Steve and I do not sanction fanfic written in our universes; any such work that exists, exists without our permission, and certainly without our support."
- "rec.arts.sf.written Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)". Faqs.org. 18 June 2001. Retrieved 23 May 2007.
- Sharon Lee & Steve Miller (2 June 2015). "Dragon in Exile". Baen Books. Retrieved 23 July 2015.
- "2015 Liaden Universe® and Other Releases". Welcome to Liad: Clan Korval's Home on the Web. Korval.com. 5 October 2014. Archived from the original on 23 July 2015. Retrieved 23 July 2015.
- "Liaden Universe® InfoDump Number 106 : 2015 PUBLICATION SCHEDULE". Welcome to Liad: Clan Korval's Home on the Web. Korval.com. 8 January 2015.
- "Reading Order". Sharon Lee, Writer News from Maine, the Liaden Universe® and Points Between.
- Sharon Lee and Steve Miller. Local Custom: Chapter One (Baen ebook, February 2007 ed.). Baen Books. ISBN 978-1-58787-063-7. Retrieved 19 May 2019.
- Sharon Lee and Steve Miller (15 March 2007). Scout's Progress: Chapter One (Baen Ebook, February 2007 ed.). Baen Books. ISBN 978-1-58787-065-1. Retrieved 19 May 2019.
All of her life, Aelliana Caylon has lived by the rules of her overbearing brother, the head of the Caylon family. Though she is a brilliant mathematician, he has convinced her that she has no worth beyond what value she might have in an arranged marriage.
- Sharon Lee and Steve Miller (1 June 2010). Mouse and Dragon: Chapter One (Hardcover 1st ed.). Baen Books. ISBN 978-14391-3381-1. Retrieved 19 May 2019.
- "hardcover edition was announced but not seen". The Locus Index to Science Fiction: 2002. Locus.
- "Lee and Miller handy clickable catalog of books". Retrieved 13 February 2016.
- Sharon Lee (23 May 2016). "Some days I feel like my shadow's casting me". News from Maine, the Liaden Universe® and Points Between.
- Sharon Lee (2 January 2018). "NEOGENESIS Official Release Day". News from Maine, the Liaden Universe® and Points Between.
- "Fledgling…A Liaden Universe® Adventure". Welcome to Liad: Clan Korval's Home on the Web. Archived from the original on 9 December 2006.
- Sharon Lee & Steve Miller (1 September 2009). "Fledgling". Baen Books. Retrieved 11 February 2018 – via Amazon.
- Sharon Lee and Steve Miller. "Fledgling". Baen Books. Retrieved 11 February 2018.
- "Been missing Theo Waitley?". Welcome to Liad: Clan Korval's Home on the Web.Archived 16 January 2008 at the Wayback Machine
- Sharon Lee (27 September 2010). "Liaden Universe® InfoDump No. 84". Eagles Over the Kennebec.Archived 7 September 2012 at the Wayback Machine
- Steve Miller (17 September 2010). "Here, as requested by many, more information about Ghost Ship". Journeyman.Archived 5 November 2013 at the Wayback Machine
- Sharon Lee (29 August 2010). "The author declares a draft". Eagles Over the Kennebec.Archived 13 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine
- "Dragon in Exile loose upon the world, a bestseller". Welcome to Liad: Clan Korval's Home on the Web. 12 June 2015.
- "Dragon in Exile as an eBook, and other news". Welcome to Liad: Clan Korval's Home on the Web. 17 May 2015.
- .Sharon Lee (22 March 2019). "Shameless Self-Promotion". Eagles Over the Kennebec.
- Sharon Lee (3 February 2019). "And that's a wrap". Welcome to Liad: Clan Korval's Home on the Web.
- Sharon Lee (29 June 2017). "Everybody take a deep breath". News from Maine, the Liaden Universe® and Points Between.
- Sharon Lee (23 January 2019). "Be Welcome in My House (Front Page as at 2019-01-23)". News from Maine, the Liaden Universe® and Points Between. Archived from the original on 23 January 2019. Retrieved 23 January 2019.
- .Sharon Lee (6 February 2019). "Questions Answered Here". Eagles Over the Kennebec.
- Sharon Lee (23 January 2019). "Be Welcome in My House (Front Page as at 2019-01-23)". News from Maine, the Liaden Universe® and Points Between. Archived from the original on 23 January 2019. Retrieved 23 January 2019.
- Sharon Lee (2 April 2012). "Potpourri and Publishing News Monday, April 2nd, 2012 10:42 am". Eagles Over the Kennebec. rolanni.dreamwidth.org. Retrieved 25 February 2019.
- Sharon Lee & Steve Miller (15 July 2013). "A Liaden Universe Constellation". Baen Books. Retrieved 15 February 2016.
- Sharon Lee & Steve Miller (7 January 2014). "A Liaden Universe Constellation Volume 2". Baen Books. Retrieved 15 February 2016.
- Sharon Lee & Steve Miller (8 April 2015). "A Liaden Universe Constellation Volume 3". Baen Books. Retrieved 15 February 2016.
- Sharon Lee & Steve Miller (4 June 2019). "A Liaden Universe Constellation Volume 4". Baen Books.
- Sharon Lee & Steve Miller (5 January 2019). "Coming — and here now — in 2019". Welcome to Liad: Clan Korval's Home on the Web.
-  Archived 30 March 2007 at the Wayback Machine
-  Archived 27 June 2013 at the Wayback Machine
- eBooks available from one or more of Amazon/Kindle, Angus & Robertson, Apple, Baen, Baker & Taylor, BN/Nook, Bibliotheca, Google, Kobo, Overdrive, Playster, Scribd, Tolino, 24Symbols
- Sharon Lee and Steve Miller. "Landed Alien". Baen Books.
- Sharon Lee and Steve Miller. "Eleutherios". Baen Books.
- Sharon Lee and Steve Miller. "Chimera". Baen Books.
- Sharon Lee and Steve Miller. "Wise Child". Baen Books.
- Sharon Lee and Steve Miller. "Out of True". Baen Books.
- Sharon Lee and Steve Miller. "Cutting Corners". Baen Books.
- Sharon Lee and Steve Miller. "Block Party". Bean Books.
- Sharon Lee & Steve Miller. "CAST OF CHARACTERS & GLOSSARY". Alliance of Equals.
- Sharon Lee and Steve Miller (1 June 2010). Mouse and Dragon (1st edition Hard Cover ed.). Baen Books. p. Chapter Twenty. ISBN 978-1-4391-3381-1. Retrieved 27 February 2019.
- Sharon Lee and Steve Miller. "Chapter 34". Dragon Ship. Baen Books. ISBN 978-1-4516-3798-4. Retrieved 27 February 2019.
- Sharon Lee and Steve Miller. "Advanced Space Travel for Dummies, 17th ed. (Insert between chapter 22 and chapter 23)". The Gathering Edge. Baen Books. ISBN 978-1-4767-8218-8.
- Sharon Lee and Steve Miller. "Chapter 10; preamble". Scout's Progress (First ed.). Ace. ISBN 978-0441009275.
- "Chesley Awards anounced". Macmillan. 18 November 2008. Retrieved 31 July 2019.
- "Locus Awards 2014". Locus Science Fiction Foundation. Retrieved 28 July 2019.
- "Locus Awards 2014". Locus Science Fiction Foundation. Retrieved 28 July 2019.
- "Balrog Awards 1981". Locus Science Fiction Foundation. Retrieved 28 July 2019.
- "Sharon Lee: Awards Summary". Locus Science Fiction Foundation. Retrieved 28 July 2019.
- "SF Site Readers Poll 2013". Locus Science Fiction Foundation. Retrieved 28 July 2019.
- "SF Site Readers Poll 2012". Locus Science Fiction Foundation. Retrieved 28 July 2019.
- "SF Site Readers Poll 2011". Locus Science Fiction Foundation. Retrieved 28 July 2019.
- "Book awards: Romantic Times Reviewers' Choice Award". Library Thing. Retrieved 24 July 2019.
- "2002 RWA PRISM Award (Awarded by Romance Writers of America (PRISM))". Fiction DB. Retrieved 28 July 2019.
- "2002 RWA PRISM Award (Awarded by Romance Writers of America (PRISM))". Fiction DB. Retrieved 28 July 2019.
- Sharon Lee (26 October 2013). "The second answer". News from Maine, the Liaden Universe® and Points Between. Retrieved 23 July 2015.