List of people of the Salem witch trials
This is a list of people associated with the Salem witch trials, a series of hearings and prosecutions of people accused of witchcraft in colonial Massachusetts between February 1692 and May 1693. The trials resulted in the executions of twenty people, most of them women.
Surnames in parentheses preceded by "née" indicate birth family maiden names (if known) of married women, who upon marriage generally took their husbands' surnames. Due to the low population of the Massachusetts North Shore at the time of the trials, a significant percentage of local residents were related to other local residents through descent or by marriage. Many of the witchcraft accusations were driven at least in part by acrimonious relations between the families of the plaintiffs and defendants. Unless otherwise specified, dates provided in this list use Julian-dated month and day but New Style-enumerated year (i.e., years begin on January 1 and end on December 31, in the modern style).
- 1 Accusers
- 2 Convicted
- 3 Not found guilty or otherwise survived the trial period
- 4 Not tried
- 5 Court personnel
- 6 Public figures
- 7 References
- 8 External links
- Elizabeth Booth
- Elizabeth Hubbard – servant of Dr William Griggs, local physician
- Mercy Lewis – servant of Thomas Putnam; former servant of George Burroughs
- Elizabeth "Betty" Parris – daughter of the Rev. Samuel Parris
- Ann Putnam, Jr. – daughter of Thomas Putnam and Ann Putnam, Sr.
- Gavin Storch
- Abigail Williams – cousin of Betty Parris
- John Earls (son of Parker Earls)
Other accusers (including accused witches who "confessed")
Physician who diagnosed "bewitchment"
Convicted and executed
- Bridget Bishop (née Playfer; executed June 10, 1692)
- Rebecca Nurse (née Towne; July 19, 1692)
- Sarah Good (formerly Poole, née Solart; July 19, 1692)
- Elizabeth Howe (née Jackson; July 19, 1692)
- Susannah Martin (née North; July 19, 1692)
- Sarah Wildes (née Averill; July 19, 1692)
- George Burroughs (August 19, 1692)
- George Jacobs, Sr. (August 19, 1692)
- Martha Carrier (née Allen; August 19, 1692)
- John Proctor (August 19, 1692)
- John Willard (August 19, 1692)
- Martha Corey (September 22, 1692; wife of Giles Corey)
- Mary Eastey (née Towne; September 22, 1692)
- Mary Parker (née Ayer; September 22, 1692)
- Alice Parker (September 22, 1692)
- Ann Pudeator (September 22, 1692)
- Wilmot Redd (September 22, 1692)
- Margaret Scott (September 22, 1692)
- Samuel Wardwell, Sr. (September 22, 1692)
Convicted and died in prison
- Ann Foster (née Alcock) – died in custody in December 1692
Convicted but escaped
Convicted and pardoned
- Abigail Faulkner, Sr. (née Dane), who was pregnant
- Dorcas Hoar, "confessed"
- Elizabeth Proctor (née Bassett), who was pregnant
- Sarah Wardwell, "confessed"
Pled guilty and pardoned
- Mary Lacey Sr. (née Foster) – daughter of Ann Foster
Not found guilty or otherwise survived the trial period
Refused to plead
Died in custody
- Lydia Dustin – found not guilty but died in custody
Unindicted or acquitted
Released on bond
- John Alden, Jr.
- William Barker, Sr.
- Mary (née Hollingsworth) and Philip (or Phillip) English (married couple)
- Edward Farrington
Born in prison
- Mercy, daughter of Sarah Good, born and died in prison some time prior to her mother's execution.
Died in prison
- Lydia Dustin
- Ann Foster (née Alcock)
- Mercy, infant daughter of Sarah Good
- Sarah Osborne (née Warren) — died in prison (May 10, 1692) before she could be tried
- Roger Toothaker – died before trial (June 16, 1692) probably due to torture or maltreatment
Released from prison after the Governor ended the Witch Trials
- Mary Black, slave who was arrested and indicted but never went to trial
- Sarah Rist (née Clarke) - died May 31, 1698, Reading, Middlesex County, Massachusetts
Indicted by grand jury
- Stephen Johnson
- William Barker, Sr.
- Edward Farrington (escaped)
- Mary Green (escaped)
- Elizabeth Hutchinson Hart (released after 7 months in jail after her son Thomas filed petitions on her behalf)
- John Porter Sr.
- Israel Porter
- William Proctor
- Sarah Cloyce (née Towne) -- sister of Rebecca Nurse and Mary Eastey
- Thomas Farrer, Sr. (or Farrar) – spent 7 months in Boston jail before being released[why?]
Evaded arrest or escaped
- Daniel Andrew
- George Jacobs, Jr.
Named, but no arrest warrant issued
- Anne Bradstreet (née Wood)
- Dudley Bradstreet
- John Bradstreet
- Rev. John Busse (or Buss) – minister in Wells, Maine
- Rev. Francis Dane – minister in Andover, Massachusetts
- Sarah Hale (née Noyes) – wife of Rev. John Hale, minister in Beverly, Massachusetts
- James Howe (or How) – husband of Elizabeth Howe (or How)
- Lady Mary Phips (née Spencer) – wife of Massachusetts Governor Sir William Phips
- Sarah Swift (née Clapp)
- Margaret Sheaf Thacher (née Webb) – Jonathan Corwin's mother-in-law
- William Stoughton, Chief Magistrate
- John Richards
- Nathaniel Saltonstall (resigned from the court over the nature of the proceedings)
- Waitstill Winthrop
- Bartholomew Gedney
- Samuel Sewall
- John Hathorne
- Jonathan Corwin
- Peter Sergeant
Trial of Rebecca Nurse
- Captain Thomas Fisk, Sr., jury foreman
- Gavin Storch
- John Dane
- Andrew Eliot
- Joseph Evelith
- Captain Thomas Fisk, Jr.
- William Fisk
- Henry Herrick, Jr.
- John Peabody
- Thomas Pearly, Sr.
- Thomas Perkins
- John Hale, of Beverly, Massachusetts
- Cotton Mather, of Boston, Massachusetts
- Increase Mather, of Boston, Massachusetts
- Nicholas Noyes, of Salem
- Samuel Parris, of Salem Village – father of Betty Parris and uncle of Abigail Williams
- Samuel Willard, of Groton, and Boston (both Massachusetts)
- Suffolk Court Records Case No. 2668, p. 149, "Petition of Thomas Hart"
- Massachusetts Archives Collections, Governor's Council Executive Records, Vol. 2, 1692, pages 176–177. Certified copy from the original records at Her Majestie's State Paper Office, London, UK, September 16, 1846.
- Records of the Massachusetts Supreme Court of Judicature, 1692/3, Page 1. Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court, Judicial Archives