Mabopane, Gauteng

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Mabopane
Mabopane is located in Gauteng
Mabopane
Mabopane
Mabopane is located in South Africa
Mabopane
Mabopane
Coordinates: 25°30′0″S 28°4′48″E / 25.50000°S 28.08000°E / -25.50000; 28.08000Coordinates: 25°30′0″S 28°4′48″E / 25.50000°S 28.08000°E / -25.50000; 28.08000
CountrySouth Africa
ProvinceGauteng
MunicipalityCity of Tshwane
Established1972
Area
 • Total42.20 km2 (16.29 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)[1]
 • Total110,972
 • Density2,600/km2 (6,800/sq mi)
Racial makeup (2011)
 • Black African99.2%
 • Coloured0.4%
 • Indian/Asian0.1%
 • White0.1%
 • Other0.2%
First languages (2011)
 • Tswana58.8%
 • Northern Sotho9.9%
 • Tsonga8.5%
 • Zulu5.6%
 • Other17.2%
Time zoneUTC+2 (SAST)
Postal code (street)
0190
PO box
0190
Area code012

Mabopane is a residential suburb in South Africa. It is situated in the Tshwane Metropolitan Municipality, to the north of Pretoria in Gauteng.

Mabopane is divided into the following blocks:

  • Mabopane Block A (Boekenhout)
  • Mabopane Block B
  • Mabopane Block C
  • Mabopane Block D
  • Mabopane Block E
  • Mabopane Block EW
  • Mabopane Block X
  • Mabopane Block U
  • Mabopane UX
  • Lebanon
  • Beirut

History[edit]

Proclamation[edit]

Mabopane was proclaimed in 1959 as a black-only residential settlement by the then Transvaal administration. Before its proclamation, the area was under the administration of Transvaal government little more than grazing lands with small communities in Boekenhoutfontein (which later became Block A), Winterveld and Hebron. The initial residents of Boekenhoutfontein were victims of forced removals from Wallmansthal, Lady Selborne, Boekenhoutkloof and other farm areas around Pretoria. With the financing coming from the South African government the first blockhouses were constructed similarly to those found in Soweto, beginning with Block A which had two-roomed houses, Block B, Block C, Block D and Block E. The areas within Mabopane were planned according to the class of its citizens; for example Block D (with many mansions which housed the politically connected) in comparison to Block E (blockhouses).

Bophuthatswana[edit]

Mabopane was incorporated into the bantustan of Bophuthatswana from 1977 to 1994. Parts of Mabopane, Blocks F, G and H became Soshanguve to house the Non-Tswana residents of Mabopane during the Bantustan rule. Many institutions and projects were undertaken under the Presidency of Lucas Mangope of Bophutatswana this included a training college - the ODI Manpower Learning Centre, ODI hospital, housing projects in areas today known as Beirut and Lebanon, ODI prison in Block U, new high schools in Dr. Moreosele High School in Block U and the new Ngaka Maseko High School was moved from Block C to Lebanon, the ODI stadium near what used to be Sun International's Morula Casino and a highway between Mabopane and Ga-Rankuwa. These are some of the public works service delivery projects Mangope instituted to improve the lives of the people of Mabopane, the quality of service delivery unsurpassed since the dawn of the new South Africa. The residents of Soshanguve who were not Tswana speaking refused to be incorporated into Bophuthatswana and fought to remain under Pretoria. They identified with the struggles of those living in Atteridgeville and Mamelodi. The railway line that ran from Mabopane train station across the township served as a dividing line between Soshanguve and Mabopane and later became a borderline between Pretoria and Bophuthatswana. The 1990s saw the beginning of the decline of Mabopane. In an effort to restructure the municipalities to be inclusive the new government also sidelined those institutions they believed symbolized Mangope's complicity with the Apartheid government, with divestment from the ODI Stadium which was now nicknamed "Stadium sa Mangope" (meaning the stadium that belongs to Lucas Mangope) denoting negative sentiment towards the structure. The schools were no longer properly maintained as calls for resources to be equally disbursed amongst the rest of the poorly resourced schools.

In the Apartheid days Mabopane was an active base for PAC and ANC members who mobilized workers against the government and playing the South African government against the Bophuthatswana Administration. The times were tough particularly in the mid 1980s as the local authority was holding on to power. Mabopane Square used to be the gathering ground for activists and communists protesting against the government. School riots were plentiful in the 1976 student uprising. Several township administration halls were burnt and the bus depot was vandalized.

In as much as Mabopane was not highly noticed during the apartheid era, the churches in Boekenhout served a great purpose in ensuring that people had safe spaces to hold their meetings without raising suspicion to the security police.

Post-Apartheid[edit]

With democracy on its way in the early 1990s the face of Mabopane started to change. The old authorities were replaced with new leaders in what was then the Town of Mabopane. Hon. Lehobye was the first mayor along with Hon. Molema deputy mayor who was elected to administer the town. In the advent of the new millennium, Mabopane has seen new growth and repairs and maintenance of its infrastructure.

Geography[edit]

The climate is subtropical.

Demographics[edit]

Almost all of Mabopane's residents are black, with a few Somali traders and shopkeepers. The age groups in the township are generally in line with the country's age groups, with teenagers as the largest age group.

The majority of residents are of the Christian faith with different nominally sects like the ZCC, Lutheran, Twelve apostles and John Wesley. Non-Christian faiths in the minority include Islam. Mabopane like most townships in South Africa has a wide range of income groups, the poorest earn between US$100-$US300 of which comes mostly from State social grants, the second group middle-class earnings is generally between US$400-US$1400. There is a definite class distinction within this group. The upper class in the township as the minority enjoys low property value taxes and rates they income bracket does exceed US$5000 along with large equity in assets. The upper class is comparable to the middle class in any developed country.

Most residents in the township rely on public transport to commute and this is through rail (Mabopane Station), bus and taxi. The trains usually take working residents to the main industrial area's in Pretoria, whilst the taxi is used for local travel (within Mabopane, Soshanguve, Ga-Rankuwa and Hebron), it costs about US$0.70 for a trip that can span 8 miles. Transport to the main city is through the larger taxis which carry 14-22 passengers. The taxis are available from 04:00 21:00 and will cost US$2 to commute about 27 miles to town. Most taxis are efficient, clean and the drivers will show courtesy to their passengers. About 20% of citizens own cars.

The languages in Mabopane are mostly from the Bantu origins. The overwhelming majority of residents understand and speak Tswana.

Local government[edit]

Mabopane falls under the City of Tshwane municipality (Pretoria) in Gauteng province.

Some of the counselors serving the district include struggle heroes MMC S. Nkhwashu, MMC D Lehobye, Couns. J Letebele and Couns. J Sindane who is the current counselor. Mabopane has good representation at Munitoria through the counselors.

The local government City of Tshwane manages the area through agencies such as Sandspruit Water Works and Eskom, locally it operates from Boekenhout. Residents enjoy tax rebates on properties, discounted electricity and water services. The local government has put in an effort into cleaning and maintaining Mabopane Square and its surrounding gardens. The local government, however, is slow in improving the infrastructure of Mabopane. Many roads remain untarred, manholes are open and a lack of security exists. Tshwane Metropolitan Police Department is expected to open up in 2011/2012 on Lucas Mangope street in Block U.

Education[edit]

Primary and High Schools in Mabopane[edit]

Soshangaan Primary School, Mabopane High School, Patrick Moloto Primary School, Marula Primary School, Ikeleng Primary School, Ditshaba Primary, Ngaka Maseko High School, Pelotona High School, DA Mokoma High School, Reinotswe Special School, Nong Primary School, Rekopantswe Primary School, Botsalo Primary School, Morula View Primary School, Dr AT Moreosele High School, Retlelepele Primary School, Letlotlo High School, Edwin Mlausi Primary School, Sun Valley Primary School and many more.

Higher education[edit]

There is only one community college, Tshwane South College previously known as MANPOWER. It offers a medium variety of courses, mainly rudimentary and basic and technical skills subjects. There is no option to receive any degree but a national certificate accredited by Umalusi. There is a large failure rate at this campus in comparison to other colleges.

There are two F.E.T. (Further Education Training) institutions in Mabopane offering transferring of skills mainly to unemployed residents, the elderly and women.

Marketplaces and Shopping Malls[edit]

Central City Shopping Center is the largest shopping center in Mabopane, Morula View shopping complex, Mabopane Square, and Mabopane Online, the first online-based marketplace in the township.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Main Place Mabopane". Census 2011.