List of JVM languages
This list of JVM Languages comprises notable computer programming languages that are used to produce software that runs on the Java Virtual Machine (JVM). Some of these languages are interpreted by a Java program, and some are compiled to Java bytecode and JIT-compiled during execution as regular Java programs to improve performance.
Apart from the Java language itself, the most common or well-known JVM languages are:
- Clojure, a functional Lisp dialect
- Apache Groovy, a dynamic programming and scripting language
- Scala, a statically-typed object-oriented and functional programming language
- Kotlin, a statically-typed language from JetBrains, the developers of IntelliJ IDEA
- JRuby, an implementation of Ruby
- Jython, an implementation of Python
JVM implementations of existing languages
|Common Lisp||Armed Bear Common Lisp
|Mercury||Mercury (Java grade)|
|Perl 6||Rakudo Perl 6|
|Visual Basic||Jabaco is a freeware IDE in beta-testing since 2009, with a partly open source  Jabaco framework runtime. Jabaco compiles VB 6 syntax source to Java bytecode.|
New languages with JVM implementations
- Ateji PX, an extension of Java for easy parallel programming on multicore, GPU, Grid and Cloud
- BeanShell, a scripting language whose syntax is close to Java
- Ceylon, a Java competitor from Red Hat
- CFML, a scripting language compiled to Java, used on the ColdFusion or Railo application servers
- CAL, a Haskell-inspired functional language
- E language has an implementation on the JVM
- Flow Java
- Fortress, a language designed by Sun as a successor to Fortran, mainly for parallel scientific computing. Product development was taken over by Oracle when Sun was purchased. Oracle then stopped development in 2012 according to Dr. Dobb's.
- Frege, a non-strict, pure functional programming language in the spirit of Haskell
- Golo, a simple, dynamic, weakly-typed language for the JVM developed at Institut national des sciences appliquées de Lyon, France, now an incubating project at the Eclipse Software Foundation.   
- Gosu, an extensible type-system language compiled to Java bytecode
- Ioke, a prototype-based language somewhat reminiscent of Io, with similarities to Ruby, Lisp and Smalltalk
- Join Java, a language that extends Java with the join semantics of the join-calculus
- Mirah, a customizable language featuring type inference and a highly Ruby-inspired syntax
- NetLogo, a multi-agent language
- Noop, a language built with testability as a major focus
- Pizza, a superset of Java with function pointers and algebraic data types
- Processing, a visualization and animation language and framework based on Java with a Java-like syntax
- X10, a language designed by IBM, featuring constrained types and a focus on concurrency and distribution
- Xtend, an object-oriented, functional, and imperative programming language built by the Eclipse foundation, featuring very tight Java interoperability, with a focus on extension methods and lambdas, and rich tooling
- Java Virtual Machine (Support for Dynamic Languages section)
- Da Vinci Machine
- List of languages following the CLI spec, Microsoft's response to JVM
- Wampler, Dean (15 January 2009). "Adopting New JVM Languages in the Enterprise (Updated)". objectmentor.com. Archived from the original on 22 May 2009. Retrieved 18 June 2009.
- "Armed Bear Common Lisp (ABCL)". Retrieved 1 March 2014.
- "Introducing Quercus, a Java based PHP". Retrieved 2 July 2015.
- "Running PHP With Quercus in Sun Java System Web Server". Retrieved 2 July 2015.
- "Jabaco entry at Mindteq.com Basics section". Retrieved 2 July 2015.]
- "Article about Jabaco at German Pro-Linux publication". Retrieved 2 July 2015.]
- "Basic meet Java". Retrieved 26 February 2015.
- "Framework". Retrieved 26 February 2015.
- "Ateji PX: Java Parallel Programming Made Simple". Ateji. Retrieved 1 March 2014.
- "Fantom Programming Language". Fantom. Retrieved 1 March 2014.
- "Frege". Retrieved 1 March 2014.
- "Oracle.com - Golo – A Lightweight Dynamic Language for the JVM". Retrieved 2 July 2015.]
- "Golo nominated for JAX Awards 2014". Retrieved 2 July 2015.]
- "Golo entry at JAX Awards 2014". Retrieved 2 July 2015.]
- "The Mirah Programming Language". GitHub. Retrieved 1 March 2014.
- "Mirah". Retrieved 1 March 2014.