List of JVM languages

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This list of JVM Languages comprises notable computer programming languages that are used to produce software that runs on the Java Virtual Machine (JVM). Some of these languages are interpreted by a Java program, and some are compiled to Java bytecode and JIT-compiled during execution as regular Java programs to improve performance.

The JVM was initially designed to support only the Java programming language. However, as time passed, ever more languages were adapted or designed to run on the Java platform.

High-profile languages[edit]

Apart from the Java language itself, the most common or well-known JVM languages are:

JVM languages[edit]

JVM implementations of existing languages[edit]

Language Java implementations
Arden Syntax Arden2ByteCode
CFML Adobe ColdFusion
Open BlueDragon
Common Lisp Armed Bear Common Lisp[2]
JavaScript Rhino
Lua LuaJ
Oberon Component Pascal
Mercury Mercury (Java grade)
Pascal Free Pascal
Perl 6 Rakudo Perl 6
PHP Quercus (software)[3][4]
Prolog JIProlog
Python Jython
R Renjin
REXX NetRexx
Ruby JRuby
Scheme Bigloo
Tcl Jacl
Visual Basic Jabaco[5][6][7] is a freeware IDE in beta-testing since 2009, with a partly open source [8] Jabaco framework runtime. Jabaco compiles VB 6 syntax source to Java bytecode.

New languages with JVM implementations[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Wampler, Dean (15 January 2009). "Adopting New JVM Languages in the Enterprise (Updated)". Archived from the original on 22 May 2009. Retrieved 18 June 2009. 
  2. ^ "Armed Bear Common Lisp (ABCL)". Retrieved 1 March 2014. 
  3. ^ "Introducing Quercus, a Java based PHP". Retrieved 2 July 2015. 
  4. ^ "Running PHP With Quercus in Sun Java System Web Server". Retrieved 2 July 2015. 
  5. ^ "Jabaco entry at Basics section". Retrieved 2 July 2015. ]
  6. ^ "Article about Jabaco at German Pro-Linux publication". Retrieved 2 July 2015. ]
  7. ^ "Basic meet Java". Retrieved 26 February 2015. 
  8. ^ "Framework". Retrieved 26 February 2015. 
  9. ^ "Ateji PX: Java Parallel Programming Made Simple". Ateji. Retrieved 1 March 2014. 
  10. ^ "Fantom Programming Language". Fantom. Retrieved 1 March 2014. 
  11. ^ "Frege". Retrieved 1 March 2014. 
  12. ^ " - Golo – A Lightweight Dynamic Language for the JVM". Retrieved 2 July 2015. ]
  13. ^ "Golo nominated for JAX Awards 2014". Retrieved 2 July 2015. ]
  14. ^ "Golo entry at JAX Awards 2014". Retrieved 2 July 2015. ]
  15. ^ "The Mirah Programming Language". GitHub. Retrieved 1 March 2014. 
  16. ^ "Mirah". Retrieved 1 March 2014. 

External links[edit]