List of shipwrecks in 1871
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The list of shipwrecks in 1871 includes some ships sunk, foundered, grounded, or otherwise lost during 1871.
|Theodore Engels||Belgium||Driven ashore at Maurities[where?] during a gale, later refloated and returned to service.|
|Sarah||United Kingdom||The brig was wrecked in the North Sea off Margate, Kent, England, in a storm.|
|RNLB Robert Whitworth and 28 other ships|| RNLI
|Twenty-eight ships were wrecked in Bridlington Bay, Yorkshire, England, during the Great Gale of 1871. Over 50 sailors were drowned in the calamity, despite rescue efforts by the townspeople. The local lifeboat, RNLB Robert Whitworth ( Royal National Lifeboat Institution), also was lost with six of her nine crew.|
|Daring||United Kingdom||The full-rigged ship was driven ashore and wrecked at Pwlldu Bay, Glamorgan, Wales, with the loss of all six crew. She was on a voyage from Swansea to Cardiff, Wales.|
|Collingwood||United Kingdom||The ship was driven ashore and wrecked at Lyme Regis, Dorset, England.|
|Cornish Diamond||United Kingdom||The schooner was wrecked on the Mixon Shoal in the Bristol Channel with the loss of two of her crew.|
|HMS Megaera||Royal Navy||After springing a leak four days earlier during a voyage from South Africa to Australia, the troopship was beached at Île Saint-Paul in the Indian Ocean. She was declared a total loss.|
|Kingfisher||United States||The clipper sprang a leak during a voyage from San Francisco, California, to New York City. In distress, she put into port at Montevideo, Uruguay, where she was surveyed and condemned. However, she was sold locally in November 1871, and subsequently was repaired and returned to service as Jaime Ciblis ( Uruguay).|
|Knight Errant||United Kingdom||The full-rigged ship broke up in a heavy gale off Tierra del Fuego. The full-rigged cargo ship Sam Cearns ( United Kingdom) rescued 24 of her crew; five crewman from the two ships combined died during the rescue.|
|Sam Cearns||United Kingdom||The full-rigged cargo ship was wrecked off Tierra del Fuego in a heavy gale. All 60 people on board - 36 crew member from Sam Cairns and 24 survivors from the full-rigged ship Knight Errant ( United Kingdom), which had foundered on 22 June – reached shore safely.|
|Westfield||United States||Staten Island Ferry, a steamboat, suffered a boiler explosion while moored at her slip at South Ferry on Manhattan in New York City. The explosion killed 85 people and injured hundreds of others.|
|Golden Fleece||United States||After arriving at Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada, on 6 July 1871, with a fire in her forward hold that her crew had discovered on 4 July, the clipper was scuttled at Tobin′s Wharf in Halifax Harbour to extinguish it. After the 20 feet (6.1 meters) of water in her hold was pumped out, the fire broke again, but was extinguished again by spraying water into the hold. The ship was refloated, repaired, and returned to service.|
|YC-6||Royal Navy||The yard craft – formerly the Clown-class gunboat HMS Clown – was lost in a typhoon at Hong Kong.|
|YC-7||Royal Navy||The yard craft – formerly the Albacore-class gunboat HMS Forester – was lost in a typhoon at Hong Kong.|
|Bouvet||French Navy||The sloop-of-war was wrecked near Haiti.|
|33 whaling ships||All United States||Whaling Disaster of 1871: The barks Awashonks, Carlotta, Concordia, Elizabeth Swift, Emily Morgan, Eugenia, Fanny, George, George Howland, Henry Taber, J. D. Thompson, Massachusetts, Minerva, Monticello, Navy, Oliver Crocker, Paiea (or Paia), Roman, Seneca, and Thomas Dickason, the brigs Comet, Kohola, and Victoria, and the full-rigged ships Contest, Champion, Florida, Gay Head, John Wells, Julian, Mary, Reindeer, and William Rotch all were trapped in pack ice in the Chukchi Sea in a line about 60 miles (97 km) south of Point Franklin, Territory of Alaska. All 1,219 people aboard the ships were rescued by seven whaling ships – Europa, Arctic, Progress, Lagoda, Daniel Webster, Midas, and Chance (all United States) – that had not become trapped. Minerva was discovered intact in 1872 and returned to service, but the other ships were crushed in the ice, sank, or were stripped of wood or burned by the local Inupiat people.|
|Robert Cottle||United Kingdom||The schooner ran aground off Southwold, Suffolk and was wrecked with the loss of three of her six crew.|
|Hattie C. Besse||United States||The four-masted sailing ship was stranded on the coast of the Washington Territory, 20 miles (37 km) south of Cape Flattery.|
|Emperor||United Kingdom||The barque was wrecked upon St. Paul Island, Nova Scotia.|
|Friends||United Kingdom||The ship was driven ashore at Southwold, Suffolk. Her crew were rescued. She was on a voyage from Goole, Yorkshire to Southwold.|
|USS Chattanooga||United States Navy||The decommissioned screw frigate was sunk by drifting ice at her moorings at League Island in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Her wreck was sold in January 1872.|
|Kanrin Maru||Imperial Japanese Navy||The screw corvette was wrecked in a typhoon at Esashi, Hokkaido, Japan.|
|Snaefell||Isle of Man||The paddle steamer ran aground while operating on the Douglas, Isle of Man–Liverpool, England, route. She was refloated, repaired, and returned to service.|
- "Belgian Merchant P-Z" (PDF). Belgische Koopvaardij. Retrieved 1 December 2010.[permanent dead link]
- Lane, Anthony (2009). Shipwrecks of Kent. Stroud: The History Press. p. 89. ISBN 978-0-7524-1720-2.
- Wilson, Mike (2002), The Great Gale of 1871, Harbour Heritage Museum
- Tovey, Ron. "A Chronology of Bristol Channel Shipwrecks" (PDF). Swansea Docks. Archived from the original (PDF) on 22 December 2014. Retrieved 20 December 2014.
- "Historical List of Shipwrecks at Chesil Beach & from Bridport to Lyme Regis". Burton Bradstock Online. Retrieved 27 December 2014.
- Chesneau, Roger, and Eugene M. Kolesnik, Conway′s All the World′s Fighting Ships, 1860-1905, New York: Mayflower Books, 1979, ISBN 0-8317-0302-4, p. 321.].
- Bottomley, Alan Farquar. "Shipwrecks at or near Walberswick from 1848 - 1874" (PDF). Suffolk Records Society. Retrieved 26 December 2014.
|Ship events in 1871|