List of JVM languages

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

This list of JVM Languages comprises notable computer programming languages that are used to produce software that runs on the Java Virtual Machine (JVM). Some of these languages are interpreted by a Java program, and some are compiled to Java bytecode and JIT-compiled during execution as regular Java programs to improve performance.

The JVM was initially designed to support only the Java programming language. However, as time passed, ever more languages were adapted or designed to run on the Java platform.

High-profile languages[edit]

Apart from the Java language itself, the most common or well-known JVM languages are:

JVM languages[edit]

JVM implementations of existing languages[edit]

Language Java implementations
Ada JGNAT
Basic Jabaco[2][3][4] is a freeware IDE in beta-testing since 2009, with a partly open source [5] Jabaco framework runtime. Jabaco compiles VB 6 syntax source to Java bytecode.
BBx BBj is a superset of BBx, PRO/5, and Visual PRO/5.
C C to Java Virtual Machine compilers[6]
CFML Adobe ColdFusion
Railo
Lucee
Open BlueDragon
Common Lisp Armed Bear Common Lisp[7]
CLforJava
JavaScript Rhino
Nashorn
Oberon Component Pascal
Pascal Free Pascal
MIDletPascal
Oxygene
Perl 6 Rakudo Perl 6
PHP Quercus_(software)[8][9]
Prolog JIProlog
TuProlog
Python Jython
REXX NetRexx
Ruby JRuby
Scheme Bigloo
Kawa
SISC
JScheme
Tcl Jacl

New languages with JVM implementations[edit]

  • Ateji PX, an extension of Java for easy parallel programming on multicore, GPU, Grid and Cloud[10]
  • BBj, an object-oriented language for business applications
  • BeanShell, a scripting language whose syntax is close to Java
  • Ceylon, a Java competitor from Red Hat
  • CFML, a scripting language compiled to Java, used on the ColdFusion or Railo application servers
  • CAL, a Haskell-inspired functional language
  • E language has an implementation on the JVM
  • Fantom, a language built from the base to be portable across the JVM, .NET CLR, and JavaScript[11]
  • Flow Java
  • Fortress, a language designed by Sun as a successor to Fortran, mainly for parallel scientific computing. Product development was taken over by Oracle when Sun was purchased. Oracle then stopped development in 2012 according to Dr. Dobb's.
  • Frege, a non-strict, pure functional programming language in the spirit of Haskell[12]
  • Golo, a simple, dynamic, weakly-typed language for the JVM developed at Institut_national_des_sciences_appliquées_de_Lyon, France, now an incubating project at the Eclipse Software Foundation.

[13] [14] [15]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Wampler, Dean (15 January 2009). "Adopting New JVM Languages in the Enterprise (Updated)". objectmentor.com. Retrieved 18 June 2009. [dead link]
  2. ^ "Jabaco entry at Mindteq.com Basics section". Retrieved 2 July 2015. ]
  3. ^ "Article about Jabaco at German Pro-Linux publication". Retrieved 2 July 2015. ]
  4. ^ "Basic meet Java". Retrieved 26 February 2015. 
  5. ^ "Framework". Retrieved 26 February 2015. 
  6. ^ "Axiomatic Multi-Platform C". Free Code. Retrieved 1 March 2014. 
  7. ^ "Armed Bear Common Lisp (ABCL)". Retrieved 1 March 2014. 
  8. ^ "Introducing Quercus, a Java based PHP". Retrieved 2 July 2015. 
  9. ^ "Running PHP With Quercus in Sun Java System Web Server". Retrieved 2 July 2015. 
  10. ^ "Ateji PX: Java Parallel Programming Made Simple". Ateji. Retrieved 1 March 2014. 
  11. ^ "Fantom Programming Language". Fantom. Retrieved 1 March 2014. 
  12. ^ "Frege". Retrieved 1 March 2014. 
  13. ^ "Oracle.com - Golo – A Lightweight Dynamic Language for the JVM". Retrieved 2 July 2015. ]
  14. ^ "Golo nominated for JAX Awards 2014". Retrieved 2 July 2015. ]
  15. ^ "Golo entry at JAX Awards 2014". Retrieved 2 July 2015. ]
  16. ^ "The Mirah Programming Language". GitHub. Retrieved 1 March 2014. 
  17. ^ "Mirah". Retrieved 1 March 2014. 

External links[edit]