Lupinus luteus

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Lupinus luteus
Illustration Lupinus luteus1.jpg
Scientific classification
L. luteus
Binomial name
Lupinus luteus
Lupinus luteus - MHNT

Lupinus luteus is known as annual yellow-lupin,[2] European yellow lupin or yellow lupin. It is native to the Mediterranean region of Southern Europe.[3] It occurs on mild sandy and volcanic soils in mining belts. As a wild plant, it is widespread over the coastal area in the western part of the Iberian Peninsula, Morocco, Tunisia, and Algeria, on the islands of Corsica, Sardinia and Sicily and in Southern Italy. It is most likely that in Israel and Lebanon it has turned wild. Cultivated in Northern Europe and the CIS (Belarus and Ukraine) as well as, on a smaller scale, in Western Australia and South Africa. Having previously been cultivated in southern France and on Madeira, it has turned wild there. Using combinations of such characters as the colour of the corolla, the carina’s edge, vegetative organs and seeds, 18 varieties, 4 subvarieties and 6 forms have been identified.[4] The plant's yellow seeds, known as lupin beans, were once a common food of the Mediterranean basin and Latin America. Today they are primarily eaten as a pickled snack food.


Yellow lupin is mainly cultivated to feed livestock and poultry, and is also used as an ornamental plant.[5]


  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ "BSBI List 2007". Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland. Archived from the original (xls) on 2015-01-25. Retrieved 2014-10-17. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  3. ^ PFAF . accessed 10.21.2011
  4. ^ [2] Lupinus luteus L. (Yellow lupin)
  5. ^ Heuzé V., Thiollet H., Tran G., Lessire M., Lebas F., 2018. Yellow lupin (Lupinus luteus) seeds. Feedipedia, a programme by INRA, CIRAD, AFZ and FAO.
  • Kurlovich B.S. 2002. Lupins. Geography, classification, genetic resources and breeding, St. Petersburg, “Intan”, 468p.
  • Gladstones, J.S. 1998. Distribution, Origin, Taxonomy, History and Importance. In: J.S. Gladstones et al. (eds.), Lupin as Crop Plants. Biology, Production and Utilization, 1-39.

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