Libyan resistance movement
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|Libyan resistance movement (1911-1943)|
British Empire (from 1942)
France (from 1942)
|Commanders and leaders|
Emir Idris of Cyrenaica |
|Casualties and losses|
Part of a series on the
|History of Libya|
Second Italo-Libyan War (1923–1932)
The Libyan resistance was initially led by Omar Mukhtar (Arabic عمر المختار ‘Umar Al-Mukhtār) (1862 – 16 September 1931), who was from the tribe of Mnifa, born in a small village called Janzour located in the eastern part of Barqa.
Later King Idris and his Senussi tribe in the provinces of Cyrenaica and Tripolitania started to become opposed to the Italian colonization after 1929, when Italy changed its political promises of moderate "protectorate" to the Senussi (done in 1911) and – because of Benito Mussolini – started to take complete colonial control of Libya.
Resistance was totally crushed by General Rodolfo Graziani in the 1930s and the country was again controlled by the Italians with the help of Arab fascists, to the point that many Libyan colonial troops fought on the side of Italy between 1940 and 1943: two divisions of Libyan colonial troops were created in the late 1930s and 30,000 native Libyans fought for Italy during World War II.
- Gasr Bu Hadi
- Resistance during World War II
- Italy's 'Fourth Shore'
- The concept of Italia irredenta
- The Italian Mare Nostrum