List of largest lakes of the United States by area

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The following is a list of the largest 100 lakes of the United States by normal surface area. The top twenty lakes in size are as listed by the National Atlas of the United States, a publication of the United States Department of the Interior. The area given is the normal or average area of the lake. The area of some lakes fluctuates substantially. For those lakes partially in Canada or Mexico the area given for the lake is the total area, not just the part of the lake in the United States. Of the top 100 lakes, 55 are man-made and 45 are natural. Three lakes in the top 100 are primarily salt water.

Rank Name U.S. states/Canadian provinces/Mexican states Area Type Notes
1 Lake Superior Michigan-Minnesota-Wisconsin-Ontario 31,700 sq mi 82,103 km2 natural [1]
2 Lake Huron Michigan-Ontario 23,000 sq mi 59,570 km2 natural [2]
3 Lake Michigan Illinois-Indiana-Michigan-Wisconsin 22,300 sq mi 57,757 km2 natural [3]
4 Lake Erie Michigan-New York-Ohio-Ontario-Pennsylvania 9,910 sq mi 25,667 km2 natural [4]
5 Lake Ontario New York-Ontario 7,340 sq mi 19,011 km2 natural [5]
6 Great Salt Lake Utah 2,117 sq mi 5,483 km2 natural salt[6]
7 Lake of the Woods Manitoba-Minnesota-Ontario 1,679 sq mi 4,349 km2 natural
8 Iliamna Lake Alaska 1,014 sq mi 2,626 km2 natural
9 Lake Oahe North Dakota-South Dakota 685 sq mi 1,774 km2 man-made [7]
10 Lake Okeechobee Florida 662 sq mi 1,715 km2 natural [8]
11 Lake Pontchartrain Louisiana 631 sq mi 1,634 km2 natural salt [9]
12 Lake Sakakawea North Dakota 520 sq mi 1,347 km2 man-made
13 Lake Champlain New York-Vermont-Quebec 490 sq mi 1,269 km2 natural
14 Becharof Lake Alaska 453 sq mi 1,173 km2 natural
15 Lake St. Clair Michigan - Ontario 440 sq mi 1,140 km2 natural
16 Red Lake Minnesota 427 sq mi 1,106 km2 natural [10]
17 Selawik Lake Alaska 404 sq mi 1,046 km2 natural
18 Fort Peck Lake Montana 393 sq mi 1,018 km2 man-made
19 Salton Sea California 347 sq mi 899 km2 man-made salt[11]
20 Rainy Lake Minnesota-Ontario 345 sq mi 894 km2 natural
21 Devils Lake North Dakota 300 sq mi 777 km2 natural [12][13][14][15]
22 Toledo Bend Reservoir Louisiana-Texas 284 sq mi 736 km2 man-made
23 Lake Powell Arizona-Utah 251 sq mi 650 km2 man-made
24 Kentucky Lake Kentucky-Tennessee 250 sq mi 647 km2 man-made
25 Lake Mead Arizona-Nevada 247 sq mi 640 km2 man-made
26 Naknek Lake Alaska 242 sq mi 627 km2 natural
27 Lake Winnebago Wisconsin 215 sq mi 557 km2 natural
28 Mille Lacs Lake Minnesota 207 sq mi 536 km2 natural
29 Flathead Lake Montana 192 sq mi 497 km2 natural
30 Lake Tahoe California-Nevada 191 sq mi 495 km2 natural
31 Pyramid Lake Nevada 183 sq mi 474 km2 natural
32 Sam Rayburn Reservoir Texas 179 sq mi 464 km2 man-made
33 Eufaula Lake Oklahoma 169 sq mi 438 km2 man-made
34 Lake Marion South Carolina 165 sq mi 427 km2 man-made
35 Leech Lake Minnesota 161 sq mi 417 km2 natural
36 Utah Lake Utah 151 sq mi 391 km2 natural
37 Lake Francis Case South Dakota 149 sq mi 386 km2 man-made
38 Lake Pend Oreille Idaho 148 sq mi 383 km2 natural
39 Lake Texoma Oklahoma-Texas 139 sq mi 360 km2 man-made
40 Yellowstone Lake Wyoming 136 sq mi 352 km2 natural
41 Falcon Lake Tamaulipas-Texas 131 sq mi 339 km2 natural
42 Lake Livingston Texas 130 sq mi 337 km2 man-made
43 Franklin D. Roosevelt Lake Washington 128 sq mi 332 km2 man-made
44 Lake Clark Alaska 120 sq mi 311 km2 natural
45 Moosehead Lake Maine 117 sq mi 303 km2 natural
46 Lake Strom Thurmond Georgia-South Carolina 111 sq mi 287 km2 man-made
47 Bear Lake Idaho-Utah 109 sq mi 282 km2 natural
48 Lake Guntersville Alabama 108 sq mi 280 km2 man-made
49 Lake St. Francis New York-Ontario-Quebec 105 sq mi 272 km2 man-made [16]
50 Wheeler Lake Alabama 105 sq mi 272 km2 man-made
51 Amistad Lake Coahuila-Texas 102 sq mi 264 km2 man-made
52 Klamath Lake Oregon 96 sq mi 249 km2 natural
53 Lake Moultrie South Carolina 94 sq mi 243 km2 man-made
54 Lake Winnibigoshish Minnesota 91 sq mi 236 km2 natural
55 Lake Barkley Kentucky-Tennessee 91 sq mi 236 km2 man-made
56 Lake Sharpe South Dakota 89 sq mi 231 km2 man-made
57 American Falls Reservoir Idaho 88 sq mi 228 km2 man-made
58 Lake Hartwell Georgia-South Carolina 87 sq mi 225 km2 man-made
59 Truman Reservoir Missouri 87 sq mi 225 km2 man-made
60 Lake of the Ozarks Missouri 86 sq mi 223 km2 man-made
61 Oneida Lake New York 80 sq mi 207 km2 natural
62 Lake Cumberland Kentucky 79 sq mi 205 km2 man-made
63 Kerr Lake North Carolina-Virginia 78 sq mi 202 km2 man-made
64 Calcasieu Lake Louisiana 77 sq mi 199 km2 natural
65 Lake Murray South Carolina 75 sq mi 194 km2 man-made
66 Grand Lake o' the Cherokees Oklahoma 73 sq mi 189 km2 man-made
67 Lake Koocanusa British ColumbiaMontana 73 sq mi 189 km2 man-made
68 Lake Winnipesaukee New Hampshire 71 sq mi 184 km2 natural
69 Bull Shoals Lake Arkansas-Missouri 71 sq mi 184 km2 man-made
70 Walter F. George Lake Alabama-Georgia 71 sq mi 184 km2 man-made
71 Lake Martin Alabama 69 sq mi 179 km2 man-made
72 Clear Lake California 68 sq mi 176 km2 natural
73 Robert S. Kerr Lake Oklahoma 68 sq mi 176 km2 man-made
74 Seneca Lake New York 68 sq mi 176 km2 natural
75 Pickwick Lake Alabama-Mississippi-Tennessee 67 sq mi 174 km2 man-made
76 Table Rock Lake Arkansas-Missouri 67 sq mi 174 km2 man-made
77 Cayuga Lake New York 67 sq mi 174 km2 natural
78 Flaming Gorge Reservoir Utah-Wyoming 66 sq mi 171 km2 man-made
79 Lake Vermilion Minnesota 63 sq mi 163 km2 natural
80 Lake Ouachita Arkansas 63 sq mi 163 km2 man-made
81 Lake Mattamuskeet North Carolina 63 sq mi 163 km2 natural
82 Watts Bar Lake Tennessee 61 sq mi 158 km2 man-made
83 Lake Wallula Oregon-Washington 61 sq mi 158 km2 man-made
84 Lake Lanier Georgia 59 sq mi 153 km2 man-made
85 Lake Seminole Florida-Georgia 58 sq mi 150 km2 man-made
86 Lake Tawakoni Texas 57 sq mi 148 km2 man-made
87 Elephant Butte Lake New Mexico 57 sq mi 148 km2 man-made
88 Chickamauga Lake Tennessee 57 sq mi 148 km2 man-made
89 Grenada Lake Mississippi 55 sq mi 142 km2 man-made
90 Lake Kissimmee Florida 55 sq mi 142 km2 natural
91 Lake Dardanelle Arkansas 54 sq mi 140 km2 man-made
92 Norris Lake Tennessee 53 sq mi 137 km2 man-made
93 Canyon Ferry Lake Montana 53 sq mi 137 km2 man-made
94 Lake Chelan Washington 52 sq mi 135 km2 natural
95 Cedar Creek Lake Texas 51 sq mi 132 km2 man-made
96 Lake Norman North Carolina 51 sq mi 132 km2 man-made
97 Sardis Lake Mississippi 51 sq mi 132 km2 man-made
98 Walker Lake (Nevada) Nevada 50 sq mi 129 km2 natural
99 Lake McConaughy Nebraska 56 sq mi 145 km2 man-made
100 Lake George New York 56 sq mi 145 km2 natural

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ One of the Great Lakes; considered the largest lake in the United States by the National Atlas of the United States.
  2. ^ Although it forms one a single hydrological unit with Lake Michigan (their surfaces are at the same elevation and the water flows in either direction in the channel separating them), they are generally considered distinct lakes, and Lake Michigan is generally considered the largest lake entirely within the United States, as Lake Huron and Lake Superior are binational (shared with Canada).
  3. ^ One of the Great Lakes.
  4. ^ One of the Great Lakes.
  5. ^ One of the Great Lakes.
  6. ^ If Lake Michigan and Lake Huron are considered the same lake, the largest lake entirely within the United States. Also the largest salt lake in the United States.
  7. ^ Largest man-made lake (reservoir) by surface area in the United States.
  8. ^ Largest lake in the South
  9. ^ Often considered an estuary rather than a lake
  10. ^ includes both Upper and Lower Red Lake
  11. ^ highly variable in area
  12. ^ The area of Devils Lake was taken from the summer 2011 record peak of 1,454.4 ft (443.3 m) MSL. Devils Lake has experienced severe flooding and has risen more than 31 feet (9.4 m) since 1993. Area has increased by 4 times.
  13. ^ Devils Lake Elevation-Volume Table
  14. ^ USGS Devils Lake Flood History
  15. ^ National Weather Service Advanced Hydrologic Prediction Service (NWS AHPS) for Devils Lake at Creel Bay
  16. ^ Part of St. Lawrence Seaway

See also[edit]

External links[edit]