List of rotorcraft used in World War II

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Autogyros and helicopters were used during World War II. List includes prototypes.


Some types in use of Luftwaffe and Kriegsmarine

  • Focke-Wulf Fw C.30A - licence-built Cierva C.30A (general purpose autogyro)
  • Focke-Wulf Fw 186 (liaison autogyro, single example built before cancelled)
  • Focke-Wulf Autogyro-helicopter (experimental prototype)
  • Focke-Wulf Fw 61 - experimental helicopter, first flew 1936
  • Focke Achgelis Fa 330 "Bachstelze" (Autogyro-glider/observation vehicle)
  • Focke Achgelis Fa 266 "Hornisse" (civil transport helicopter), re-designated Fa 223 in 1939 before the first prototype flew.
  • Focke-Achgelis Fa 223 "Drache" - military transport helicopter, saw limited use for rescue
  • Focke-Achgelis Fa 225 - single-seat rotary wing glider, one built
  • Focke Achgelis Fa 284 (flying crane/heavy transport helicopter) prototype designed but not completed
  • Flettner Fl 184 (two-seat reconnaissance/ anti-submarine autogyro) One built and crashed in 1936 before project cancelled.
  • Flettner Fl 185 Heligyro (helicopter-autogyro)
  • Flettner Fl 265 (twin rotor liaison-observation helicopter, pioneer of synchropter configuration)
  • Flettner Fl 282A/B "Kolibri" (reconnaissance synchropter)
  • Flettner Fl 339 (reconnaissance helicopter)
  • Nagler-Hafner RI Revoplane (experimental helicopter)
  • Nagler-Hafner RII Revoplane (single-place helicopter)
  • Nagler-Hafner Heliogyro (Autogyro-helicopter)
  • Nagler-Rolz RI (single-place helicopter)
  • Nagler-Rolz RII (single-place helicopter)
  • Nagler-Rolz NR 54 (one-man portable helicopter)
  • Nagler-Rolz Nr 55 (one-man portable helicopter)
  • Baumgartl "Heliofly" I (light Autogyro-glider)
  • Baumgartl "Heliofly" III-57 (two contra-rotating helicopter)
  • Baumgartl "Heliofly" III-59 (little and light disarmable helicopter)
  • Wiener Neustadter (Doblohff) WNF 342 (Tip-jet helicopter)
  • Weserflug P.1003/1 VTOL (vertical takeoff and landing) aircraft project
  • AEG (Schimdt) Electric-Tethered Helicopter (unmanned vehicle for raising radio antenna or manned aerial observation platform)

United States[edit]

In use by USAAF, US Navy and USCG

  • Kellet KD-1A (La Cierva C.30A) (general use Autogyro)
  • Sikorsky VS-300 (experimental helicopter)
  • Sikorsky R-4B "Hoverfly" (general helicopter)
  • Sikorsky YR-4B "Hoverfly" (ambulance/sea patrol helicopter)
  • Sikorsky R-6 (rescue/reconnaissance helicopter)
  • Sikorsky R-5A (rescue/reconnaissance helicopter)
  • Platt-LePage XR-1 (experimental helicopter)

Great Britain[edit]

In use by RAF and FAA

  • Avro 671 "Rota" Mk.1 (licence-built Cierva C.30A) (general purpose autogyro - used for radar station testing)
  • Cierva W.5 - 2-seater twin outrigger rotor helicopter, first flight 1938.
  • Cierva W.6 - twin rotor helicopter, flown in 1939
  • Cierva W.9 - jet efflux torque compensation design. Built in 1944 and flown in 1945.
  • Bristol "Heliogyro" RI/II (experimental helicopter)
  • Sikorsky "Hoverfly" I - service name for Sikorsky R-4 used at RAF Helicopter Training School from 1945
  • Hafner Rotabuggy (also known as "Malcolm Rotaplane" and "M.L. 10/42 Flying Jeep") - rotary wing glider attachment for landing jeeps. Tested in 1944 but introduction of vehicle-carrying gliders led to cancellation of project.
  • Hafner Rotachute - one-man rotor-kite for landing assault troops. Not adopted but used instead for testing in support of Rotabuggy project


In use for RCAF

  • Avro 671 "Rota" Mk.1 (La Cierva C.30A) (general purpose Autogyro)
  • Sikorsky R-4B "Hoverfly" (general purpose helicopter)

Soviet Union[edit]

In use for Red Army and V-VS

  • TsAGI (Kamov) A-7/7bis (Liaison and Observation Autogyro)


In use by Japanese Army/Navy Air Service