List of busiest railway stations in North America

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This is a list of the busiest railway stations in North America. The figures are collected by the different operating agencies of each railway station, and are estimates based on ticket usage data, crowd sizes and other extrapolations. This data only covers Canada and the United States as a detailed passenger volume breakdown of other countries in North America such as Mexico is not available.

List of busiest railway stations by annual passenger and commuter rail volume[edit]

This list ranks railway stations in North America based on annual volume of passengers traveling by passenger rail or commuter rail only. Other visitors are not included.

For example, Grand Central Terminal, a major attraction on its own right in New York City, has nearly 500,000[1][2][Note 1] people visiting the station daily either to shop, dine, conduct business, meet family and friends, or admire the station. Those visitors are not included in the count of passengers as they are not using the passenger rail or the commuter rail services. Similarly, Grand Central Terminal also has a major subway station in its vicinity which processes nearly 45 million[3] passengers annually but since they arrive and depart using the subway, they are also not included in the final passenger count.

Only stations which process at least 10 million annual passengers are shown. The below list is comparable with how Great Britain tracks its busiest railway stations as they also use the same criteria.

Rank Railway Station Annual entries/exits (millions) City Country Main Services Number of platforms Interchange systems Image
1 New York Penn Station 107.416[4][5][6][7][Note 2] New York City  United States Amtrak, Long Island Railroad, NJ Transit 11 New York City Subway, PATH Penn Station NYC main entrance.jpg
2 Toronto Union Station 72.410[8][9] Toronto  Canada Amtrak, GO Transit, Union Pearson Express, Via Rail 12 Toronto Streetcar, Toronto Subway Union Station, Toronto (30427373561).jpg
3 Grand Central Terminal 66.952[10] New York City  United States Metro-North Railroad 44 New York City Subway Blizzard of 2015- Empty Grand Central Terminal (16377099101).jpg
4 Jamaica Station 59.803[11] New York City  United States Long Island Railroad 5 AirTrain JFK, New York City Subway Jamaica station sunset, waiting.jpg
5 Chicago Union Station 43.948[12] Chicago  United States Amtrak, Metra 30 Chicago Subway Union Station 2.JPG
6 Ogilvie Transportation Center 31.905[13] Chicago  United States Metra 8 Chicago Subway Ogilvie Transportation Center.jpg
7 Newark Penn Station 17.881[14][15][16][17] Newark  United States Amtrak, Newark Light Rail, NJ Transit, PATH 6 Newark Penn Station June 2015 001.jpg
8 World Trade Center Station 17.159[18] New York City  United States PATH 4 New York City Subway Oculus World Trade Center - August 18 2016.jpg
9 Hoboken Terminal 14.950[19][20][21] Hoboken  United States Hudson–Bergen Light Rail, Metro-North Railroad, NJ Transit, PATH 10 Hoboken Terminal waitingroom 78076.jpg
10 Washington Union Station 13.665[22][23] Washington, D.C.  United States Amtrak, MARC Train, Virginia Railway Express 18 DC Streetcar, Washington Metro Union Station Washington DC.jpg
11 30th Street Station 12.270[24][25][26] Philadelphia  United States Amtrak, NJ Transit, SEPTA 9 30th Street Station Philadelphia July 2016 002 edit.jpg
12 Los Angeles Union Station 10.999[27]

[28][29]

Los Angeles  United States Amtrak, Metrolink 9 Los Angeles Metro Rail Union Station profile, LA, CA, jjron 22.03.2012.jpg
13 Millennium Station 10.764[30] Chicago  United States Metra 6 Chicago Subway Randolph Street Terminal (Millennium Station).jpg
14 Montreal Central Station 10.687[31][32][33] Montreal  Canada Amtrak, Exo, Via Rail 7 Montreal Metro Gare centrale de Montreal - 011.jpg

List of busiest railway stations by average weekday visitors[edit]

This list ranks railway stations in North America by average weekday visitors. There are two categories of visitors. The first are transit visitors which includes rail passengers, rail commuters, subway riders from adjoining subway stations, and people using other forms of transportation to get to and from the station such as Buses, Light Rail, Air Trains, etc. The second are non-transit visitors which includes people using the station amenities to shop, dine, meet family and friends, tourists visiting the station, people meeting at the station to conduct business, people walking through the station, and station employees and other workers who pass through the station. The average weekday visitor is the total of both categories.

Only stations which handle an average of at least 100,000 weekday visitors are shown.

Rank Station Transit Visitors
(Avg. per/weekday)
Non-Transit Visitors
(Avg. per/weekday)
Total Visitors
(Avg. per/weekday)
City Country
1 Grand Central Terminal 250,000[34] 500,000 750,000[35] New York City  United States
2 New York Penn Station 630,000[36] 20,000 650,000[37] New York City  United States
3 Toronto Union Station 250,000[38] 50,000 300,000[39] Toronto  Canada
4 Jamaica Station 200,000 - 200,000[40] New York City  United States
5 Washington Union Station 50,000[Note 3] 110,000[41][Note 4] 160,000 Washington, D.C.  United States
6 Chicago Union Station 150,000 - 150,000[42] Chicago  United States
7 Los Angeles Union Station 110,000 - 110,000[43] Los Angeles  United States
8 Ogilvie Transportation Center 106,700 - 106,700[44] Chicago  United States

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ 750,000 people visit Grand Central Terminal and over 250,000 are commuters who commute using passenger rail, commuter rail, subways and buses. Which gives 500,000 non-transit visitors.
  2. ^ Total is derived by adding up passengers on LIRR, NJ Transit and Amtrak. LIRR 2017 Totals breaks down as follows: 117180 daily weekday arrivals, 116160 daily weekday departures, 48960 Saturday arrivals, 48470 Saturday departures, 36950 Sunday arrivals, 40700 Sunday departures. This gives us a yearly total of ((117180+116160)*5+(48960+48470)+(36950+40700))*52 = 69,722,560. NJ Transit 2017 Totals breaks down as follows: 93,305 weekday arrivals and departures from Penn Station. Breakdown for Saturday and Sunday is not given but it can be calculated by looking at the percentage drop in total ridership. 307853 total trips took place on NJ Transit on a weekday, 104088 took place on Saturday and 87709 on Sunday. Which means ridership on Saturday is 33.8% that of an average weekday and ridership on Sunday is 28.5% that of a weekday. Which gives (93305*0.338) = 31547 arrivals and departures from Penn Station on Saturday and (93305*0.285) = 26853 arrivals and departures from Penn Station Sunday. Giving us a yearly total of ((93305*5)+31547+26853)*52 = 27,296,100. Amtrak 2017 total is: 10,397,729. Totaling up these 3 figures gives us: 69,722,560+27,296,100+10,397,729 = 107,416,389
  3. ^ Washington Union Station has 5,225,460 annual amtrak passengers and 28,864 daily metro riders. 5,225,460/365 + 28,864 = 43,180 and rounded up to 50,000 due to higher average of weekday vs weekend.
  4. ^ Washington Union Station receives 40 million annual visitors. 40,000,000/365 = 109,589. Rounded it to 110,000.

References[edit]

  1. ^ https://www.grandcentralterminal.com/about/
  2. ^ https://www.grandcentralterminal.com/
  3. ^ "Facts and Figures: Annual Subway Ridership 2012–2017". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. July 12, 2018. Retrieved July 12, 2018.
  4. ^ "NJ TRANSIT FACTS AT A GLANCE" (PDF). New Jersey Transit. Retrieved October 2, 2016.
  5. ^ "How Many Riders Use NJ Transit's Hoboken Train Station?". Hoboken Patch. Retrieved 2018-07-18.
  6. ^ "Amtrak Fact Sheet, FY2017, State of New York" (PDF). Amtrak. November 2017. Retrieved January 23, 2008.
  7. ^ http://web.mta.info/mta/news/books/docs/2017%20LIRR%20Ridership%20Book.pdf
  8. ^ "About Union Station". City of Toronto. Archived from the original on August 11, 2015. Retrieved August 14, 2015.
  9. ^ "Info to GO" (PDF). GO Transit. April 2015. Archived from the original (PDF) on May 8, 2016. Retrieved April 26, 2016.
  10. ^ "2017 MNR Ridership Appendix" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. April 23, 2018. p. 9. Retrieved November 24, 2018.
  11. ^ "State-of-the-Art Computerized Centralized Signal and Switch Control System installed at busy Jamaica Station Complex". mta.info. MTA. November 7, 2011. Retrieved June 16, 2015.
  12. ^ "Chicago Union Station Master Plan Study Completed" (Press release). City of Chicago. May 23, 2012. Retrieved February 11, 2013.
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  16. ^ "Amtrak Fact Sheet, FY2017, State of New Jersey" (PDF). Amtrak. November 2017. Retrieved 26 December 2017.
  17. ^ "PATH Ridership Report" (PDF). pathnynj.gov. Port Authority of New York and New Jersey. 2017. Retrieved January 28, 2018.
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  19. ^ "QUARTERLY RIDERSHIP TRENDS ANALYSIS" (PDF). NJ Transit. Archived from the original (PDF) on December 27, 2012. Retrieved January 4, 2013.
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  22. ^ "Metrorail Average Weekday Passenger Boardings" (PDF). WMATA. Retrieved 7 February 2017.
  23. ^ "Amtrak Fact Sheet, FY2017, District of Columbia" (PDF). Amtrak. November 2017. Retrieved 29 December 2017.
  24. ^ "QUARTERLY RIDERSHIP TRENDS ANALYSIS" (PDF). New Jersey Transit. Archived from the original (PDF) on December 27, 2012. Retrieved January 2, 2013.
  25. ^ "Amtrak State Fact Sheet, FY2017, Commonwealth of Pennsylvania" (PDF). Amtrak. November 2017. Retrieved December 5, 2017.
  26. ^ "Fiscal Year 2018 Annual Service Plan" (PDF). setpa.org.
  27. ^ "Amtrak Fact Sheet, FY2017, State of California" (PDF). Amtrak. November 2017. Retrieved 22 December 2017.
  28. ^ "Metro Board approves Union Station Master Plan, allowing near-term projects to go forward | Metro's The Source". Thesource.metro.net. 2014-10-23. Retrieved 2015-12-23.
  29. ^ "Facts and Numbers". Southern California Regional Rail Authority. Retrieved November 14, 2017.
  30. ^ On the Bi-Level, October 2007.
  31. ^ "Base de données 2011 - Attraits/Attractions". Tourisme Montréal. Archived from the original on 31 December 2013. Retrieved 24 May 2013.
  32. ^ "Montreal, QC (MTR)". GreatAmericanStations.com. 2016. Archived from the original on 28 May 2012. Retrieved 19 February 2017.
  33. ^ AMT Rapport Annuel 2015 - Transformer la mobilité (PDF), Agence métropolitaine de transport (AMT), p. 10, ISBN 978-2-550-75552-4, archived (PDF) from the original on 16 October 2016, retrieved 26 September 2016
  34. ^ https://www.grandcentralterminal.com/
  35. ^ https://www.grandcentralterminal.com/about/
  36. ^ Devin Leonard (January 10, 2018). "The Most Awful Transit Center in America Could Get Unimaginably Worse". Bloomberg L.P. Retrieved November 14, 2018.
  37. ^ https://untappedcities.com/2016/11/03/10-fun-facts-about-the-current-penn-station-we-learned-at-futurepenn-summit/
  38. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20150811073230/https://www1.toronto.ca/wps/portal/contentonly?vgnextoid=5e05962c8c3f0410VgnVCM10000071d60f89RCRD
  39. ^ https://torontounion.ca/
  40. ^ "State-of-the-Art Computerized Centralized Signal and Switch Control System installed at busy Jamaica Station Complex". mta.info. MTA. November 7, 2011. Retrieved June 16, 2015.
  41. ^ https://www.travelandleisure.com/slideshows/worlds-most-visited-tourist-attractions#5
  42. ^ "Chicago Union Station Master Plan Study Completed" (Press release). City of Chicago. May 23, 2012. Retrieved February 11, 2013.
  43. ^ "Metro Board approves Union Station Master Plan, allowing near-term projects to go forward | Metro's The Source". Thesource.metro.net. 2014-10-23. Retrieved 2015-12-23.
  44. ^ https://metrarail.com/content/dam/metra/documents/ridership_reports/Passgr%20Ops%20v4%2020131014.pdf