List of birds of the Solomon Islands
This is a list of the bird species recorded in the Solomon Islands. The geographical area covered by this article refers to the archipelago of the Solomon Islands, which includes the island of Bougainville, a province of Papua New Guinea, as well as the group of islands that make up the nation state of Solomon Islands. The area's avifauna include a total of 289 species, of which 71 are endemic, three have been introduced by humans and 39 are rare or accidental. Of these, 26 species are globally threatened.
This list's taxonomic treatment (designation and sequence of orders, families and species) and nomenclature (common and scientific names) follow the conventions of The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World, 5th edition. The family accounts at the beginning of each heading reflect this taxonomy, as do the species counts found in each family account. Introduced and accidental species are included in the total counts for the Solomon Islands.
The following tags have been used to highlight several categories. The commonly occurring native species do not fall into any of these categories.
- (A) Accidental - a species that rarely or accidentally occurs in the Solomon Islands
- (E) Endemic - a species endemic to the Solomon Islands
- (I) Introduced - a species introduced to the Solomon Islands as a consequence, direct or indirect, of human actions
Grebes are small to medium-large freshwater diving birds. They have lobed toes and are excellent swimmers and divers. However, they have their feet placed far back on the body, making them quite ungainly on land. There are 20 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in the Solomon Islands.
Shearwaters and petrels
The procellariids are the main group of medium-sized "true petrels", characterised by united nostrils with medium septum and a long outer functional primary. There are 75 species worldwide and 14 species which occur in the Solomon Islands.
- Tahiti petrel, Pterodroma rostrata
- Providence petrel, Pterodroma solandri (A)
- Kermadec petrel, Pterodroma neglecta (A)
- Herald petrel, Pterodroma heraldica (A)
- Juan Fernandez petrel, Pterodroma externa (A)
- Gould's petrel, Pterodroma leucoptera
- Black-winged petrel, Pterodroma nigripennis (A)
- Streaked shearwater, Calonectris leucomelas (A)
- Wedge-tailed shearwater, Puffinus pacificus
- Sooty shearwater, Puffinus griseus
- Short-tailed shearwater, Puffinus tenuirostris (A)
- Fluttering shearwater, Puffinus gavia (A)
- Audubon's shearwater, Puffinus lherminieri (A)
- Heinroth's shearwater, Puffinus heinrothi
The storm petrels are relatives of the petrels and are the smallest seabirds. They feed on planktonic crustaceans and small fish picked from the surface, typically while hovering. The flight is fluttering and sometimes bat-like. There are 21 species worldwide and 4 species which occur in the Solomon Islands.
- Wilson's storm petrel, Oceanites oceanicus (A)
- Black-bellied storm petrel, Fregetta tropica (A)
- White-bellied storm petrel, Fregetta grallaria (A)
- Polynesian storm petrel, Nesofregetta fuliginosa (A)
Tropicbirds are slender white birds of tropical oceans, with exceptionally long central tail feathers. Their heads and long wings have black markings. There are 3 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in the Solomon Islands.
Pelicans are large water birds with a distinctive pouch under their beak. As with other members of the order Pelecaniformes, they have webbed feet with four toes. There are 8 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in the Solomon Islands.
- Australian pelican, Pelecanus conspicillatus (A)
Boobies and gannets
The sulids comprise the gannets and boobies. Both groups are medium to large coastal seabirds that plunge-dive for fish. There are 9 species worldwide and 4 species which occur in the Solomon Islands.
- Abbott's booby, Sula abbotti (A)
- Masked booby, Sula dactylatra (A)
- Red-footed booby, Sula sula
- Brown booby, Sula leucogaster
Phalacrocoracidae is a family of medium to large coastal, fish-eating seabirds that includes cormorants and shags. Plumage colouration varies, with the majority having mainly dark plumage, some species being black-and-white and a few being colourful. There are 38 species worldwide and 3 species which occur in the Solomon Islands.
- Little black cormorant, Phalacrocorax sulcirostris (A)
- Great cormorant, Phalacrocorax carbo (A)
- Little pied cormorant, Phalacrocorax melanoleucos
Frigatebirds are large seabirds usually found over tropical oceans. They are large, black and white or completely black, with long wings and deeply forked tails. The males have coloured inflatable throat pouches. They do not swim or walk and cannot take off from a flat surface. Having the largest wingspan-to-body-weight ratio of any bird, they are essentially aerial, able to stay aloft for more than a week. There are 5 species worldwide and 3 species which occur in the Solomon Islands.
- Christmas Island frigatebird, Fregata andrewsi
- Great frigatebird, Fregata minor
- Lesser frigatebird, Fregata ariel
Bitterns, herons and egrets
The family Ardeidae contains the bitterns, herons and egrets. Herons and egrets are medium to large wading birds with long necks and legs. Bitterns tend to be shorter necked and more wary. Members of Ardeidae fly with their necks retracted, unlike other long-necked birds such as storks, ibises and spoonbills. There are 61 species worldwide and 9 species which occur in the Solomon Islands.
- Eastern great egret, Ardea modesta
- Intermediate egret, Egretta intermedia (A)
- White-faced heron, Egretta novaehollandiae (A)
- Little egret, Egretta garzetta (A)
- Pacific reef-heron, Egretta sacra
- Striated heron, Butorides striata
- Rufous night-heron, Nycticorax caledonicus
- Yellow bittern, Ixobrychus sinensis
- Black bittern, Ixobrychus flavicollis
Ibises and spoonbills
Threskiornithidae is a family of large terrestrial and wading birds which includes the ibises and spoonbills. They have long, broad wings with 11 primary and about 20 secondary feathers. They are strong fliers and despite their size and weight, very capable soarers. There are 36 species worldwide and 3 species which occur in the Solomon Islands.
- Australian ibis, Threskiornis molucca
- Solomons white ibis, Threskiornis molucca pygmaeus (E - subspecies endemic to Rennell and Bellona Islands)
- Glossy ibis, Plegadis falcinellus (A)
- Royal spoonbill, Platalea regia
Ducks, geese and swans
Anatidae includes the ducks and most duck-like waterfowl, such as geese and swans. These birds are adapted to an aquatic existence with webbed feet, flattened bills, and feathers that are excellent at shedding water due to an oily coating. There are 131 species worldwide and 6 species which occur in the Solomon Islands.
- Spotted whistling-duck, Dendrocygna guttata (A)
- Plumed whistling-duck, Dendrocygna eytoni (A)
- Grey teal, Anas gracilis
- Pacific black duck, Anas superciliosa
- Northern pintail, Anas acuta (A)
- White-eyed duck, Aythya australis (A)
The Pandionidae family contains only one species, the osprey. The osprey is a medium-large raptor which is a specialist fish-eater with a worldwide distribution.
- Osprey, Pandion haliaetus
Hawks, kites and eagles
Accipitridae is a family of birds of prey, which includes hawks, eagles, kites, harriers and Old World vultures. These birds have powerful hooked beaks for tearing flesh from their prey, strong legs, powerful talons and keen eyesight. There are 233 species worldwide and 11 species which occur in the Solomon Islands.
- Pacific baza, Aviceda subcristata
- Whistling kite, Haliastur sphenurus
- Brahminy kite, Haliastur indus
- White-bellied sea eagle, Haliaeetus leucogaster
- Sanford's sea-eagle, Haliaeetus sanfordi (E)
- Swamp harrier, Circus approximans
- Grey goshawk, Accipiter novaehollandiae
- Brown goshawk, Accipiter fasciatus
- Pied goshawk, Accipiter albogularis
- Imitator sparrowhawk, Accipiter imitator (E)
- Meyer's goshawk, Accipiter meyerianus
Falconidae is a family of diurnal birds of prey. They differ from hawks, eagles and kites in that they kill with their beaks instead of their talons. There are 62 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in the Solomon Islands.
The Megapodiidae are stocky, medium-large chicken-like birds with small heads and large feet. All but the malleefowl occupy jungle habitats and most have brown or black colouring. There are 21 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in the Solomon Islands.
- Melanesian scrubfowl, Megapodius eremita
The buttonquails are small, drab, running birds which resemble the true quails. The female is the brighter of the sexes and initiates courtship. The male incubates the eggs and tends the young. There are 16 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in the Solomon Islands.
- Red-backed buttonquail, Turnix maculosa
Rails, crakes, gallinules and coots
Rallidae is a large family of small to medium-sized birds which includes the rails, crakes, coots and gallinules. Typically they inhabit dense vegetation in damp environments near lakes, swamps or rivers. In general they are shy and secretive birds, making them difficult to observe. Most species have strong legs and long toes which are well adapted to soft uneven surfaces. They tend to have short, rounded wings and to be weak fliers. There are 143 species worldwide and 9 species which occur in the Solomon Islands.
- Woodford's rail, Nesoclopeus woodfordi (E)
- Buff-banded rail, Gallirallus philippensis
- Roviana rail, Gallirallus rovianae (E)
- Plain bush-hen, Amaurornis olivaceus
- Rufous-tailed bush-hen, Amaurornis moluccanus
- Spotless crake, Porzana tabuensis
- White-browed crake, Porzana cinerea
- Australasian swamphen, Porphyrio melanotus
- San Cristobal moorhen, Gallinula silvestris (E)
The thick-knees are a group of largely tropical waders in the family Burhinidae. They are found worldwide within the tropical zone, with some species also breeding in temperate Europe and Australia. They are medium to large waders with strong black or yellow-black bills, large yellow eyes and cryptic plumage. Despite being classed as waders, most species have a preference for arid or semi-arid habitats. There are 9 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in the Solomon Islands.
- Beach thick-knee, Burhinus magnirostris
Pratincoles and coursers
Glareolidae is a family of wading birds comprising the pratincoles, which have short legs, long pointed wings and long forked tails, and the coursers, which have long legs, short wings and long pointed bills which curve downwards. There are 17 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in the Solomon Islands.
- Oriental pratincole, Glareola maldivarum (A)
Plovers and lapwings
The family Charadriidae includes the plovers, dotterels and lapwings. They are small to medium-sized birds with compact bodies, short, thick necks and long, usually pointed, wings. They are found in open country worldwide, mostly in habitats near water. There are 66 species worldwide and 6 species which occur in the Solomon Islands.
- Masked lapwing, Vanellus miles
- Pacific golden plover, Pluvialis fulva
- Black-bellied plover, Pluvialis squatarola
- Lesser sandplover, Charadrius mongolus
- Greater sandplover, Charadrius leschenaultii
- Oriental plover, Charadrius veredus (A)
Sandpipers and allies
Scolopacidae is a large diverse family of small to medium-sized shorebirds including the sandpipers, curlews, godwits, shanks, tattlers, woodcocks, snipes, dowitchers and phalaropes. The majority of these species eat small invertebrates picked out of the mud or soil. Variation in length of legs and bills enables multiple species to feed in the same habitat, particularly on the coast, without direct competition for food. There are 89 species worldwide and 22 species which occur in the Solomon Islands.
- Swinhoe's snipe, Gallinago megala
- Black-tailed godwit, Limosa limosa
- Bar-tailed godwit, Limosa lapponica
- Little curlew, Numenius minutus
- Whimbrel, Numenius phaeopus
- Far Eastern curlew, Numenius madagascariensis
- Common redshank, Tringa totanus
- Marsh sandpiper, Tringa stagnatilis
- Common greenshank, Tringa nebularia
- Wood sandpiper, Tringa glareola (A)
- Terek sandpiper, Xenus cinereus
- Common sandpiper, Actitis hypoleucos
- Grey-tailed tattler, Heterosceles brevipes
- Wandering tattler, Heterosceles incanus
- Ruddy turnstone, Arenaria interpres
- Sanderling, Calidris alba
- Red-necked stint, Calidris ruficollis
- Pectoral sandpiper, Calidris melanotos (A)
- Sharp-tailed sandpiper, Calidris acuminata
- Curlew sandpiper, Calidris ferruginea
- Broad-billed sandpiper, Limicola falcinellus (A)
- Ruff, Philomachus pugnax (A)
The family Stercorariidae are, in general, medium to large birds, typically with grey or brown plumage, often with white markings on the wings. They nest on the ground in temperate and arctic regions and are long-distance migrants. There are 7 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in the Solomon Islands.
- Long-tailed jaeger, Stercorarius longicaudus (A)
Laridae is a family of medium to large seabirds, the gulls and kittiwakes. They are typically grey or white, often with black markings on the head or wings. They have stout, longish bills and webbed feet. There are 55 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in the Solomon Islands.
- Black-headed gull, Larus ridibundus (A)
Terns are a group of generally medium to large seabirds typically with grey or white plumage, often with black markings on the head. Most terns hunt fish by diving but some pick insects off the surface of fresh water. Terns are generally long-lived birds, with several species known to live in excess of 30 years. There are 44 species worldwide and 15 species which occur in the Solomon Islands.
- Caspian tern, Sterna caspia
- Lesser crested tern, Sterna bengalensis (A)
- Great crested tern, Sterna bergii
- Roseate tern, Sterna dougallii
- Black-naped tern, Sterna sumatrana
- Common tern, Sterna hirundo
- Little tern, Sterna albifrons
- Grey-backed tern, Sterna lunata
- Bridled tern, Sterna anaethetus
- Sooty tern, Sterna fuscata
- Whiskered tern, Chlidonias hybridus
- White-winged tern, Chlidonias leucopterus
- Black noddy, Anous minutus
- Brown noddy, Anous stolidus
- White tern, Gygis alba
Pigeons and doves
- Metallic pigeon, Columba vitiensis
- Yellow-legged pigeon, Columba pallidiceps
- MacKinlay's cuckoo-dove, Macropygia mackinlayi
- Crested cuckoo-dove, Reinwardtoena crassirostris (E)
- Emerald dove, Chalcophaps indica
- Stephan's emerald dove, Chalcophaps stephani
- Nicobar pigeon, Caloenas nicobarica
- White-breasted ground dove, Gallicolumba jobiensis
- Santa Cruz ground dove, Gallicolumba sanctaecrucis
- Thick-billed ground dove, Gallicolumba salamonis (E)
- Bronze ground dove, Gallicolumba beccarii
- Superb fruit-dove, Ptilinopus superbus
- Silver-capped fruit-dove, Ptilinopus richardsii (E)
- Red-bellied fruit-dove, Ptilinopus greyii
- Yellow-bibbed fruit-dove, Ptilinopus solomonensis
- Claret-breasted fruit-dove, Ptilinopus viridis
- White-headed fruit-dove, Ptilinopus eugeniae (E)
- Pacific imperial pigeon, Ducula pacifica
- Red-knobbed imperial pigeon, Ducula rubricera
- Island imperial pigeon, Ducula pistrinaria
- Chestnut-bellied imperial pigeon, Ducula brenchleyi (E)
- Pale mountain pigeon, Gymnophaps solomonensis (E)
The cockatoos share many features with other parrots including the characteristic curved beak shape and a zygodactyl foot, with two forward toes and two backwards toes. They differ, however in a number of characteristics, including the often spectacular movable headcrest. There are 21 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in the Solomon Islands.
- Ducorps' cockatoo, Cacatua ducorpsii (E)
Parrots are small to large birds with a characteristic curved beak. Their upper mandibles have slight mobility in the joint with the skull and they have a generally erect stance. All parrots are zygodactyl, having the four toes on each foot placed two at the front and two to the back. There are 335 species worldwide and 11 species which occur in the Solomon Islands.
- Cardinal lory, Chalcopsitta cardinalis
- Rainbow lorikeet, Trichoglossus haematodus
- Yellow-bibbed lory, Lorius chlorocercus (E)
- Palm lorikeet, Charmosyna palmarum
- Meek's lorikeet, Charmosyna meeki (E)
- Red-flanked lorikeet, Charmosyna placentis
- Duchess lorikeet, Charmosyna margarethae (E)
- Red-breasted pygmy-parrot, Micropsitta bruijnii
- Finsch's pygmy-parrot, Micropsitta finschii
- Singing parrot, Geoffroyus heteroclitus
- Eclectus parrot, Eclectus roratus
The family Cuculidae includes cuckoos, roadrunners and anis. These birds are of variable size with slender bodies, long tails and strong legs. The Old World cuckoos are brood parasites. There are 138 species worldwide and 8 species which occur in the Solomon Islands.
- Horsfield's cuckoo, Cuculus horsfieldi (A)
- Brush cuckoo, Cacomantis variolosus
- Fan-tailed cuckoo, Cacomantis flabelliformis
- Shining bronze cuckoo, Chrysococcyx lucidus
- Asian koel, Eudynamys scolopacea
- Australian koel, Eudynamys cyanocephala
- Long-tailed koel, Eudynamys taitensis
- Buff-headed coucal, Centropus milo (E)
Barn owls are medium to large owls with large heads and characteristic heart-shaped faces. They have long strong legs with powerful talons. There are 16 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in the Solomon Islands.
- Barn owl, Tyto alba
The typical owls are small to large solitary nocturnal birds of prey. They have large forward-facing eyes and ears, a hawk-like beak and a conspicuous circle of feathers around each eye called a facial disk. There are 195 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in the Solomon Islands.
The frogmouths are a group of nocturnal birds related to the nightjars. They are named for their large flattened hooked bill and huge frog-like gape, which they use to take insects. There are 12 species worldwide and 3 species which occur in the Solomon Islands, one species of which was only described in 2007.
- Marbled frogmouth, Podargus ocellatus
- Papuan frogmouth, Podargus papuensis
- Solomon Islands frogmouth, Rigidipenna inexpectata (E)
Nightjars are medium-sized nocturnal birds that usually nest on the ground. They have long wings, short legs and very short bills. Most have small feet, of little use for walking, and long pointed wings. Their soft plumage is camouflaged to resemble bark or leaves. There are 86 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in the Solomon Islands.
Swifts are small birds which spend the majority of their lives flying. These birds have very short legs and never settle voluntarily on the ground, perching instead only on vertical surfaces. Many swifts have long swept-back wings which resemble a crescent or boomerang. There are 98 species worldwide and 4 species which occur in the Solomon Islands.
- Glossy swiftlet, Collocalia esculenta
- White-rumped swiftlet, Aerodramus spodiopygius
- Mayr's swiftlet, Aerodramus orientalis
- Uniform swiftlet, Aerodramus vanikorensis
The treeswifts, also called crested swifts, are closely related to the true swifts. They differ from the other swifts in that they have crests, long forked tails and softer plumage. There are 4 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in the Solomon Islands.
- Moustached treeswift, Hemiprocne mystacea
Kingfishers are medium-sized birds with large heads, long pointed bills, short legs and stubby tails. There are 93 species worldwide and 9 species which occur in the Solomon Islands.
- Common kingfisher, Alcedo atthis
- Little kingfisher, Alcedo pusilla
- North Solomons dwarf kingfisher, Ceyx meeki (E)
- New Georgia dwarf kingfisher, Ceyx collectoris (E)
- Malaita dwarf kingfisher, Ceyx malaitae (E)
- Guadalcanal dwarf kingfisher, Ceyx nigromaxilla (E)
- Makira dwarf kingfisher, Ceyx gentianus (E)
- Ultramarine kingfisher, Todirhamphus leucopygius (E)
- Melanesian kingfisher, Todirhamphus tristrami
- Pacific kingfisher, Todirhamphus sacer
- Beach kingfisher, Todirhamphus saurophaga
- Sacred kingfisher, Todirhamphus sanctus
- Moustached kingfisher, Actenoides bougainvillei (E)
The bee-eaters are a group of near passerine birds in the family Meropidae. Most species are found in Africa but others occur in southern Europe, Madagascar, Australia and New Guinea. They are characterised by richly coloured plumage, slender bodies and usually elongated central tail feathers. All are colourful and have long downturned bills and pointed wings, which give them a swallow-like appearance when seen from afar. There are 26 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in the Solomon Islands.
- Rainbow bee-eater, Merops ornatus
Rollers resemble crows in size and build, but are more closely related to the kingfishers and bee-eaters. They share the colourful appearance of those groups with blues and browns predominating. The two inner front toes are connected, but the outer toe is not. There are 12 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in the Solomon Islands.
- Dollarbird, Eurystomus orientalis
Hornbills are a group of birds whose bill is shaped like a cow's horn, but without a twist, sometimes with a casque on the upper mandible. Frequently, the bill is brightly coloured. There are 57 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in the Solomon Islands.
- Blyth's hornbill, Aceros plicatus
Pittas are medium-sized by passerine standards and are stocky, with fairly long, strong legs, short tails and stout bills. Many are brightly coloured. They spend the majority of their time on wet forest floors, eating snails, insects and similar invertebrates. There are 32 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in the Solomon Islands.
- Black-faced pitta, Pitta anerythra (E)
Swallows and martins
The family Hirundinidae is adapted to aerial feeding. They have a slender streamlined body, long pointed wings and a short bill with a wide gape. The feet are adapted to perching rather than walking, and the front toes are partially joined at the base. There are 75 species worldwide and 3 species which occur in the Solomon Islands.
- Pacific swallow, Hirundo tahitica
- Red-rumped swallow, Cecropis daurica
- Tree martin, Petrochelidon nigricans
Wagtails and pipits
Motacillidae is a family of small passerine birds with medium to long tails. They include the wagtails, longclaws and pipits. They are slender, ground feeding insectivores of open country. There are 54 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in the Solomon Islands.
- Yellow wagtail, Motacilla flava (A)
The cuckoo-shrikes are small to medium-sized passerine birds. They are predominantly greyish with white and black, although some species are brightly coloured. There are 82 species worldwide and 8 species which occur in the Solomon Islands.
- Melanesian cuckoo-shrike, Coracina caledonica
- Black-faced cuckoo-shrike, Coracina novaehollandiae
- Yellow-eyed cuckoo-shrike, Coracina lineata
- White-bellied cuckoo-shrike, Coracina papuensis
- Cicadabird, Coracina tenuirostris
- Solomon Islands cuckoo-shrike, Coracina holopolia (E)
- Polynesian triller, Lalage maculosa
- Long-tailed triller, Lalage leucopyga
Thrushes and allies
The thrushes are a group of passerine birds that occur mainly in the Old World. They are plump, soft plumaged, small to medium-sized insectivores or sometimes omnivores, often feeding on the ground. Many have attractive songs. There are 335 species worldwide and 6 species which occur in the Solomon Islands.
- Scaly thrush, Zoothera dauma
- Olive-tailed thrush, Zoothera lunulata
- Russet-tailed thrush, Zoothera heinei
- New Britain thrush, Zoothera talaseae
- San Cristobal thrush, Zoothera margaretae (E)
- Island thrush, Turdus poliocephalus
Old World warblers
The family Sylviidae is a group of small insectivorous passerine birds. They mainly occur as breeding species, as the common name implies, in Europe, Asia and, to a lesser extent, Africa. Most are of generally undistinguished appearance, but many have distinctive songs. There are 291 species worldwide and 11 species which occur in the Solomon Islands.
- Shade warbler, Cettia parens (E)
- Oriental reed-warbler, Acrocephalus orientalis
- Clamorous reed-warbler, Acrocephalus stentoreus
- Australian reed-warbler, Acrocephalus australis
- Sulphur-breasted warbler, Phylloscopus ricketti
- Mountain warbler, Phylloscopus trivirgatus
- Island leaf-warbler, Phylloscopus poliocephalus
- Makira leaf-warbler, Phylloscopus makirensis (E)
- Sombre leaf-warbler, Phylloscopus amoenus (E)
- Bougainville thicketbird, Megalurulus llaneae (E)
- Guadalcanal thicketbird, Megalurulus whitneyi
The fantails are small insectivorous birds which are specialist aerial feeders. There are 44 species worldwide and 8 species which occur in the Solomon Islands.
- Willie-wagtail, Rhipidura leucophrys
- White-winged fantail, Rhipidura cockerelli (E)
- Brown fantail, Rhipidura drownei (E)
- Dusky fantail, Rhipidura tenebrosa (E)
- Rennell fantail, Rhipidura rennelliana (E)
- Grey fantail, Rhipidura fuliginosa
- Malaita fantail, Rhipidura malaitae (E)
- Rufous fantail, Rhipidura rufifrons
The monarch flycatchers are small to medium-sized insectivorous passerines which hunt by flycatching. There are 99 species worldwide and 14 species which occur in the Solomon Islands.
- Vanikoro monarch, Mayrornis schistaceus (E)
- Rennell shrikebill, Clytorhynchus hamlini (E)
- Black-throated shrikebill, Clytorhynchus nigrogularis
- Island monarch, Monarcha cinerascens
- Bougainville monarch, Monarcha erythrostictus (E)
- Chestnut-bellied monarch, Monarcha castaneiventris (E)
- White-capped monarch, Monarcha richardsii (E)
- Kulambangra monarch, Monarcha browni (E)
- White-collared monarch, Monarcha viduus (E)
- Black-and-white monarch, Monarcha barbatus (E)
- Steel-blue flycatcher, Myiagra ferrocyanea (E)
- Ochre-headed flycatcher, Myiagra cervinicauda (E)
- Melanesian flycatcher, Myiagra caledonica
- Vanikoro flycatcher, Myiagra vanikorensis
Most species of Petroicidae have a stocky build with a large rounded head, a short straight bill and rounded wingtips. They occupy a wide range of wooded habitats, from subalpine to tropical rainforest and mangrove swamp to semi-arid scrubland. All are primarily insectivores, although a few supplement their diet with seeds. There are 43 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in the Solomon Islands.
- Pacific robin, Petroica pusilla
Whistlers and allies
The family Pachycephalidae includes the whistlers, shrike-thrushes, shrike-tits, pitohuis and crested bellbird. There are 57 species worldwide and 3 species which occur in the Solomon Islands.
- Golden whistler, Pachycephala pectoralis
- Black-tailed whistler, Pachycephala melanura
- Hooded whistler, Pachycephala implicata (E)
Thornbills and allies
Thornbills are small passerine birds, similar in habits to the tits. There are 65 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in the Solomon Islands.
- Fan-tailed gerygone, Gerygone flavolateralis
Sunbirds and spiderhunters
The sunbirds and spiderhunters are very small passerine birds which feed largely on nectar, although they will also take insects, especially when feeding young. Flight is fast and direct on their short wings. Most species can take nectar by hovering like a hummingbird, but usually perch to feed. There are 131 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in the Solomon Islands.
- Olive-backed sunbird, Cinnyris jugularis
The flowerpeckers are very small, stout, often brightly coloured birds, with short tails, short thick curved bills and tubular tongues. There are 44 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in the Solomon Islands.
The white-eyes are small and mostly undistinguished, their plumage above being generally some dull colour like greenish-olive, but some species have a white or bright yellow throat, breast or lower parts, and several have buff flanks. As their name suggests, many species have a white ring around each eye. There are 96 species worldwide and 12 species which occur in the Solomon Islands.
- Rennell white-eye, Zosterops rennellianus (E)
- Vella Lavella white-eye, Zosterops vellalavella (E)
- Ganongga white-eye, Zosterops splendidus (E)
- Gizo white-eye, Zosterops luteirostris (E)
- Yellow-throated white-eye, Zosterops metcalfii (E)
- Solomons white-eye, Zosterops rendovae (E)
- Kolombangara white-eye, Zosterops murphyi (E)
- Grey-throated white-eye, Zosterops ugiensis (E)
- Malaita white-eye, Zosterops stresemanni (E)
- Santa Cruz white-eye, Zosterops santaecrucis (E)
- Bare-eyed white-eye, Woodfordia superciliosa (E)
- Sanford's white-eye, Woodfordia lacertosa (E)
The honeyeaters are a large and diverse family of small to medium-sized birds most common in Australia and New Guinea. They are nectar feeders and closely resemble other nectar-feeding passerines. There are 174 species worldwide and 10 species which occur in the Solomon Islands.
- Bougainville honeyeater, Stresemannia bougainvillei (E)
- Cardinal myzomela, Myzomela cardinalis
- Scarlet-naped myzomela, Myzomela lafargei (E)
- Yellow-vented myzomela, Myzomela eichhorni (E)
- Red-bellied myzomela, Myzomela malaitae (E)
- Black-headed myzomela, Myzomela melanocephala (E)
- Sooty myzomela, Myzomela tristrami (E)
- Guadalcanal honeyeater, Guadalcanaria inexpectata (E)
- San Cristobal honeyeater, Meliarchus sclateri (E)
- Noisy miner, Manorina melanocephala (I)
The drongos are mostly black or dark grey in colour, sometimes with metallic tints. They have long forked tails, and some Asian species have elaborate tail decorations. They have short legs and sit very upright when perched, like a shrike. They flycatch or take prey from the ground. There are 24 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in the Solomon Islands.
Bellmagpies and allies
The cracticids: currawongs, bellmagpies and butcherbirds, are similar to the other corvids. They have large, straight bills and mostly black, white or grey plumage. All are omnivorous to some degree. There are 12 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in the Solomon Islands.
- Australian magpie, Gymnorhina tibicen (I)
Crows, jays, ravens and magpies
The family Corvidae includes crows, ravens, jays, choughs, magpies, treepies, nutcrackers and ground jays. Corvids are above average in size among the Passeriformes, and some of the larger species show high levels of intelligence. There are 120 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in the Solomon Islands.
Starlings are small to medium-sized passerine birds. Their flight is strong and direct and they are very gregarious. Their preferred habitat is fairly open country. They eat insects and fruit. Plumage is typically dark with a metallic sheen. There are 125 species worldwide and 11 species which occur in the Solomon Islands.
- Metallic starling, Aplonis metallica
- Singing starling, Aplonis cantoroides
- Atoll starling, Aplonis feadensis
- Rennell starling, Aplonis insularis (E)
- White-eyed starling, Aplonis brunneicapilla (E)
- Brown-winged starling, Aplonis grandis (E)
- San Cristobal starling, Aplonis dichroa (E)
- Rusty-winged starling, Aplonis zelandica
- Polynesian starling, Aplonis tabuensis
- Long-tailed myna, Mino kreffti
- Common myna, Acridotheres tristis (I)
Waxbills and allies
The estrildid finches are small passerine birds of the Old World tropics and Australasia. They are gregarious and often colonial seed eaters with short thick but pointed bills. They are all similar in structure and habits, but have wide variation in plumage colours and patterns. There are 141 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in the Solomon Islands.