Magog, Quebec

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Magog
City
The skyline of the city of Magog.
The skyline of the city of Magog.
Official logo of Magog
Logo
Motto(s): Fidelitate et Labore(Latin)
"Through faithfulness and labour."
Location within Memphrémagog RCM.
Location within Memphrémagog RCM.
Magog is located in Southern Quebec
Magog
Magog
Location in southern Quebec.
Coordinates: 45°16′N 72°09′W / 45.267°N 72.150°W / 45.267; -72.150Coordinates: 45°16′N 72°09′W / 45.267°N 72.150°W / 45.267; -72.150[1]
Country Canada
Province Quebec
RegionEstrie
RCMMemphrémagog
ConstitutedOctober 9, 2002
Government[2][3]
 • MayorVicki May Hamm
 • Federal ridingBrome—Missisquoi
 • Prov. ridingOrford
Area[2][4]
 • Total167.50 km2 (64.67 sq mi)
 • Land144.19 km2 (55.67 sq mi)
Population (2011)[4]
 • Total25,358
 • Density175.9/km2 (456/sq mi)
 • Pop 2006-2011Increase 6.2%
 • Dwellings13,605
Time zoneUTC−5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Postal code(s)J1X
Area code(s)819 and 873
Highways
A-10
A-55

Route 108
Route 112
Route 141
Route 247
Websitewww.ville.magog.qc.ca

Magog (locally /ˈmɡɔːɡ/; [maˈɡɔɡ]) is a city in southeastern Quebec, Canada, about 120 kilometres (75 mi) east of Montreal at the confluence of Lake Memphremagog—after which the city was named—with the Rivière aux Cerises and the Magog River. It is a major centre and industrial city in the Regional County Municipality of Memphremagog. The city lies in the Eastern Townships tourist region.

In 2002 the City of Magog was merged with the Township of Magog and the Village of Omerville as part of the municipal reorganization in Quebec.

Etymology[edit]

"Memphremagog" comes from the Abenaki word mamhlawbagak, which means "large expanse of water" or "vast lake."[5] "Magog" is believed to be a truncation of the lake's name. However, it could also come from namagok and namagwôttik, which means "the lake where there is brook trout." Others have theorised that the name has Biblical origins in Gog and Magog, or that it refers to an ancient city by the same name.[1]

History[edit]

The Abenaki were the first to inhabit the region[citation needed] and had long visited the Memphremagog and its waterways.[5] The town was founded in 1776, when Loyalists emigrated from nearby Vermont. They called it The Outlet, referring to the flow of water emptying into the Magog River from the lake.[citation needed]

Considered the founder of Magog, Ralph Merry, an American Revolutionary, immigrated to Lower Canada in 1799 and settled in Bolton, to the west of the lake. He bought up all the neighboring lots, including the village of Magog, where he went on to act as its mayor, judge, and developer. In 1821, he built a house there, which is the oldest standing house in the city.[6]

It was formally named Magog in 1855.

At the end of the 19th century and throughout the 20th, the city's economy was dominated by the textile industry, most notably by a cotton mill operated by Dominion Textile. It wasn't until the 1960s and 70s that the city's economy would achieve desperately needed diversification via tourism, services, and the development of the industrial park.[7]

In 2002 the City of Magog was merged with the Township of Magog and the Village of Omerville as part of the municipal reorganization in Quebec.

Geography[edit]

Magog is a city in southeastern Quebec, Canada, about 120 kilometres (75 mi) east of Montreal at the confluence of Lake Memphremagog, the Rivière aux Cerises, and the Magog River.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Magog
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 17
(63)
15
(59)
24
(75)
29
(84)
33.9
(93)
33
(91)
34.4
(93.9)
33.3
(91.9)
30.6
(87.1)
27.2
(81)
22.8
(73)
18
(64)
34.4
(93.9)
Average high °C (°F) −5.9
(21.4)
−4
(25)
1.7
(35.1)
9.3
(48.7)
17.5
(63.5)
22.1
(71.8)
24.5
(76.1)
23.2
(73.8)
18
(64)
11.4
(52.5)
3.9
(39)
−2.7
(27.1)
9.9
(49.8)
Daily mean °C (°F) −10.4
(13.3)
−8.8
(16.2)
−2.8
(27)
4.6
(40.3)
12
(54)
16.9
(62.4)
19.4
(66.9)
18.2
(64.8)
13.3
(55.9)
7.1
(44.8)
0.5
(32.9)
−6.7
(19.9)
5.3
(41.5)
Average low °C (°F) −14.9
(5.2)
−13.5
(7.7)
−7.3
(18.9)
−0.1
(31.8)
6.4
(43.5)
11.7
(53.1)
14.3
(57.7)
13.2
(55.8)
8.6
(47.5)
2.9
(37.2)
−2.9
(26.8)
−10.7
(12.7)
0.6
(33.1)
Record low °C (°F) −37.2
(−35)
−38
(−36)
−31.7
(−25.1)
−17.2
(1)
−6.1
(21)
−2
(28)
2
(36)
0.6
(33.1)
−5
(23)
−8.9
(16)
−20.6
(−5.1)
−32.2
(−26)
−38
(−36)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 86.5
(3.406)
62
(2.44)
80.2
(3.157)
81.7
(3.217)
100.3
(3.949)
110.4
(4.346)
120.2
(4.732)
120
(4.72)
97.8
(3.85)
95.6
(3.764)
92.3
(3.634)
87.6
(3.449)
1,134.5
(44.665)
Source: Environment Canada[8]

Demographics[edit]

Population[edit]

Population trend:[9]

Census Population Change (%)
2011 25,358 Increase 6.2%
2006 23,880 Increase 6.0%
Merger 22,535 (+) Increase 58.00%
2001 14,283 Increase 1.7%
1996 14,050 Increase 0.1%
1991 14,034 N/A

(+) Merged with the Township of Magog and the Village of Omerville on October 9, 2002.

Language[edit]

Mother tongue (2011)[4]

Language Population Pct (%)
French only 22,975 92.2%
English only 1,390 5.6%
Both English and French 255 1.0%
Non-official languages 270 1.1%
French and non-official language 20 0.08%
English and non-official language 5 0.02%
English, French and non-official language 5 0.02%

Economy[edit]

The city is the economic core of the Regional County Municipality of Memphremagog.

Industry[edit]

For several generations it was a one-industry (textile) manufacturing town, where Texmade linens were produced. The main plant is still there but has considerably reduced its activities to a few employees mainly making pillows.

Tourism[edit]

Magog is in a resort area, with shops and services catering to vacationers and tourists. Tourism is related to the lake and the nearby Mount Orford.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Reference number 133621 of the Commission de toponymie du Québec (in French)
  2. ^ a b Ministère des Affaires municipales, des Régions et de l'Occupation du territoire: Magog
  3. ^ Parliament of Canada Federal Riding History: BROME--MISSISQUOI (Quebec)
  4. ^ a b c 2011 Statistics Canada Census Profile: Magog, Quebec
  5. ^ a b Reference number 40463 of the Commission de toponymie du Québec (in French)
  6. ^ "La Maison Merry de Magog" (in French). Magog Historical Society. Retrieved 13 July 2014.
  7. ^ "L'industrie textile : un fil conducteur de l'histoire magogoise" (in French). Magog Historical Society. Retrieved 13 July 2014.
  8. ^ Environment Canada Canadian Climate Normals 1971–2000, accessed 23 July 2010
  9. ^ Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011 census