List of United States Senators in the 85th Congress by seniority

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This is a complete list of members of the United States Senate during the 85th United States Congress listed by seniority, from January 3, 1957 to January 3, 1959.

Order of service is based on the commencement of the senator's first term. Behind this is former service as a senator (only giving the Senator seniority within his or her new incoming class), service as Vice President, a House member, a Cabinet secretary, or a governor of a state. The final factor is the population of the senator's state.[1][2][3][4]

Senators who were sworn in in the middle of the two-year congressional term (up until the last senator who was not sworn in early after winning the November 1958 election) are listed at the end of the list with no number.

Terms of Service[edit]

This article is about the terms of service of Senators that will expire in years. For A list of special elections to the United States Senate, see List of special elections to the United States Senate.
Class Terms of Service of Senators that will expire in years
Class 1 Terms of service of Senators that will expire in 1959[5]
Class 2 Terms of service of Senators that will expire in 1961[6]
Class 3 Terms of service of Senators that will expire in 1963[7]

U.S. Senate Seniority List[edit]

U.S. Senate Seniority
Rank Senator (Party-State) Seniority Date Other Factors
1 Carl Hayden (D-AZ) March 4, 1927
2 Richard Russell, Jr. (D-GA) January 12, 1933
3 Harry F. Byrd Sr. (D-VA) March 4, 1933
4 James Murray (D-MT) November 7, 1934
5 Dennis Chavez (D-NM) May 11, 1935
6 Theodore F. Green (D-RI) January 3, 1937 Former Governor, Rhode Island 37th Population (1930)
7 Styles Bridges (R-NH) Former Governor, New Hampshire 41st Population (1930)
8 Allen J. Ellender (D-LA)
9 Joseph Hill (D-AL) January 11, 1938
10 Alexander Wiley (R-WI) January 3, 1939
11 William Langer (R-ND) January 3, 1941
12 George Aiken (R-VT) January 10, 1941
13 James Eastland (D-MS) January 3, 1943 Previously a Senator
14 John Little McClellan (D-AR)
15 Howard A. Smith (R-NJ) December 7, 1944
16 Warren G. Magnuson (D-WA) December 14, 1944
17 J. William Fulbright (D-AR) January 3, 1945 Former Rep (2 Years)
18 Bourke B. Hickenlooper (R-IA) Former Governor, Iowa 20th Population (1940)
19 Olin D. Johnston (D-SC) Former Governor, South Carolina 26th Population (1940)
20 Homer E. Capehart (R-IN) Indiana 12th Population (1940)
21 Wayne Morse (D-OR) Oregon 34th Population (1940)
22 Leverett Saltonstall (R-MA) January 4, 1945
23 Milton Young (R-ND) March 12, 1945
24 William F. Knowland (R-CA) August 26, 1945
25 Spessard Holland (D-FL) September 24, 1946
26 Ralph Flanders (R-VT) November 1, 1946
27 A. Willis Robertson (D-VA) November 6, 1946 Former Rep (13 Years, 10 Months)
28 John Sparkman (D-AL) Former Rep (9 Years, 10 Months)
29 William E. Jenner (R-IN) January 3, 1947 Previously a Senator
30 Edward Martin (R-PA) Former Governor, Pennsylvania 2nd Population (1940)
31 John W. Bricker (R-OH) Former Governor, Ohio 4th Population (1940)
32 Edward John Thye (R-MN) Former Governor, Minnesota 18th Population (1940)
33 Irving Ives (R-NY) New York 1st Population (1940)
34 Joseph McCarthy[8] (R-WI) Wisconsin 13th Population (1940)
35 Arthur Vivian Watkins (R-UT) Utah 40th Population (1940)
36 John J. Williams (R-DE) Delaware 47th Population (1940)
37 George W. Malone (R-NV) Nevada 48th Population (1940)
38 John C. Stennis (D-MS) November 17, 1947
39 Karl Mundt (R-SD) December 31, 1948 Former Rep (9 Years)
40 Russell B. Long (D-LA)
41 Matthew M. Neely[9] (D-WV) January 3, 1949 Previously a Senator
42 Lyndon Johnson (D-TX) Former Rep (12 Years)
43 Estes Kefauver (D-TN) Former Rep (10 Years)
44 Margaret Chase Smith (R-ME) Former Rep (8 Years, 7 Months)
45 Clinton Anderson (D-NM) Former Cabinet Secretary
46 Robert S. Kerr (D-OK) Former Governor, Oklahoma 22nd Population (1940)
47 Andrew F. Schoeppel (R-KS) Former Governor, Kansas 29th Population (1940)
48 Paul Douglas (D-IL) Illinois 3rd Population (1940)
49 Hubert Humphrey (D-MN) Minnesota 18th Population (1940)
50 Joseph Frear, Jr. (D-DE) Delaware 47th Population (1940)
51 Henry Dworshak (R-ID) October 14, 1949
52 Frank Carlson (R-KS) November 27, 1950
53 John O. Pastore (D-RI) December 19, 1950
54 Everett Dirksen (R-IL) January 3, 1951 Former Rep (16 Years)
55 Francis H. Case (R-SD) Former Rep (14 Years)
56 Almer Monroney (D-OK) Former Rep (12 years)
57 Thomas C. Hennings, Jr. (D-MO) Former Rep (6 Years)
58 George Smathers (D-FL) Former Rep (4 Years)
59 John M. Butler (R-MD) Maryland 28th Population (1940)
60 Wallace F. Bennett (R-UT) Utah 40th Population (1940)
61 Charles E. Potter (R-MI) November 5, 1952 Former Rep (5 Years, 2 Months)
62 Prescott Bush (R-CT)
63 Thomas Kuchel (R-CA) January 2, 1953
64 William A. Purtell (R-CT) January 3, 1953 Previously A Senator
65 Albert Gore, Sr. (D-TN) Former Rep (14 Years)
66 Henry M. Jackson (D-WA) Former Rep (12 Years)
67 James Glenn Beall (R-MD) Former Rep (10 Years), Maryland 24th Population (1950)
68 Mike Mansfield (D-MT) Former Rep (10 Years), Montana 42nd Population (1950)
69 John F. Kennedy (D-MA) Former Rep (6 Years)
70 Frederick G. Payne (R-ME) Former Governor, Maine 35th Population (1950)
71 Frank A. Barrett (R-WY) Former Governor, Wyoming 48th Population (1950)
72 Price Daniel[10] (D-TX) Texas 6th Population (1950)
73 Stuart Symington (D-MO) Missouri 12th Population (1950)
74 Barry Goldwater (R-AZ) Arizona 37th Population (1950)
75 Sam Ervin (D-NC) June 5, 1954
76 Norris Cotton (R-NH) November 8, 1954 Former Rep (7 Years, 10 Months)
77 Roman Hruska (R-NE) Former Rep (1 Year, 10 Months)
78 Joseph O'Mahoney (D-WY) November 29, 1954 Previously a Senator
79 W. Kerr Scott[11] (D-NC) Former Governor
80 Alan Bible (D-NV) December 2, 1954
81 Carl Curtis (R-NE) January 1, 1955
82 Clifford P. Case (R-NJ) January 3, 1955 Former Rep (8 Years)
83 Thomas Martin (R-IA) Former Rep (6 Years)
84 Patrick V. McNamara (D-MI) Maryland 24th Population (1950)
85 Richard L. Neuberger (D-OR) Oregon 31st Population (1950)
86 Gordon L. Allott (R-CO) Colorado 32nd Population (1950)
87 W. Chapman Revercomb (R-WV) November 7, 1956 Previously A Senator (6 Years)
88 John Sherman Cooper (R-KY) Previously a Senator (twice) (total tenure 4 Years, 4 Months)
89 Strom Thurmond (D-SC) Previously a Senator (1 Year, 3 Months)
91 Thruston Ballard Morton (R-KY) January 3, 1957 Former Rep (6 Years)
90 John A. Carroll (D-CO) Former Rep (4 Years)
92 Frank J. Lausche (D-OH) Former Governor, Ohio 5th Population (1950)
93 Herman Talmadge (D-GA) Former Governor, Georgia 13th Population (1950)
94 Joseph S. Clark (D-PA) Pennsylvania 3rd Population (1950)
95 Frank Church (D-ID) Idaho 43rd Population (1950)
96 Jacob K. Javits (R-NY) January 9, 1957
  William A. Blakley[12] (D-TX) January 15, 1957
  Ralph Yarborough (D-TX) April 29, 1957
  William Proxmire (D-WI) August 28, 1957
  John D. Hoblitzell, Jr. (R-WV) January 25, 1958
  Ben Jordan (D-NC) April 19, 1958
  Jennings Randolph (D-WV) November 5, 1958

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ A Chronological List of United States Senators 1789-Present, via www.Senate.gov
  2. ^ 1931 U.S Census Report Contains 1930 Census results
  3. ^ 1941 U.S Census Report Contains 1940 Census results
  4. ^ 1951 U.S Census Report Contains 1950 Census results
  5. ^ Terms of service of Senators that will expire in 1959.
  6. ^ Terms of service of Senators that will expire in 1961.
  7. ^ Terms of service of Senators that will expire in 1963.
  8. ^ Joseph McCarthy died on May 2, 1957.
  9. ^ Senator Neely died on January 18, 1958
  10. ^ Senator Price stepped down on January 14, 1957 after being elected Governor of Texas.
  11. ^ Senator Scott died on April 16, 1958.
  12. ^ Senator Blakely was appointed to fill a Senate vacancy but did not run in the special election that ensued. He stepped down on April 28, 1957.

External links[edit]