Liberation of İzmir

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Liberation/Conquest of İzmir
Part of Greco-Turkish War (1919-1922)
KiMOiG.jpg
The entry of the Turkish Army into Izmir. (77 cm × 53 cm, Museum of Ataturk and the War of Independence Museum)
Date 9 September 1922
Location Izmir, Ottoman Empire
Result

Turkish Victory

Belligerents
Grand National Assembly Kingdom of Greece Greece
Commanders and leaders
Fahrettin Altay Kingdom of Greece Aristidis Stergiadis
Strength
40,000 (İzmir's Defense, 4 divisions)[1]

The Liberation of İzmir (Turkish: İzmir'in Kurtuluşu) was the final phase of the Great Smyrna Offensive and last conflict of the Turkish Independence War.[1] After the Turkish Army inflicted heavy losses on the Greek Army at Dumlupınar, on 30 August 1922, Greek forces were constantly retreating towards İzmir as the Turkish Army's westward advance continued. On the eve of Turkish arrival, Greek forces left the city, and on 8 September, at ten o' clock in the morning, the Greek administration ceased to exist in İzmir.[2] On 9 September 1922, the Turkish Army entered İzmir from the east (Kemalpaşa).

Legacy[edit]

9 September is considered a local holiday commemorating the Liberation of İzmir in the Province of Izmir, Turkey. Dokuz Eylül University (9 September University) is named in honor of the event. Mustafa Kemal (later Atatürk) who founded the Republican People's Party chose 9 September 1923 as the establishment date of his party as a reminder of the liberation of İzmir.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Greeks surrender Smyrna to Turks after shell fire, New York Times, published September 10, 1922.
  2. ^ Karavasilis, Niki (2010). The Whispering Voice of Smyrna.