List of largest lakes of the United States by area

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

The following is a list of lakes of the United States by normal surface area. The top twenty lakes in size are as listed by the National Atlas of the United States, a publication of the United States Department of the Interior. The area given is the normal or average area of the lake. The area of some lakes fluctuates substantially. For those lakes partially in Canada or Mexico the area given for the lake is the total area, not just the part of the lake in the United States.

Rank Name U.S. states/Canadian provinces/Mexican states Area Notes
1 Lake Superior Michigan-Minnesota-Wisconsin-Ontario 31,700 sq mi 82,103 km2 [1]
2 Lake Michigan Illinois-Indiana-Michigan-Wisconsin 22,300 sq mi 57,757 km2 [2]
3 Lake Huron Michigan-Ontario 22,300 sq mi 57,757 km2 [3]
4 Lake Erie Michigan-New York-Ohio-Ontario-Pennsylvania 9,910 sq mi 25,667 km2 [4]
5 Lake Ontario New York-Ontario 7,340 sq mi 19,011 km2 [5]
6 Great Salt Lake (salt) Utah 2,117 sq mi 5,483 km2 [6]
7 Lake of the Woods Manitoba-Minnesota-Ontario 1,679 sq mi 4,349 km2
8 Iliamna Lake Alaska 1,014 sq mi 2,626 km2
9 Lake Oahe (man-made) North Dakota-South Dakota 685 sq mi 1,774 km2 [7]
10 Lake Okeechobee Florida 662 sq mi 1,715 km2 [8]
11 Lake Pontchartrain (salt) Louisiana 631 sq mi 1,634 km2 [9]
12 Lake Sakakawea (man-made) North Dakota 520 sq mi 1,347 km2
13 Lake Champlain New York-Vermont-Quebec 490 sq mi 1,269 km2
14 Becharof Lake Alaska 453 sq mi 1,173 km2
15 Lake St. Clair Michigan - Ontario 440 sq mi 1,140 km2
16 Red Lake Minnesota 427 sq mi 1,106 km2 [10]
17 Selawik Lake Alaska 404 sq mi 1,046 km2
18 Fort Peck Lake (man-made) Montana 393 sq mi 1,018 km2
19 Salton Sea (salt, man-made) California 347 sq mi 899 km2 [11]
20 Rainy Lake Minnesota-Ontario 345 sq mi 894 km2
21 Devils Lake North Dakota 300.0 sq mi 777 km2 [12][13][14][15]
22 Toledo Bend Reservoir (man-made) Louisiana-Texas 284 sq mi 736 km2
23 Lake Powell (man-made) Arizona-Utah 251 sq mi 650 km2
24 Kentucky Lake (man-made) Kentucky-Tennessee 250 sq mi 647 km2
25 Lake Mead (man-made) Arizona-Nevada 247 sq mi 640 km2
26 Naknek Lake Alaska 242 sq mi 627 km2
27 Lake Winnebago Wisconsin 215 sq mi 557 km2
28 Mille Lacs Lake Minnesota 207 sq mi 536 km2
29 Flathead Lake Montana 192 sq mi 497 km2
30 Lake Tahoe California-Nevada 191 sq mi 495 km2
31 Pyramid Lake Nevada 183 sq mi 474 km2
32 Sam Rayburn Reservoir (man-made) Texas 179 sq mi 464 km2
33 Eufaula Lake (man-made) Oklahoma 169 sq mi 438 km2
34 Lake Marion (man-made) South Carolina 165 sq mi 427 km2
35 Leech Lake Minnesota 161 sq mi 417 km2
36 Utah Lake Utah 151 sq mi 391 km2
37 Lake Francis Case (man-made) South Dakota 149 sq mi 386 km2
38 Lake Pend Oreille Idaho 148 sq mi 383 km2
39 Lake Texoma (man-made) Oklahoma-Texas 139 sq mi 360 km2
40 Yellowstone Lake Wyoming 136 sq mi 352 km2
41 Falcon Lake (man-made) Tamaulipas-Texas 131 sq mi 339 km2
42 Lake Livingston (man-made) Texas 130 sq mi 337 km2
43 Lake Roosevelt (man-made) Washington 128 sq mi 332 km2
44 Lake Clark Alaska 120 sq mi 311 km2
45 Moosehead Lake Maine 117 sq mi 303 km2
46 Lake Strom Thurmond (man-made) Georgia-South Carolina 111 sq mi 287 km2
47 Bear Lake Idaho-Utah 109 sq mi 282 km2
48 Lake Guntersville (man-made) Alabama 108 sq mi 280 km2
49 Lake St. Francis (man-made) New York-Ontario-Quebec 105 sq mi 272 km2 [16]
50 Wheeler Lake (man-made) Alabama 105 sq mi 272 km2
51 Amistad Lake(man-made) Coahuila-Texas 102 sq mi 264 km2
52 Klamath Lake Oregon 96 sq mi 249 km2
53 Lake Moultrie (man-made) South Carolina 94 sq mi 243 km2
54 Lake Winnibigoshish Minnesota 91 sq mi 236 km2
55 Lake Barkley (man-made) Kentucky-Tennessee 91 sq mi 236 km2
56 Lake Sharpe (man-made) South Dakota 89 sq mi 231 km2
57 American Falls Reservoir (man-made) Idaho 88 sq mi 228 km2
58 Lake Hartwell (man-made) Georgia-South Carolina 87 sq mi 225 km2
59 Truman Reservoir (man-made) Missouri 87 sq mi 225 km2
60 Lake of the Ozarks (man-made) Missouri 86 sq mi 223 km2
61 Oneida Lake New York 80 sq mi 207 km2
62 Lake Cumberland (man-made) Kentucky 79 sq mi 205 km2
63 Kerr Lake (man-made) North Carolina-Virginia 78 sq mi 202 km2
64 Calcasieu Lake Louisiana 77 sq mi 199 km2
65 Lake Murray (man-made) South Carolina 75 sq mi 194 km2
66 Grand Lake o' the Cherokees (man-made) Oklahoma 73 sq mi 189 km2
67 Lake Winnipesaukee New Hampshire 71 sq mi 184 km2
68 Bull Shoals Lake (man-made) Arkansas-Missouri 71 sq mi 184 km2
69 Walter F. George Lake (man-made) Alabama-Georgia 71 sq mi 184 km2
70 Lake Martin (man-made) Alabama 69 sq mi 179 km2
71 Clear Lake California 68 sq mi 176 km2
72 Robert S. Kerr Lake (man-made) Oklahoma 68 sq mi 176 km2
73 Seneca Lake New York 68 sq mi 176 km2
74 Pickwick Lake (man-made) Alabama-Mississippi 67 sq mi 174 km2
75 Table Rock Lake (man-made) Arkansas-Missouri 67 sq mi 174 km2
76 Cayuga Lake New York 67 sq mi 174 km2
77 Flaming Gorge Reservoir (man-made) Utah-Wyoming 66 sq mi 171 km2
78 Lake Vermilion Minnesota 63 sq mi 163 km2
79 Lake Ouachita (man-made) Arkansas 63 sq mi 163 km2
80 Lake Mattamuskeet North Carolina 63 sq mi 163 km2
81 Watts Bar Lake (man-made) Tennessee 61 sq mi 158 km2
82 Lake Wallula (man-made) Oregon-Washington 61 sq mi 158 km2
83 Lake Lanier (man-made) Georgia 59 sq mi 153 km2
84 Lake Seminole (man-made) Florida-Georgia 58 sq mi 150 km2
85 Lake Tawakoni (man-made) Texas 57 sq mi 148 km2
86 Elephant Butte Lake (man-made) New Mexico 57 sq mi 148 km2
87 Chickamauga Lake (man-made) Tennessee 57 sq mi 148 km2
88 Grenada Lake (man-made) Mississippi 55 sq mi 142 km2
89 Lake Kissimmee Florida 55 sq mi 142 km2
90 Lake Dardanelle (man-made) Arkansas 54 sq mi 140 km2
91 Norris Lake (man-made) Tennessee 53 sq mi 137 km2
92 Canyon Ferry Lake (man-made) Montana 53 sq mi 137 km2
93 Lake Chelan Washington 52 sq mi 135 km2
94 Cedar Creek Lake (man-made) Texas 51 sq mi 132 km2
95 Lake Norman (man-made) North Carolina 51 sq mi 132 km2
96 Sardis Lake (man-made) Mississippi 51 sq mi 132 km2
97 Walker Lake (Nevada) Nevada 50 sq mi 129 km2
98 Lake McConaughy (man-made) Nebraska 56 sq mi 145 km2
99 Lake George New York 56 sq mi 145 km2
100 Beaver Lake (man-made) Arkansas 44.06 sq mi 114 km2
101 Great Sacandaga Lake New York 42 sq mi 109 km2

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ One of the Great Lakes; considered the largest lake in the United States by the National Atlas of the United States.
  2. ^ One of the Great Lakes.
  3. ^ Although it forms one a single hydrological unit with Lake Huron (their surfaces are at the same elevation and the water flows in either direction in the channel separating them), they are generally considered distinct lakes, and Lake Michigan is generally considered the largest lake entirely within the United States, as Lake Huron and Lake Superior are binational (shared with Canada).
  4. ^ One of the Great Lakes.
  5. ^ One of the Great Lakes.
  6. ^ If Lake Michigan and Lake Huron are considered the same lake, the largest lake entirely within the United States. Also the largest salt lake in the United States.
  7. ^ Largest man-made lake (reservoir) by surface area in the United States.
  8. ^ Largest lake in the South
  9. ^ Often considered an estuary rather than a lake
  10. ^ includes both Upper and Lower Red Lake
  11. ^ highly variable in area
  12. ^ The area of Devils Lake was taken from the summer 2011 record peak of 1,454.4 ft (443.3 m) MSL. Devils Lake has experienced severe flooding and has risen more than 31 feet (9.4 m) since 1993. Area has increased by 4 times.
  13. ^ Devils Lake Elevation-Volume Table
  14. ^ USGS Devils Lake Flood History
  15. ^ National Weather Service Advanced Hydrologic Prediction Service (NWS AHPS) for Devils Lake at Creel Bay
  16. ^ Part of St. Lawrence Seaway

See also[edit]

External links[edit]