Macrohon, Southern Leyte
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|Municipality of Macrohon|
Parish Church of St. Michael the Archangel in Brgy. San Vicente
Map of Southern Leyte with Macrohon highlighted
|Region||Eastern Visayas (Region VIII)|
|Founded||October 31, 1860|
|Barangays||30 (see Barangays)|
|• Type||Sangguniang Bayan|
|• Mayor||Fe Gaviola-Edillo|
|• Vice Mayor||Alan Jose Kuizon Aroy|
|• Electorate||16,351 voters (2016)|
|• Total||126.39 km2 (48.80 sq mi)|
|Population (2015 census)|
|• Density||210/km2 (540/sq mi)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC+8)|
|IDD : area code||+63 (0)53|
|Climate type||tropical rainforest climate|
|Income class||4th municipal income class|
The Municipality of Macrohon has a total land area of 12,639.47 hectares (31,232.8 acres). Of this area, 12,338.08 hectares or 97.61% is occupied by the 27 barangays, with Cambaro having the biggest area. About 301.39 hectares (2.38%) is occupied by the Poblacion, composed of three barangays namely Sto. Rosario, San Vicente (Poblacion) and Sta. Cruz. Rivers and creeks cross Macrohon; the most prominent ones are the Amparo River and Villa Jacinta River. Along the seacoast are coral reef and sand beaches.
The town has varying contour elevations. The western portion along the seacoast comprises a level land. The rest of the land area has varying elevations ranging from gently sloping areas, land sloping in one general direction to steeply undulating and rolling land sloping in many directions.
Macrohon's northern portion is bounded by the City of Maasin, the Municipality of Padre Burgos borders the southern portion and the Municipality of Malitbog borders the eastern portion and faces Mindanao Sea on the west. The town center is 13 kilometres (8.1 mi) away from Maasin City, which is the capital of Southern Leyte; and is 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) away from the town of Padre Burgos.
Macrohon is politically subdivided into 30 barangays.
- Bagong Silang
- Lower Villa Jacinta
- San Isidro
- San Joaquin
- San Roque
- San Vicente (Poblacion)
- San Vicente (Upper San Roque)
- Santa Cruz (Poblacion)
- Santo Niño
- Santo Rosario (Poblacion)
- Upper Ichon (Lumbang)
- Upper Villa Jacinta
Macrohon since 1895, was named in memory of Spanish Governor-General Manuel MacCrohon, of Irish descent. It was weaned from the jurisdiction of Maasin in 1904. The town of Macrohon holds the distinction of having a son who led the resistance in Leyte and prepared the landing of the Liberation Forces which earned him high posts after the war and posthumous promotion by President Fidel V. Ramos to Brigadier General Ruperto K. Kangleon. Back to ancient times, after the United States took over the Philippines from Spain,
Macrohon became a municipality. However, in 1906, it was reverted as a barrio. When Salvador Demeterio was elected a delegate to the First National Assembly, he made Macrohon a separate municipality in 1907. Demeterio was also elected as governor of Leyte and the Capitol Building of Tacloban was built during his term. A historic edifice that during the naval pre- invasion bombardment, Ruperto K. Kangleon persuaded Gen. Douglas MacArthur on board the USS Nashville to desist the inclusion of Tacloban as target to preserve the capitol building. Thus, Macrohon earned a unique distinction of having great leaders deserving hallowed place in history.
The town has a land area of 120 hectares. Its coastline has many mangroves, resort beaches and springs. A tiny islet in barrio Molopolo, a vacation home of its owner, continue to attract visitors and the beaches and springs inveigle bathers.The barrios of Aguinaldo (since 1870, named in memory of the 1st Filipino Revolutionary leader, Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo); Amparo (in memory of its Patron Saint and river); Asuncion; Bag-ong Silang; Buscayan, Cambaro, Canlusay, Flordeliz (was named barrio Katung, a name of a revolutionary commander); Guadalupe; Ichon (named in memory of Emilio Ichon, secretary to the Leyte revolutionary commander); Ilihan, Laray; Mabini; Mohon; Molopolo ( barrio since 1845, a name from the abundant mangrove trees along the coast); Rizal ( a barrio since 1858; it was known then as Baliw, it was changed to Rizal to honor the National Filipino Hero and to remind the people of Macrohon the Philippines' struggle for freedom); San Joaquin ( a barrio since 1896, known then as Luuk); San Roque ( a barrio since 1873, known as Panagsaan); San Vicente (Poblacion); San Vicente (Upper); Sta. Cruz; Sto. Niño; Sto. Rosario; Sindangan; Lower and Upper Villa Jacinta and Upper Ichon (also known as Lumbang). These baranggays constitutes the political units of the town of Macrohon.
Distinguished luminaries from Macrohon, who earned renown, are the following: WWII Resistance Hero, Gen. Ruperto K. Kangleon, also assigned as Secretary of National Defense and was also elected as senator; Rep. Ciriaco K. Kangleon and Leyte Governor Salvador Demeterio. Archbishop Mariano G. Gaviola; former Court of Appeals Presiding Justice Ramon G. Gaviola, Jr.;and former Secretary of Education, Culture and Sports Ricardo Gloria, trace their roots from Macrohon. Their exemplary lives inspired others as to append the honor to Macrohon as the fountainhead of successful sons.
1901 to present
The Municipal Government of Macrohon was organized in 1901 headed by Mr. Felomino Demeterio as the first appointed president. The town was composed only of the following barrios: "Nipaon" now Ichon, "Hingatigan" now Amparo, "Maypague" now Aguinaldo, "Catong" now Flordeliz and "Panasawa" now San Roque.
In 1903 a formal grade school was opened which was the most important activity during the period. In this year Macrohon was reduced to a barrio of Maasin excluding Barrio San Roque, which was part of Malitbog. The new governor-general in accordance with the general reorganization plan instituted this in order to economize government expenditures by fusing small towns and provinces. When Mr. Bautista Kuizon became a member of the Maasin Municipal Council representing Macrohon, he noticed that the administration neglected Macrohon because of its distance from the poblacion. Salvador Demeterio brought a petition signed by only around twenty people who know how to read and write to the governor general. They changed the name of the town to Smith with the hope of getting favorable action from Governor Smith. But it was stipulated in the executive order approving the petition to retain the old name Macrohon.
The executive order was implemented in 1907. Capitan Gerardo Kuizon was appointed municipal president.
The next head of the municipality was the first elected municipal president, Mr. Bautista Kuizon. His knowledge on the democratic processes during the student days in Manila made him the most competent person to lay down the foundation of a real democratic government in the municipality. He implemented the separation of power between the church and state reminiscent of the Spanish Regime. He strictly practiced equally under the law and demonstrated it by not averting a fine meted on his own mother who happened to break a provision of an ordinance. He also succeeded to provide religious toleration in the town by extending protection to the propagator of new faiths such as the Protestants and the Aglipayan. By this, he got the ire of the parish priest and the church leaders, but he was able to regain their friendship and cooperation. Mr. Kuizon stayed in the office a little more than a year. He moved out to Mindanao and left the municipality to his vice, Mr. Ponciano Tallo.
During the elections in 1912, Mr. Filomeno Demeterio was elected Municipal President of Macrohon. Under his leadership the town was reconstructed after it was hit by the most devastating typhoon in the town’s history. He served two terms from 1913-1919. The period covering the First World War was a period of progress in Macrohon. The price of abaca was high and almost all vacant lots caused by the typhoon of 1912 were planted with abaca. A native son veteran Federico Gaviola, who served under the United States Army in France, represented the town at the war front. Mr. Trinidad Demeterio was elected to succeed his elder brother. He served for three consecutive terms from 1919 to 1927.
The former Chief of Police, Mr. Felixberto Kuizon, was elected municipal president in 1929 and served the term from 1928 to 1930. Atty. Prisco Bitos occupied the office of the municipal president for two terms from 1931 to 1936. In his incumbency another cooperative marketing association was organized and sponsored by municipal government. It was only short-lived, but during its existence the association affected better price of abaca and copra. During the commonwealth government Mr. Tereso Kangleon became the first Municipal Mayor, starting 1936. He was serving his second term when the war broke out. When he fled in 1942, Mr. Tito Gloria Sr., his vice took over and was the one who met the Japanese occupation army to accept the Japanese sovereignty.
In 1943, Mr. Tito Gloria, Sr. affiliated himself with the free Leyte government sponsored by the guerillas. The people chose Mr. Vicente Evarretta as caretaker of the town under the Japanese sponsored Independence.
When the Second World War ended the elected mayor resumed his unfinished term. Mr. Tereso Kangleon was reelected for another term. He did not serve his term but rather gave the office to his vice mayor, Mr. Rafael Joven. He reconstructed the town, its public buildings, plazas and bridges. Again he was reelected in the next election from 1952 to 1955.
Mr. Conrado Compendio was elected and served as municipal mayor for two terms from 1956 to 1963 where the municipal hall was constructed and completed. In 1957, three new barrios were created:
- Ilihan - composed of the sitios of Ilihan Proper, Camalig, Sindangan, Gawisan, Guinabonan, Lunang, Mabanga and Danao
- Villa Jacinta - composed of the sitios of Upper Villa Jacinta Proper, Peng-on, Mahayahay, Canodto, Laray, Luan, Santa Rosa and Camangahan
- Lower Villa Jacinta - composed of the sitios of Lower Villa Jacinta Proper, Suba, Central, Babayon, Muldes, Boayahan and Pancil.
Mayor Leonor O. Galdo, M.D. was installed into office by the election of 1963. He was reelected for a second term in 1967 until 1971. He was reelected again for two successive terms from 1988-1995. Dr. Caridad S. Evarretta was elected as mayor from 1995-1998. Mayor Fe Gaviola-Edillo was elected as mayor for three terms from 1998-2007.
Her vice mayor, Manuel Boldo, was elected as mayor from 2007-2010.
Fe Gaviola-Edillo won again as mayor in 2010.
|Population census of Macrohon|
|Source: Philippine Statistics Authority |
Majority of the population is Roman Catholic, while others belong to UCCP, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints (Mormons), Seventh-Day Adventists, Iglesia ni Cristo, and Aglipayan Church, Hosanna Assembly of God, Assembly of God, among others.
Macrohon, under the Roman Catholic Diocese of Maasin, is divided into three parishes,all under the Holy Child Vicariate of Malitbog, namely:
- Mary Mediatrix of All Grace Parish, Brgy. Ichon
- St. Michael the Archangel Parish, Brgy. San Vicente Poblacion
- San Roque Parish, Brgy. San Roque
There are eight (8) primary schools, eleven (11) elementary schools and four (4) secondary schools in the municipality of Macrohon. In the primary level, Cambaro Primary School with two (2) teachers of which one (1) is teaching Grades I & II and the other is teaching Grades III & IV. It is eight kilometers away from the highway and is not accessible by transportation. San Isidro Primary School is two and one-half (2½) kilometers away from the highway with two (2) teachers. One teacher teaching Grade I while the other is teaching Grades II & III. One can reach the place by riding on a single motorcycle but most inhabitants want to walk because the road is not well developed. Of the Primary schools only two (2) schools are complete namely: Molopolo Primary School and Aguinaldo Primary School. Both have four (4) teachers.The rest of the primary schools are along the highway.
Salvador Elementary School with seven (7) teachers is also eight (8) kilometers away from the highway and is not accessible by transportation. Ilihan Elementary School is four and one-half (4 ½) kilometers away from the highway with six (6) teachers . This is accessible by land transportation. Of the eleven (11) elementary schools only Mabini Elementary School with six (6) teachers is under the supervision and administration of a lead teacher with a sphere/cluster where it belongs. Four (4) elementary schools are under the supervision and administration of a principal, five (5), with teacher and two (2) with teacher in-charge.
In the Secondary level, two are private schools, one is a national vocational high school and two are public/national high schools. These are:
- Macrohon Institute (MACI), Inc. [Brgy. Sto. Rosario]
- MACI-Jose K. Demeterio Learning Foundation, Inc. (MACI-JKD/MACI Foundation/JKD) [Brgy. San Vicente (Poblacion)]
- Villa Jacinta National Vocational High School (VJNVHS) [Brgy. Lower Villa Jacinta]
- San Roque National High School (SRNHS) [Brgy. San Roque]
- Ichon National High School (INHS) [Brgy. Ichon]
Places of interest
- Fatima Hills, Brgy. Ichon
- Cambaro Caves, Brgy. Cambaro
- Macrohon Park and Plaza, Brgy. San Vicente (Poblacion)
- Amparaiso Beach Resort and Amparaiso Hotel, Brgy. Amparo
- Manaya Beach Resort, Brgy. Asuncion
- Seven Falls, Brgy. San Roque
- Lapyahan sa BEC, Brgy. San Vicente (Poblacion)
- Punta Beach Resort, Brgy. Flordeliz
- Southern Leyte Dive Resort, Brgy. San Roque
- Cristina White Beach Resort, Brgy. Ichon
- Tatay Ade Beach Resort, Brgy. Buscayan
- Mibulos Beach on the Rock, Brgy. Canlusay
- Banahaw Spring, Brgy. San Joaquin
- Marine Park and Fish Sanctuary, Brgy. Sta. Cruz-Molopolo
- Florencia Island, Brgy. Molopolo
- Municipal Hall, Brgy. San Vicente (Poblacion)
- Kuting Reef Resort and Spa, Brgy. Asuncion
The Manhaon Festival is the municipality's cultural and historical festival, which used to be celebrated during the Town Fiesta, September 29, but now celebrated during the Founding Anniversary of the Municipality, October 31.
The name comes from the word "mang-haon" meaning "to remove cooked food", from the word "haon" meaning "to pick up pots after cooking something".
Moro raiders, usually arriving at dusk, surprise the coastal dwellers which force them to hide in tall bushes. The Moros would then get their food, thus the name "Manhaon". The term thus believed where the name of the town was derived.
The 2006 Manhaon Festival Contest was celebrated on Sept. 29, 2006, at the spacious Municipal Plaza. Tribu ng Maasin garnered first place, Concepcion National High School (from the town of Malitbog) second and Macrohon Institute (MACI), Inc. third.
During the 150th Founding Anniversary of Macrohon, October 31, 2010, the Manhaon Festival Contest took place, again, at the Municipal Plaza. This time around, the five high schools located within the Municipality of Macrohon each sent a contingent to the competition, and the results were:
- Second Runner-Up — Villa Jacinta National Vocational High School
- First Runner-Up — Ichon National High School (also won Best in Street Dancing)
- Champion — Macrohon Institute (MACI), Inc.
- "Municipality". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 31 May 2013.
- "Province: Southern Leyte". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
- Census of Population (2015). "Region VIII (Eastern Visayas)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
- "An Act Creating Certain Barrios in the Municipality of Macrohon, Province of Leyte". LawPH.com. Retrieved 2011-04-12.
- Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region VIII (Eastern Visayas)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
- Census of Population (1995, 2000 and 2007). "Region VIII (Eastern Visayas)". Total Population by Province, City and Municipality. NSO. Archived from the original on 24 June 2011.
- "Province of Southern Leyte". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
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