List of compositions by Maurice Ravel

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Maurice Ravel, ca. 1925.

This is a complete list of compositions by Maurice Ravel initially categorized by genre, and sorted within each genre chronologically in order of date the composition was completed. The "M." header is clickable and doing so will sort the entire list by order of composition completion date. (Clicking that header again will reverse the order; to return to the genre category order, reload the webpage.)

Catalogue "M" numbers were assigned by the musicologist Marcel Marnat according to date of composition. Arrangements by Ravel of his own works were assigned the "M" number of the original followed by a letter (a, b, c, etc.). Arrangements by Ravel of other composers' works or of "traditional" music were assigned a separate "MA" number, in order of date of arrangement.

List of compositions[edit]

M. Title Scoring Date Notes

Orchestra[edit]

43a Une Barque sur l'océan orchestra 1906 orchestration of M 43 No. 3;

1st version

54 Rapsodie espagnole
  1. Prélude à la nuit
  2. Malagueña
  3. Habanera
  4. Feria
orchestra 1907
A15 Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov: Antar orchestra 1909 incidental music to a 5-act play by Chékry-Ganem;

partial reorchestration of most of the symphonic poem Antar Op. 9, the movements reordered and interspersed with reorchestrated fragments of the same work, a fragment of the opera Mlada, orchestrated fragments of songs from the Romances Op. 4 and Op. 7, and an extract from Félicien David's composition Le Désert, all included as the basis for new music by Ravel mostly in the style of Rimsky-Korsakov used as interconnecting pieces with the larger Antar movements;

  • the orchestral score of the song fragments and David's piece are lost, though the song fragments exist in the piano reduction
19a Pavane pour une infante défunte orchestra 1910 orchestration of M 19
57a Daphnis et Chloé Suite No. 1
  1. Nocturne
  2. Interlude
  3. Danse guerrière
orchestra 1911 extracted and arranged from the ballet M 57
60a Ma mère l'Oye orchestra 1911 orchestration of M 60
A18 Erik Satie: Préludes pour Le Fils des étoiles orchestra 1910–11 originally for piano, new orchestration of No. 1;
  • lost;
  • planned new orchestration of all 3 preludes, only first was completed
57b Daphnis et Chloé Suite No. 2
  1. Lever du jour
  2. Pantomime
  3. Danse générale
orchestra 1913 extracted and arranged from the ballet M 57
A19 Modest Mussorgsky: Khovantchina, opera orchestra 1913 orchestration completed, some parts reorchestrated, and edited, in collaboration with Igor Stravinsky from the score by Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov
A20 Frédéric Chopin: Les Sylphides, ballet
  1. Prélude, Op. 28 No. 7
  2. Nocturne, Op. 32 No. 2
  3. Valse, Op. 70 No. 1
  4. Mazurka, Op. 33 No. 2
  5. Mazurka, Op. 67 No. 3
  6. Prélude, Op. 28 No. 7
  7. Valse, Op. 64 No. 2
  8. Grande valse brillante, Op. 18
orchestra 1914 new orchestration of various piano pieces arranged as a ballet for Vaslav Nijinsky's new ballet company;
  • lost
A21 Robert Schumann: Carnaval, ballet

I. Préambule XVI. Valse Allemande and Intermezzo: Paganini XX. Marche des Davidsbündler contre les Philistins }}

orchestra 1914 new orchestration of the suite for piano Op. 9 for Vaslav Nijinsky's new ballet company;
  • project abandoned;
  • only 3 of the 20 pieces survive, the remaining 17 are either lost or were never written
43c Alborada del gracioso orchestra 1918 orchestration of M 43 No. 4
A23 Emmanuel Chabrier: Menuet pompeux orchestra 1917–18 No. 9 of Pièces pittoresques;

originally for piano, orchestration for the Sergei Diaghilev ballet Las Meninas (Les Jardins d'Aranjuez)

68a Le Tombeau de Couperin
  1. Prélude
  2. Forlane
  3. Menuet
  4. Rigaudon
orchestra 1919 orchestration of 4 pieces (reordered) from M 68
A24 Modest Mussorgsky: Tableaux d'une exposition (Pictures at an Exhibition), suite orchestra 1922 originally for piano, orchestration (omitting the last "Promenade")
A25 Claude Debussy: Sarabande orchestra 1922 No. 2 of Pour le piano, originally for piano, orchestration;
  • published as No. 1 of Sarabande et Danse
A26 Claude Debussy: Danse (Tarantelle styrienne) orchestra 1922 originally for piano, orchestration;
  • published as No. 2 of Sarabande et Danse
43b Une Barque sur l'océan orchestra 1926 orchestration of M 43 No. 3;

revised version;

  • lost, possibly never written
7a Menuet antique orchestra 1929 orchestration of M 7

Concertante[edit]

66 Zaspiak-Bat piano and orchestra 1913–14 based on Basque themes;
  • sketches only
76a Tzigane, Rapsodie de concert violin and orchestra 1924 orchestration of M 76
82 Concerto for the Left Hand (in D major) piano left-hand and orchestra 1929–30
83 Concerto in G (major) piano and orchestra 1929–31

Chamber[edit]

12 Sonate (No. 1)
  1. Allegro
violin and piano 1897 1st movement only;
  • published posthumously
35 String Quartet in F major
  1. Allegro moderato, tres doux
  2. Assez vif, très rythmé
  3. Très lent
  4. Vif et agité
string quartet 1902–03
46 Introduction et Allegro harp, flute, clarinet, and string quartet 1905
67 Trio in A minor
  1. Modéré
  2. Pantoum. Assez vif
  3. Passacaille. Très large
  4. Final. Animé
piano, violin, and cello 1914
73a Duo for Le Tombeau de Claude Debussy violin and cello 1920 No. 1 of the multi-composer collection;

early version of Allegro (1st) movement of Sonate M 73

73 Sonate (in A minor)
  1. Allegro
  2. Très vif
  3. Lent
  4. Vif, avec entrain
violin and cello 1920–22
74 Berceuse sur le nom de Gabriel Fauré violin and piano 1922
76b Tzigane violin and piano luthéal 1922–24 alternate original version of M 76
76 Tzigane ("Gypsy") violin and piano 1922–24
77 Sonate (No. 2) in G major
  1. Allegretto
  2. Blues. Moderato (A-flat major)
  3. Perpetuum mobile. Allegro
violin and piano 1923–27

Piano solo[edit]

1 Piano Sonata
  1. Prélude
piano 1888 1st movement only;
  • student exercise;
  • lost
2 Variations on a Theme of Grieg piano 1888 theme: Death of Åse from Peer Gynt;
  • student exercise;
  • lost
3 Variations on a Theme of Schumann piano 1888 theme: Chorale Freu dich, o meine Seele from "Album for the Young", Op. 68;
  • student exercise;
  • lost
5 Sérénade grotesque piano 1892–93
  • discovered and published posthumously
7 Menuet antique piano 1895
11 La Parade, ballet piano 1896
  • piano sketch only, comprising 2 waltzes, 2 marches, and a mazurka;
  • discovered and published posthumously
14 Valse in D major piano 1898
  • lost
19 Pavane pour une infante défunte piano 1899"
20 Fugue piano 1899"
  • Prix de Rome essay competition;
  • lost
23 Fugue in D major piano 1900
  • Prix de Rome competition;
  • lost
24 Fugue à quatre voix on a theme of Reber in F major piano 1900
  • lost
26 Prélude et Fugue piano 1900
  • student competition;
  • lost
27 Fugue in F major piano 1900
  • Prix de Rome competition;
  • lost
30 Jeux d'eau piano 1901
32 Fugue in B-flat major piano 1902
  • Prix de Rome competition;
  • lost
A3 Frederick Delius: Margot la Rouge, opera piano 1902 reduction of orchestra part for piano
36 Fugue in E minor piano 1903
  • Prix de Rome competition;
  • lost
42 Menuet in C-sharp minor piano 1904
40 Sonatine
  1. Modéré
  2. Mouvement de menuet
  3. Animé
piano 1903–05
43 Miroirs
  1. Noctuelles
  2. Oiseaux tristes
  3. Une Barque sur l'océan
  4. Alborada del gracioso
  5. La Vallée des cloches
piano 1904–05
44 Fugue in C major piano 1905
  • Prix de Rome competition;
  • lost
55 Gaspard de la nuit, "3 poems for piano, after Aloysius Bertrand"
  1. Ondine
  2. Le Gibet
  3. Scarbo
piano 1908
58 Menuet sur le nom d'Haydn piano 1909
A15a Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov: Antar, incidental music piano 1909 reduction for piano of M A15
57d Daphnis et Chloé, ballet piano 1910 original version for piano of M 57
61 Valses nobles et sentimentales piano 1911
57c Danse gracieuse de Daphnis, suite
  1. Nocturne
  2. Interlude et Danse guerrière
  3. Scène de Daphnis et Chloé
piano 1913 transcription from Daphnis et Chloé ballet M 57
63 À la manière de... piano 1912–13 the Chabrier piece is a paraphrase on an aria from Gounod's Faust
65 Prélude piano 1913
68 Le tombeau de Couperin
  1. Prélude
  2. Fugue
  3. Forlane
  4. Rigaudon
  5. Menuet
  6. Toccata
piano 1914–17
72b La Valse piano 1920 transcription of M 72
80b Fanfare for L'éventail de Jeanne, children's ballet piano 1927 reduction for piano of M 80
81a Boléro piano 1929 transcription of M 81

Piano duo[edit]

A1 Camille Saint-Saëns: La jeunesse d'Hercule, symphonic poem, Op. 50 piano four-hands 1887 originally for orchestra, arrangement
8 Habanera two pianos 1895
  • published as No. 1 of Sites auriculaires, with M 13;
  • used later as No. 3 of Rapsodie espagnole M 54a
13 Entre Cloches two pianos 1897
  • published as No. 2 of Sites auriculaires, with M 8
17a Shéhérazade piano four-hands 1898 original version of Overture M 17
A2 Claude Debussy: Sirènes two pianos 1902 No. 3 of Nocturnes;

originally for orchestra and female chorus, arrangement; 1st version

54a Rapsodie espagnole
  1. Prélude à la nuit
  2. Malagueña
  3. Habanera
  4. Feria
two pianos 1907 original version of M 54;
  • III. Habanera, identical to M 8
56 Pavane de la Belle au bois dormant piano four-hands 1908 inspired by Charles Perrault;
  • used later as No. 1 of Ma mère l'Oye M 60
A14 Claude Debussy: Trois nocturnes
  1. Nuages
  2. Fêtes
  3. Sirènes
two pianos 1909 originally for orchestra, arrangement;

III. Sirènes, 2nd version

60 Ma mère l'Oye ("Mother Goose"), children's pieces
  1. Pavane de la belle au bois dormant
  2. Petit Poucet
  3. Laideronnette, impératrice des pagodes
  4. Les Entretiens de la belle et de la bête
  5. Le Jardin féerique
piano four-hands 1908–10 inspired by the tales of Charles Perrault and Madame d'Aulnoy;
  • I. Pavane, identical to M 56
A16 Claude Debussy: Prélude à l'après-midi d'un faune piano four-hands 1910 originally for orchestra, transcription
70 Frontispice two pianos five-hands 1918 for S.P. 503: Le Poème du Vardar by Ricciotto Canudo
72a La Valse two pianos 1920 transcription of M 72
80a Fanfare piano four-hands 1927 transcription of M 80
81b Boléro piano four-hands 1929 transcription of M 81
82a Concerto for the Left Hand two pianos 1930 reduction of orchestra part of M 82 for piano
83a Concerto in G two pianos 1932 reduction of orchestra part of M 83 for second piano

Stage[edit]

17 Shéhérazade, Ouverture de féerie orchestra 1898 originally intended as an opera, after "One Thousand and One Nights";
  • abandoned, only Overture completed and premiered separately as a concert piece
18 Olympia opera 1898–99" after E. T. A. Hoffmann's Der Sandmann ("The Sandman");
  • sketches destroyed except for a Symphonie horlogère incorporated into the opening of L'heure espagnole M 52
52 L'Heure espagnole ("The Spanish Hour") opera 1907–11 libretto: Franc-Nohain
49 La Cloche engloutie ("The Sunken Clock") opera 1906–12 after Gerhart Hauptmann's Die versunkene Glocke;
  • planned work, sketches (if any) were destroyed by Ravel
57 Daphnis et Chloé ballet 1909–12
61a Adélaïde ou le langage des fleurs (Adelaide, or The Language of Flowers) ballet 1912 orchestration of Valses nobles et sentimentales M 61
62 Ma Mère l'Oye ("Mother Goose")
  1. Prélude. Très lent
  2. Premier tableau. Danse du rouet et scène
  3. Deuxième tableau. Pavane de la belle au bois dormant
  4. Interlude
  5. Troisième tableau. Les Entretiens de la belle et de la bête
  6. Interlude
  7. Quatrième tableau. Petit Poucet
  8. Interlude
  9. Cinquième tableau. Laideronnette, impératrice des Pagodes
  10. Interlude
  11. Sixième tableau. Apothéose. Le Jardin féerique
ballet 1911–12 orchestral version (M 60a) with new music added (2 new opening pieces plus 4 new interludes);
  • III. identical to M 60a I;
  • V. identical to M 60a IV;
  • VII. identical to M 60a II;
  • IX. identical to M 60a III;
  • XI. identical to M 60a V
72 La Valse, Poème chorégraphique ballet 1919–20
  • sketches 1906
71 L'Enfant et les sortilèges, Fantaisie lyrique ("The Child and the Spells"), operetta-ballet 8 solo voices, mixed choir, children's choir, and orchestra with piano luthéal 1917–25 libretto: Colette
80 Fanfare for L'éventail de Jeanne, children's ballet ballet with small orchestra 1927 No. 1 (Prélude) of the collective composition (by 10 French composers)
81 Boléro ballet 1928
85 Morgiane, oratorio-ballet vocal soloists, choir, and orchestra 1932 libretto after "One Thousand and One Nights";
  • sketches only
84 Don Quichotte à Dulcinée, song cycle
  1. Chanson romanesque
  2. Chanson épique
  3. Chanson à boire
baritone and orchestra 1933 text: Paul Morand, originally intended as film music for G.W. Pabst's 1933 film Don Quixote but Ravel's music was not used;
  • unfinished, originally projected as 4 songs plus incidental music, but only 3 songs completed
86 Jeanne d'Arc ("Joan of Arc") opera 1930s after Joseph Delteil's Jeanne d'Arc, planned for the Paris Opéra;
  • unrealised project

Choral[edit]

22 Callerhoe cantata 1900
  • Prix de Rome essay competition;
  • partially lost
25 Les Bayadères soprano, mixed choir, and orchestra 1900
  • Prix de Rome competition
28 Tout est lumière soprano, mixed choir, and orchestra 1901
  • Prix de Rome competition
29 Myrrha, cantata soprano, tenor, baritone, and orchestra 1901 text: Fernand Beissier;
  • Prix de Rome competition
31 Semiramis cantata 1902
  • student competition;
  • partially lost
33 La Nuit soprano, mixed choir, and orchestra 1902
  • Prix de Rome competition
34 Alcyone soprano, alto, tenor, and orchestra 1902 text: Eugène et Edouard Adenis;
  • Prix de Rome competition
37 Matinée en Provence soprano, mixed choir, and orchestra 1903
  • Prix de Rome competition
38 Alyssa, cantata soprano, tenor, baritone, and orchestra 1903 text: Marguerite Coiffier;
  • Prix de Rome competition
45 L'Aurore tenor, mixed choir, and orchestra 1905
  • Prix de Rome competition
59 Saint François d'Assise soloists, choir, and orchestra 1909–10
  • lost
69 Trois chansons
  1. Nicolette
  2. Trois beaux oiseaux du paradis
  3. Ronde
mixed choir unaccompanied 1914–15 lyrics by Ravel

Solo voice with orchestra[edit]

39a Manteau des fleurs voice and orchestra 1903? orchestration of M 39
41 Shéhérazade, poems
  1. Asie
  2. La Flûte enchantée
  3. L'Indifférent
soprano/tenor and orchestra 1903 text: Tristan Klingsor
47a Noël des jouets voice and orchestra 1906 orchestration of M 47;

1st version

47b Noël des jouets voice and orchestra 1913 orchestration of M 47;

revised version

64 Trois poèmes de Stéphane Mallarmé, song cycle
  1. Soupir
  2. Placet futile
  3. Surgi de la croupe et du bond
medium voice, piccolo, 2 flutes, clarinet, bass clarinet, string quartet, and piano 1913 text: Stéphane Mallarmé
78 Chansons madécasses ("Madagascan Songs"), song cycle
  1. Nahandove
  2. Aoua
  3. Il est doux
soprano, flute, cello, and piano 1925–26 text: Evariste-Désiré Parny de Forges
75a Ronsard à son âme voice and orchestra 1935 orchestration of M 75

Solo voice with piano[edit]

4 Ballade de la reine morte d'aimer, song voice and piano 1893 text: Roland de Marès
6 Un grand sommeil noir, song deep voice and piano 1895 text: Paul Verlaine
9 Sainte, song voice and piano 1896 text: Stéphane Mallarmé
10 D'Anne jouant l'espinette, song voice and harpsichord/piano 1896 text: Clément Marot
15 Chanson de rouet, song voice and piano 1898 text: Leconte de Lisle
16 Si Morne!, song voice and piano 1898 text: Émile Verhaeren
21 D'Anne qui me jecta de la neige, song voice and piano 1899" text: Clément Marot
39 Manteau des fleurs, song voice and piano 1903 text: Paul Gravollet
A4 Quel galant m'est comparable, song voice and piano 1904 text: Greek traditional, in French translation by Michel-Dimitri Calvocoressi;
  • published as No. 3 of Cinq mélodies populaires grecques ("Five Greek Folk Songs")
A5 Chanson des cueilleuses de lentisques, song voice and piano 1904 text: Greek traditional, in French translation by Michel-Dimitri Calvocoressi;
  • published as No. 4 of Cinq mélodies populaires grecques ("Five Greek Folk Songs")
A6 À vous, oiseaux des plaines, song voice and piano 1904 text: Greek traditional, in French translation by Michel-Dimitri Calvocoressi;
  • lost
A7 Chanson du pâtre épirote, song voice and piano 1904 text: Greek traditional, in French translation by Michel-Dimitri Calvocoressi;
  • lost
A8 Mon mouchoir, hélas, est perdu, song voice and piano 1904 text: Greek traditional, in French translation by Michel-Dimitri Calvocoressi;
  • lost
47 Noël des jouets ("The Toys' Christmas"), song voice and piano 1905 lyrics by Ravel
48 Les grands Vents venus d'outre-mer, song voice and piano 1906 text: Henri de Régnier
50 Histoires naturelles ("Natural Histories"), song cycle
  1. Le Paon
  2. Le Grillon
  3. Le Cygne
  4. Le Martin-pêcheur
  5. La Pintade
medium voice and piano 1906 text: Jules Renard
A9 Chanson de la mariée, song voice and piano 1905–06 text: Greek traditional, in French translation by Michel-Dimitri Calvocoressi;
  • published as No. 1 of Cinq mélodies populaires grecques ("Five Greek Folk Songs")
A10 Là-bas, vers l'église, song voice and piano 1905–06 text: Greek traditional, in French translation by Michel-Dimitri Calvocoressi;
  • published as No. 2 of Cinq mélodies populaires grecques ("Five Greek Folk Songs")
A11 Tout gai!, song voice and piano 1905–06 text: Greek traditional, in French translation by Michel-Dimitri Calvocoressi;
  • published as No. 5 of Cinq mélodies populaires grecques ("Five Greek Folk Songs")
51 Vocalise-étude en forme de habanera, song deep voice and piano 1907
53 Sur l'herbe, song voice and piano 1907 text: Paul Verlaine
A12 Chanson écossaise: Ye banks and braes o' bonnie ("Scottish Song"), song voice and piano 1909 text: Robert Burns, in English
A13 Tripatos: Kherya pou dhen idhen ilyos, song voice and piano 1909 text: Greek traditional, in Greek
A17 Chants populaires ("Folk Songs"), songs
  1. Chanson espagnole: Adios men homino ("Spanish Song")
  2. Chanson française: Janeta ount anirem gardar ("French Song")
  3. Chanson italienne: M'affaccio la finestra ("Italian Song")
  4. Chanson hébraïque: Mejerke, main Suhn ("Hebrew Song")
medium voice and piano 1910 1. text: Spanish traditional, in Galician;

2. text: French traditional, in Limousin;

3. text: Italian traditional, in Italian;

4. text: Hebrew traditional, in Yiddish and Hebrew

64a Trois poèmes de Stéphane Mallarmé, song cycle voice and piano 1913 transcription of M 64
A22 Deux mélodies hébraïques ("Two Hebrew Songs"), songs
  1. Kaddich: Yithgaddal weyithkaddash
  2. L'énigme éternelle: Fragt die Velt die alte Casche
voice and piano 1914 1. text: Hebrew traditional, in Aramaic;

2. text: Hebrew traditional, in Yiddish

69a Trois chansons medium voice and piano 1915 arrangement of M 69
75 Ronsard à son âme, song voice and piano 1923–24 text: Pierre de Ronsard
79 Rêves, song voice and piano 1927 text: Léon-Paul Fargue
84a Don Quichotte à Dulcinée, song cycle baritone and piano 1932–33 original version of M 84

External links[edit]